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technical cost modeling

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... contributed to the current knowledge on the cost of corrosion. In the United Kingdom (U.K.), the Hoar Committee has played a stellar role in estimating the cost of corrosion. In Japan, three approaches (Uhlig method, Hoar method, and NBS-BCL model) have been used. In India, the Uhlig method was followed in...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... requirements are based on technical performance and targets for quality, quantity, schedule and cost. With this information, a complete and accurate request for quotation can be drafted and distributed to metalcasting facilities for consideration. To be a smart buyer, one needs more than just a requirements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... accuracy or comparison with experimental data. A model can be defined as a representation of a physical system or process. Engineers and scientists commonly use models for both illustrative and analytical purposes. General types of models are illustrative or analytical. The cost of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... discipline of computer-aided engineering (CAE) together with computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM). In this overview, CFD is described in terms of: Scope of CFD and its utility for engineering Basic technical foundation for CFD How CFD is incorporated into engineering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005950
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
..., and components that need to be reworked. Distortion, cracking, microstructure, and properties such as hardness and residual stresses are considered to be the most important issues during the heat treatment of metals and alloys. Although the relative cost of compensation of heat treatment problems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article describes the integration of thermodynamic modeling, mobility database, and phase-transformation crystallography into phase-field modeling and its combination with transformation texture modeling to predict phase equilibrium, phase transformation, microstructure evolution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... the key steps of the process. Deposition on thermally sensitive substrates is sometimes impossible (except with PECVD, photo-CVD, and sometimes MOCVD). It is out of the scope of this article, dedicated to modeling and simulation, to further describe technical aspects of CVD, PVD, and related...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... The choice of whether a component is best manufactured as welded, assembled, fabricated, forged, machined, or cast is based on the component geometry, production costs, and requirements in application. The article addresses these issues and provides a framework for analyzing all manners of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... to inspect and maintain the component, rather than just the initial costs. This will ultimately lead to more sophisticated networking of models, as shown in Fig. 20 . Figure 20 illustrates a number of factors that must be added to the traditional computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article provides a general technical description of thermal spray coatings used for corrosion protection in atmospheric and aqueous environments. It further discusses two basic coating approaches of corrosion protection, namely, the sacrificial coating of thermal spray aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... it is needed, the history behind the development of POD, how POD assessments are performed, and how modeling and simulation can be integrated into the execution of a POD assessment. It describes the methods by which POD is determined. This includes detail on the experimental process to acquire the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... are quoted in atomic percent. In the context of ever-increasing economic competition, cost as well as technical considerations enter into the selection of production processes. Hence, the development of “technical cost models” ( Ref 97 ) during process design is becoming common. Such modeling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Stainless steels are used for medical implants and surgical tools due to the excellent combination of properties, such as cost, strength, corrosion resistance, and ease of cleaning. This article describes the classifications of stainless steels, such as austenitic stainless steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... correctly formulating an optimization problem can consume about 50% of the total effort required to solve it. It is simple to state what we might want an optimization to achieve, but to quantify the underlying cause-effect and cost relationships is meticulous work. While a computer simulation can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...—Environmental Protection Agency Industry standards ANSI ASTM SAE UL ISO Human factors/ergonomics Ease of operation Ease of maintenance Aesthetics Cost For many years engineers have designed components and structures using best...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... viscosity. Application of coatings to bunker fuel storage tanks is technically sound, particularly in consideration of the high sulfur content. There are numerous amine epoxies that will provide excellent service in this environment. At costs of approximately $650 per ton for fuel at the time of this...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... describe the cost elements and their interrelationship in the manufacture of ceramic components. Attempting to minimize each cost individually is tedious and often futile. It is better to recognize the key costs and attack them strategically, along with considering technical factors. For example, yield...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Furthermore, with the exception of hobbing, the model can be made of a material that is easier to machine. The various methods of making dies from the master model are relatively inexpensive, so that the combined cost of machining the model and making the die is usually less than that for full machining. When...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... considerations for specific technique selection. NDE is typically reserved for safety-critical enterprises because any NDE program adds cost to the component. Alternatives to 100% NDE programs include (1) fix or replace after failure; (2) destructive batch sample examination (DE) where if the sample passes...