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thermodynamic adhesion

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
...Abstract Abstract This article describes measurement techniques for the three basic types of adhesion: fundamental adhesion, thermodynamic adhesion, and practical adhesion. It discusses common measurement methods for each type of adhesion with the main focus on practical adhesion testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract Fiber-matrix adhesion is a variable to be optimized in order to get the best properties and performance in composite materials. This article schematically illustrates fiber matrix interphase for composite materials. It discusses thermodynamics of interphase in terms of surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of extrusion as well as thermodynamics. The finite-element method suitable for simulation of metal forming processes is explained. The article examines the extrusion defects that are divided into three different categories including surface, subsurface, and internal type. It includes information on friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... dissimilar anisotropic solids is completely characterized by no more than nine independent parameters. The work by Li and Ting ( Ref 80 , 81 ) is also relevant. Evans et al. ( Ref 82 , 83 ) concluded that fracture energy is not unique and is usually greater than the thermodynamic work of adhesion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... the structure of the interface by changing the thermodynamic equilibrium and the strength of the interatomic bonds ( Ref 2 ). The structure of the interfaces may also depend on the size of the crystals. In epitaxy or during the growth of precipitates, for instance, it depends on the amount of elastic energy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... groups that undergo polymerization in the bond line to build the molecular weight sufficiently to carry a load Merely having the adhesive in a liquid state is not sufficient to ensure that it will wet and adhere to the substrate to which it is applied. Thermodynamic criteria for wetting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... concentration closest to the metal. Another example is the copper-oxygen system, which may form the following sequence of oxides: Cu|Cu 2 O|CuO|O 2 (g). If the oxygen partial pressure in the gas is below the dissociation pressures of the outer oxygen-rich oxides, then only the thermodynamically stable...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract This article addresses two issues on thermodynamics, namely, the calculation of solubility lines and the calculation of the activity of various components. It discusses alloying elements in terms of their influence on the activity of carbon. The article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... it will impact corrosion resistance and surface treatment. It describes the thermodynamics of equilibrium oxidation processes and non-equilibrium corrosion processes. The article provides a discussion on aluminum oxidation under atmospheric and dynamic conditions. It presents the potential/pH (Pourbaix) diagram...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... requirements, and manufacturing records Visual analysis, documentation of damage and any other nondestructive part evaluation Verification of materials, including the fiber/ resin/adhesive systems Determination of fiber, matrix, and void volume fractions and verification of the lay-up, ply type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and thermodynamics for diamond growth. It was recognized that in order to grow diamond films, the rates of nucleation and growth of the two competing carbon phases—graphite and diamond—had to be controlled. In particular, a key finding was that a deposition environment with excess hydrogen and low carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and postdeposition changes. It also discusses the effects and causes of growth-related properties of films deposited by physical vapor deposition processes, including residual film stress, density, and adhesion. adhesion atomistic film growth atomistically deposited films composite materials condensation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... ( E ) of the most probable electrochemical reactions occurring in a solution containing a specific element. The standard equilibrium potentials are computed from thermodynamic data (standard chemical potentials, or Gibbs free energies of formation). The equilibrium relations drawn for a given...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...: mechanical fastening, adhesive joining, and chemical bonding. Mechanical and adhesive joining of ceramics have useful application in low-temperature, low-stress environments. However, due to the frequent performance limitations encountered with these joining techniques, chemical bonding processes have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... properties but also because of availability and cost. When alumina ceramics contain less than 80% Al 2 O 3 the material is classified as porcelain. As a pure material, Al 2 O 3 has a thermodynamically stable phase at room temperature, that is, α alumina, with a hexagonal crystal structure. High-quality...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... of immunity, which is a thermodynamically stable state. The region of passivity is between pH 4 and 9, where Al 2 O 3 is stable. Below a pH of 4, Al 3+ is predominant. Above a pH of 9, AlO 2 − is predominant. Fig. 1 Pourbaix diagram for aluminum. SHE, standard hydrogen electrode Pitting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.9781627082006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... is supported by the steel substrate. The indium acts as a solid lubricant in this case. A thermodynamic analysis of the growing and breaking of contacts during sliding at the nanoscale further quantifies the adhesive part of the friction force ( Ref 30 ). Main parameters that determine the behavior...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... reaction to occur, using the appropriate thermodynamic calculations. This should be done in two steps: Verify the available thermodynamic data for the thermal stability of each constituent. Make the appropriate thermodynamic calculations to estimate the free enthalpy variations (Δ G ) r , for all...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract This article provides information on the thermodynamics and kinetics of high-temperature corrosion. The thermodynamics of high-temperature corrosion reactions reveals what reactions are possible under certain conditions and kinetics explains how fast these possible reactions...