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thermodynamic adhesion

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article addresses two issues on thermodynamics, namely, the calculation of solubility lines and the calculation of the activity of various components. It discusses alloying elements in terms of their influence on the activity of carbon. The article describes the desulfurization...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... reactive groups that undergo polymerization in the bond line to build the molecular weight sufficiently to carry a load Merely having the adhesive in a liquid state is not sufficient to ensure that it will wet and adhere to the substrate to which it is applied. Thermodynamic criteria for wetting and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... aqueous corrosion properties. Thermodynamic principles in the context of high-temperature corrosion and information on oxidation; sulfidation; hot corrosion of NiAl-, FeAl-, and TiAl-based intermetallics; and silicides are included. The article explores the thermodynamic consideration, ordering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... postdeposition changes. It also discusses the effects and causes of growth-related properties of films deposited by physical vapor deposition processes, including residual film stress, density, and adhesion. adhesion atomistic film growth atomistically deposited films composite materials condensation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... interface by changing the thermodynamic equilibrium and the strength of the interatomic bonds ( Ref 2 ). The structure of the interfaces may also depend on the size of the crystals. In epitaxy or during the growth of precipitates, for instance, it depends on the amount of elastic energy the crystals can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... p O 2 partial pressure of oxygen P probability Pa pascal P a sensitization number PASS paint adhesion on a scribed surface pH negative logarithm of hydrogen ion activity ppb parts per billion ppm parts per million PREN...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...–510 A.J. Moorhead and H.-E. Kim, Joining Oxide Ceramics, p 511–522 J.A. Pask and A.P. Tomsia, Wetting, Surface Energies, Adhesion, and Interface Reaction Thermodynamics, p 482–492 J. Steinberg, Metallizing, p 542–545 K. Suganuma, Joining Non-Oxide Ceramics, p 523–531 In most cases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., tempering (a) Calculated with thermodynamic values from Ref 2 . Source: Ref 3 Fig. 1 Typical thickness and hardness of nitrided layers on steels as well as titanium and aluminum alloys. PZ, precipitation zone; NL, nitride layer (compound layer). Source: Ref 2 Table 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... additional requirement is that the solution, although thermodynamically unstable, is stable in practice until a suitable catalyzed surface is introduced. Plating is then initiated on the catalyzed surface, and the plating reaction is sustained by the catalytic nature of the plated metal surface itself. This...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... matrix microstructure. Most ceramics are not wetted or are poorly wetted by molten metals, so the intimate contact between reinforcement and alloy can only be promoted by artificially inducing wettability or by using external forces to overcome the thermodynamic surface energy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... reactants are introduced in the reaction chamber, where thermal energy initiates gas phase and surface reactions. If thermodynamic conditions are favorable (see section “Physical Vapor Deposition and Related Processes” in this article), chemical reactions lead to the formation of a stable solid film on a...
Book Chapter

By Rebecca Tuszynski
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... A rubber can be viewed as a thermodynamic “system.” In a static sense, it is an engineering material that has a broad response to external influences such as temperature and pressure. (Of course, there is no such condition as a static application of rubber.) The two basic mechanical properties of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... singly or in combination. Descriptions of certain reactions are provided in the section “Typical CVD Materials and Reactions” in this article. A CVD reaction is controlled by these factors: Thermodynamic, mass transport, and kinetic considerations Chemistry of the reaction Processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... adhesion problems for the subsequently applied coatings. Steel tanks used for raw water storage, whether of old riveted construction or newer welded construction, must be properly lined to prevent electrolytic (oxygen-driven) corrosion of the steel in immersion and, to a lesser extent, to prevent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... materials that will perform economically and possess adequate resistance to mechanical and severe thermal service conditions when the engine is exposed to the operational marine environment. Although various thermodynamic cycles, such as the Atkinson and Humphrey cycles, are being considered for gas...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... other to an oxidizing environment. A single material stable in these environments is unavailable, hence the use of bimetallic materials. The long-term thermodynamic stability of the components at the operating temperatures, particularly at interfaces, is critical. Particular effort has been directed...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... special alloys to serve as matrix materials in cast MMCs. These alloys can be specially tailored to bond to the reinforcement by having favorable thermodynamics and kinetics for desired interfacial reactions. There is a need to develop special particulate reinforcements, including surface-treated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... look at the wear track through a microscope, as shown in Fig. 6 . Such online analysis permits changes in wear mode to be detected, for example, transition from abrasive to adhesive wear, and can help in understanding variations in the friction coefficient over the lifetime of the contact. Fig. 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... oxidizes rapidly at temperatures of 1375 to 1575 °C (2505 to 2865 °F) to form a complex reaction-product mixture. The interaction of common oxides with water vapor has been reviewed ( Ref 80 ) with volatilization rates in the following order: SiO 2 >Al 2 O 3 >ZrO 2 . The following thermodynamic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... relevant to precision cold forging where conversion layer and hard tool coatings are required to prevent lubrication failure and material adhesion, especially in severe applications. The tribological function reduces wear at those points in the die cavity with the greatest relative temperatures, sliding...