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temper graphite

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., spheroidal graphite; TG, tempered graphite. Source: Ref 1 Constituents commonly found in cast iron microstructures, and their general effect on physical properties Table 3 Constituents commonly found in cast iron microstructures, and their general effect on physical properties Constituent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Lamellar Gr + Fe 3 C P Mottled Solidification Malleable iron Temper graphite F, P Silver-gray Heat treatment Austempered ductile iron Spheroidal graphite At Silver-gray Heat treatment (a) P, pearlite; F, ferrite; A, austenite; M, martensite; At, austempered (bainite). (b) White...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0009206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... in the decomposition of Fe3C and the formation of temper graphite. The basic solid state reaction is: (Eq 7) Fe 3 C → Austenite + Gr Most of the malleable iron is produced by this technique and is called blackheart malleable iron. The final microstructure consists of graphite in a matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on heat treatment of malleable and compacted-graphite irons to produce ferritic and pearlitic malleable irons. It describes the heat treatment cycles of malleable iron, including martempering, tempering, bainitic heat treatment, and surface hardening...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...Abstract Abstract Malleable iron possesses considerable ductility and toughness because of its combination of nodular graphite and a low-carbon metallic matrix. The desired formation of temper carbon in malleable irons has two basic requirements. First, graphite should not form during...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... or heat treatment Compacted graphite iron Compacted (vermicular) graphite F, P Gray Solidification White iron Fe 3 C P, M White Solidification and heat treatment (b) Mottled iron Lamellar Gr + Fe 3 C P Mottled Solidification Malleable iron Temper graphite F, P Silver-gray Heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... machinability and excellent shock resistance 35018 ASTM A338 32510 Temper carbon and ferrite Flanges, pipe fittings, and valve parts for railroad, marine, and other heavy-duty service to 345 °C (650 °F) 35018 ASTM A197 … Free of primary graphite Pipe fittings and valve parts for pressure...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and Tempering Austempering Surface Hardening Hardness Measurements Annealing Hardening and Tempering of Pearlitic Malleable Iron Stress Relieving Spheroidize Annealing High-Temperature Stabilization Ferritizing Annealing Medium (“Full”) Annealing Graphitizing Annealing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., various alloy carbides, graphite, martensite, and a variety of intermetallic phases, nitrides, and nonmetallic inclusions. The article further describes the two-phase constituents including, tempered martensite, pearlite, and bainite and nonmetallic inclusions in steel that consist of two or more phases...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract Malleable iron is a cast ferrous metal that is initially produced as white cast iron and is then heat treated to convert the carbon-containing phase from iron carbide to a nodular form of graphite called temper carbon. This article provides a discussion on the melting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... carbides, graphite, martensite, and a variety of intermetallic phases, nitrides, and nonmetallic inclusions. The article further describes the two-phase constituents including, tempered martensite, pearlite, and bainite and nonmetallic inclusions in steel that consist of two or more phases. common...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... of primary graphite Pipe fittings and valve parts for pressure service Pearlitic and martensitic ASTM A220 40010 Temper carbon in necessary matrix without primary cementite or graphite General engineering service at normal and elevated temperatures. Dimensional tolerance range for castings...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Tanaka Y. and Ikawa K. , “Grain Refining Heat Treatment of Spheroidal Graphite Cast Iron and Its Mechanical Properties,” Paper 5, 44th International Foundry Congress , Sept 1977 39. Dinges C. and Gruver W. , Temper Embrittlement of Ductile Iron , AFS Trans. , Vol 74...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Lamellar Gr + Fe 3 C P Mottled Solidification Malleable iron Temper graphite F, P Silver-gray Heat treatment Austempered ductile iron Spheroidal graphite At Silver-gray Heat treatment (a) F, ferrite; P, pearlite; A, austenite; M, martensite; At, austempered (bainite). (b) White...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... 80 350 51 5 … … … … 180–250 Ferrite + pearlite 600-3/S 600 87 370 54 3 … … … … 190–270 Pearlite + ferrite 700-2/S 700 102 420 61 2 … … … … 225–305 Pearlite 800-2/S 800 116 480 70 2 … … … … 245–335 Pearlite or tempered 900-2/S 900 130 600 87 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... in the as-polished condition. (c and d) Color etching with aqueous 10% sodium metabisulfite (Na 2 S 2 O 5 ) strongly revealed the dendritic segregation in the austenitic matrix. Original magnification for (c): 50×; original magnification for (d): 100× Fig. 8 Temper graphite in malleable iron (Fe-2.9%C-1.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.9781627081795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., as in ductile iron. Malleable iron is produced by first casting the iron as a white iron and then heat treating the white cast iron to convert the iron carbide into the irregularly shaped nodules of graphite. This form of graphite in malleable iron is called temper carbon because it is formed in the solid state...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... ( Fig. 1 ). Malleable iron is produced by first casting the iron as a white iron and then heat treating the white cast iron to convert the iron carbide into the irregularly shaped nodules of graphite. This form of graphite in malleable iron is called temper carbon because it is formed in the solid state...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Lamellar Gr + Fe 3 C P Mottled Solidification Malleable iron Temper graphite F,P Silver-gray Heat treatment Austempered ductile iron Spheroidal graphite At Silver-gray Heat treatment (a) F, ferrite; P, pearlite; A, austenite; M, martensite; At, austempered (bainite). (b) White...