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thermodynamics

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
...Abstract Abstract This article is a comprehensive collection of the thermodynamic equations and property relations of the first and second laws of thermodynamics that are applicable to closed-system consisting of several homogeneous and heterogeneous phases. thermodynamics thermodynamic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...Abstract Abstract The control of the solidification process of cast iron requires understanding and control of the thermodynamics of the liquid and solid phases and of the kinetics of their solidification, including nucleation and growth. This article addresses issues that allow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003588
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., Oxidation of Metals, began publication in 1970. This article addresses thermodynamic concepts; the commonly observed kinetics of oxidation are described in the article “Kinetics of Gaseous Corrosion Processes” in this Volume. The mechanisms of oxidation are shown schematically in Fig. 1 . The gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract Molten salts, in contrast to aqueous solutions in which an electrolyte (acid, base, salt) is dissolved in a molecular solvent, are essentially completely ionic. This article begins with an overview of the thermodynamics of cells and classification of electrodes for molten...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003715
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a discussion on the fundamentals of corrosion thermodynamics. The discussion focuses on electrochemical reactions, molten salt corrosion thermodynamics, and geochemical modeling. corrosion thermodynamics electrochemical reactions molten salt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...Abstract Abstract Thermodynamic descriptions have become available for a large number of alloy systems and allow the calculation of the phase diagrams of multicomponent alloys. This article begins with a discussion on three laws of thermodynamics: the Law of Conservation of Energy, the Second...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract This article introduces the fundamental concepts of chemical thermodynamics and chemical kinetics in describing presolidification phenomena. For metallurgical systems, the most important thermodynamic variables are enthalpy and Gibbs free energy. A qualitative demonstration...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the application of thermodynamic in the form of phase diagrams for visually representing the state of a material and for understanding the solidification of alloys. It presents the derivation of the relationship between the Gibbs energy functions...
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Published: 27 April 2016
Source: R. Benz, J.F. Elliott, and J. Chipman, Thermodynamics of the Solid Phases in the System Fe-Mn-C, Metall. Trans ., Vol 4, 1973, p 1975–1986 ( Ref 9 ) More
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Published: 27 April 2016
Source: R. Benz, J.F. Elliott, and J. Chipman, Thermodynamics of the Solid Phases in the System Fe-Mn-C, Metall. Trans ., Vol 4, 1973, p 1975–1986 ( Ref 9 ) More
Image
Published: 27 April 2016
Source: R. Benz, J.F. Elliott, and J. Chipman, Thermodynamics of the Solid Phases in the System Fe-Mn-C, Metall. Trans ., Vol 4, 1973, p 1975–1986 ( Ref 9 ) More
Image
Published: 27 April 2016
Source: R. Benz, J.F. Elliott, and J. Chipman, Thermodynamics of the Solid Phases in the System Fe-Mn-C, Metall. Trans ., Vol 4, 1973, p 1975–1986 ( Ref 9 ) More
Image
Published: 27 April 2016
Source: R. Benz, J.F. Elliott, and J. Chipman, Thermodynamics of the Solid Phases in the System Fe-Mn-C, Metall. Trans ., Vol 4, 1973, p 1975–1986 ( Ref 9 ) More
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract This article addresses two issues on thermodynamics, namely, the calculation of solubility lines and the calculation of the activity of various components. It discusses alloying elements in terms of their influence on the activity of carbon. The article describes...
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Published: 01 December 2009
Fig. 2 The Calphad or phenomenological thermodynamic approach to obtain a thermodynamic description or database of a multicomponent system More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 2 Relationship between thermodynamic and kinetic data within DICTRA More
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 4 The thermodynamic phase stabilities in the Fe-O-S system at 727 °C (1341 °F). s, solid; l, liquid More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 1 Comparison of thermodynamically calculated compositions of liquid alloys at the five-phase invariant equilibria with those identified experimentally as bulk metallic glass formers by Lin and Johnson for the Zr-Cu-Ni-Ti system. Source: Ref 13 More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 11 Flow chart for the status of thermodynamic calculation in relation to predicting material properties More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 34 Current status of thermodynamic calculations and material properties More