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thermoplastic matrices

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... fractographic data obtained from epoxy matrix materials. Minimal fractographic data from other brittle thermoset resin systems are also presented. The article discusses the interlaminar fracture of composites with ductile thermoplastic matrices. It also provides information on the translaminar fracture features...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... The article provides information on some of the basic materials used for thermoset and thermoplastic resin matrices. It reviews the identification of the individual characteristics of thermoset and thermoplastic resin along with the test methods normally used for their determination. The article contains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of thermoplastic-matrix fiber- reinforced composites is affected by the rate of cooling after being consolidated at high temperature and pressure. In this regard, thermoplastic matrices have characteristics similar to metals. For thermoplastic-matrix composites to have repeatable mechanical properties, the degree...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of Rhodamine B dye/solvent to the polished cross section. escence, 390–440 nm excitation, 25× objective Abstract Abstract This article describes the dispersed-phase toughening of thermoset matrices by the development of multiphase-structure thermosetting matrices using rubber and/or thermoplastic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of a few minutes; however, when the raw material is prepreg or separate fibers and matrix, the time interval may be hours or even days. For thermoplastic matrices in the form of preimpregnated reinforcement or molding compound, the time to demolding (excluding the preheating stage) may be less than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Typical manufacturing-related properties and requirements for selected thermoplastic and thermoset matrices Table 1 Typical manufacturing-related properties and requirements for selected thermoplastic and thermoset matrices Matrix type Viscosity (a) Temperature (b) Pressure (b...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and multilayer fabric mats. If organic matrices are available in the neat (unreinforced) form, they are generally mixed from the individual components if the matrix is a thermoset, or are available as sheet, powders, or pellets if the matrix is a thermoplastic. The reinforcing fibers and matrix resins can also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-molecular-weight linear or branched polymer chains (not crosslinked), can be reshaped with the application of heat and pressure ( Ref 2 ). In relation to composite materials, the distinction between these types of matrices is that they are reactive (thermosets) and nonreactive (thermoplastics) polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003381
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... physical, chemical and mechanical properties. While effects for polymer-matrix composites can be substantial, thermosetting matrices are typically much more affected than thermoplastic matrices. Although hygrothermal effects should be irrelevant for metal- and ceramic-matrix composites, their responses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of carbon matrices and the corresponding methods used to create them or incorporate them into a matrix of a composite. These forms include graphite, diamond, fullerenes, and nanotubes. The article discusses the three types of liquid precursors, namely, thermoplastic, thermosetting, and evaporative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... Friedrich K. and Schlarb A.K. , Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites , 2nd ed. , Elsevier , 2013 7. Pesetskii S.S. , Bogdanovich S.P. , and Myshkin N.K. , Polymer Nanocomposites with Thermoplastic Matrices—Processing and Tribology , J. Macromol. Sci. B , Vol 52...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... liner, so that the operating temperature is decreased, resulting in extended engine life. Organic matrices for aerospace applications include epoxy, bismaleimide, and polyimide resins. Various other thermoset and thermoplastic resins are in development or use for specific applications. In 1999...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-performance thermoplastics as matrices in continuous fiber reinforced composites is currently an area characterized by very low use but very high interest. This Section addresses continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastics. The focus is on materials suitable for fabrication of structural laminates...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-Light Microscopy,” but other methods, such as etching, staining, and dyeing, are less time-consuming and work well for elastomers and thermoplastics in thermosetting matrices. The type of elastomer or thermoplastic in the thermoset matrix will dictate if it is better to etch, stain, or dye the phase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Materials , SAMPE J. , Vol 26 , 1990 , p 31 – 36 19. Muzzy J. et al. , Electrostatic Prepregging of Thermoplastic Matrices , Proc. 34th International SAMPE Symposium , Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering , 1989 , p 1940 – 1951 20. “Tow Flex Product...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... is usually not possible unless the matrix is soft and contains very few fibers or the fibers are made from a soft polymer. Thermoplastic matrices are more susceptible to smearing than thermosetting matrices. Even if the matrix is soft, the addition of a small amount of carbon fibers will result in enough...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... 48. Drzal L.T. , Rich M.J. , Koenig M.F. , and Lloyd P.F. , Adhesion of Graphite Fibers to Epoxy Matrices II. The Effect of Fiber Finish , J. Adhes. , Vol 16 , 1983 , p 133 – 152 49. Bradley W.L. and Cohen R.N. , “Matrix Deformation and Fracture...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Common thermoplastic and thermoset molding compounds Table 5 Common thermoplastic and thermoset molding compounds Base polymer Principal applications Potential subprocess problem areas Feeding Transporting Injecting Flowing Thermoplastics ABS Furniture, cabinets...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Fig. 4 Microcracked carbon fiber composite material illustrating the crack morphology in a fiber tow that is in the same plane as the polished surface. Bright-field illumination, 10× objective Fig. 6 Microcracks in a glass and thermoplastic fiber hybrid composite. Red penetration dye...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... resin matrices. Toughness properties can be achieved with high elongation vinyl esters or thermoset polyurethane as well as with thermoplastic resins of various types. Each of the material selections has some processing expertise that must be well understood by the pultruder to make quality products...