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thermochemical nitriding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... the surface properties of titanium and two-phase a + ß alloys. biocompatibility corrosion resistance fatigue gas nitriding kinetics nitriding plasma nitriding steel titanium alloys titanium product wear properties THERMOCHEMICAL SURFACE engineering plays a significant role in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... combustion heating can be used to achieve the heat input for a fluidized bed. The article also describes the operations, design considerations, and applications of fluidized-bed furnaces in heat treating. Thermochemical surface treatments, such as carburizing, carbonitriding, nitriding, and nitrocarburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005956
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... process with all of its variables must be regarded. Different parameters, which were screened for their influence on the distortion of discs and gear wheels, are introduced here. Carburizing, nitriding, and nitrocarburizing are the most important thermochemical processes to enhance fatigue and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... alloys magnesium alloys nonferrous alloys phase diagram steels thermochemical reaction rates cast metal INCLUSIONS can be defined as nonmetallic and sometimes intermetallic phases embedded in a metallic matrix. They are usually simple oxides, sulfides, nitrides, or their complexes in ferrous...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... machining, electrical discharge machining, chemical machining, abrasive jet machining, laser beam machining, electron beam machining, ultrasonic impact grinding, hydrodynamic machining, thermochemical machining, abrasive flow machining, and electrical discharge wire cutting. abrasive jet machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, nitridation, carbonitridation, sulfidation, and chloridation. Several other potential degradation processes, namely hot corrosion, hydrogen interactions, molten salts, aging, molten sand, erosion-corrosion, and environmental cracking, are discussed under boiler tube...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... implantation and laser surface processing. Surface hardening techniques, namely, nitriding, carburizing, boriding, and flame hardening, performed to improve the resistance of stainless steel alloys are also reviewed. acid cleaning acid descaling alkaline cleaning boriding buffing carburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosive media include: hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrofluoric acid, hydrobromic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, salts, seawater, and alkalis. The modes of high-temperature corrosion include oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, sulfidation, nitridation, corrosion by halogens...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article provides crystallographic and engineering data for single oxide ceramics, zirconia, silicates, mullite, spinels, perovskites, borides, carbides, silicon carbide, boron carbide, tungsten carbide, silicon-nitride ceramics, diamond, and graphite. It includes data on crystal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... necessary to produce the coating on the substrate. The numerous chemical reactions used in CVD include thermal decomposition (pyrolysis), reduction, hydrolysis, disproportionation, oxidation, carburization, and nitridation. These reactions take place singly or in combination and are controlled by...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the final design concept. Consider, for example, the contrast in design between two four-cylinder diesel engines, one with a four-cylinder, water-cooled, cast iron block and the other with four separate, uncooled, silicon nitride cylinders. In considering the use of structural ceramics for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... has similar corrosion properties, costs less, is approximately half as dense, and is more available. Other uses for hafnium are in the production of specialty chemicals, including borides, tetrahydridoborates, carbides, halides, nitrides, hydrides, sulfides, carbonates, acetates, and oxides. These...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005957
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Salt bath Fluidizing bed Application Heat treating (harden and temper) Age hardening Quenching Tempering Annealing Solution treatment Normalizing Stress relieving Brazing Carburizing Carbonitriding Nitriding Ferritic nitrocarburizing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of steel is based on the physical metallurgical principles which relate processing, properties, and structure. In heat treatment, the processing is most often entirely thermal and modifies only structure. Thermomechanical treatments, which modify component shape and structure, and thermochemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... sintered alumina against a wide variety of metallic materials in a crossed-cylinder configuration, no detectable wear was found on the alumina, although metal transfer to its surface occurred ( Ref 101 ). A similar result was found in fretting a steel ball against alumina, silicon nitride, and zirconia in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005947
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... thermochemical treatment (for example, carburization or nitriding), because additional atoms are inserted into the near-surface region. Of course, unwanted modifications, such as oxidation of the surface or decarburization, also have an influence. These desired or undesired modifications of the surface layer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-blown converter. Reproducibility of the thermochemical reactions is much higher in bottom blowing as the absence of an oxygen lance provides better control of the end point. Turned-down steel has slightly higher hydrogen due to the use of hydrocarbons. The levels of carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen in the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-Check Analysis Limits for Titanium and Titanium Alloys AMS 2444 Coatings Titanium Nitride PVD AMS 2488 Anodic Treatment Ti and Ti Alloys AMS 2643 Standard Examination of Ti Alloys, Chemical Etch Inspection Procedure AMS 2694 Repair Welding of Aerospace Castings AMS 2801 Heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... made quite resistant to oxidation attack. Likewise, the resistance of cobalt alloys to carburization and nitridation attack is not as good as that of the nickel alloys, but it is much better than that of the stainless steels. Essentially all of the commercially important high-temperature cobalt...