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thermochemical conversion treatments

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... steel chromate conversion coatings chromium plating cleaning conversion coatings electrochemical finishing electrogalvanizing electroless nickel plating electroplating finishing hardfacing heat treatment high-strength low-alloy steel hot dip coatings ion implantation laser surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Passivation; pickling, that is, acid descaling; electropolishing; and mechanical cleaning are important surface treatments for the successful performance of stainless steel used for piping, pressure vessels, tanks, and machined parts in a wide variety of applications. This article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... shows one configuration of CSP technology. Next-generation solar-power-conversion systems in CSP applications will require high-temperature (600 to 800 °C, or 1110 to 1470 °F) advanced fluids. Current commercial CSP plants use molten nitrate-salt mixtures as the heat-transfer fluid and TES medium...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... (for example, by heat treatment). This article introduces the fundamental concepts of chemical thermodynamics and chemical kinetics in describing presolidification phenomena. Thermodynamics defines the most stable chemical system (equilibrium system) that can be produced, given a set of starting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... solved, and detailed models of CVD gas-phase and surface chemistry were also developed. Nowadays, multidimensional treatments of the coupled transport equations, including detailed chemistry, are performed in most reactor simulations. Figure 10 shows the typical structure of a CVD simulation. It can be...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... steel are added to the ladle along with deoxidizing materials, which have a major influence on the final quality, formability, and cost. Following ladle treatment, which can also be supplemented by a remelting/refining step not indicated in Fig. 1(a) , the steel is either cast into ingots or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... generate combined fretting wear (i.e., wear volume induced by debris formation and debris ejection) but also fretting fatigue (i.e., crack nucleation and crack propagation) ( Ref 10 , 15 – 18 ). Fortunately, new surface treatments combining shot and laser peening with a thick self-lubricant plasma coating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... to aqueous corrosion is provided in Table 1 . The basic structure of these alloys, like that of nickel itself, is face-centered cubic (fcc). However, most are alloyed beyond the solubility limits to maximize corrosion resistance and require an annealing treatment (usually followed by water quenching...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... inorganic compounds is the two-volume Thermochemical Data for Pure Substances compiled by Barin ( Ref 20 ). This set, an updated version of the previous compilations by Barin and Knacke ( Ref 21 , 22 ), features a more convenient database than the previous work, and it is also far more thorough, as it is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.9781627082907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7