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technical ceramics

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article focuses on ceramics, glasses, glass-ceramics, and their derivatives, that is, inorganic-organic hybrids, in the forms of solid or porous bodies, oxide layers/coatings, and particles with sizes ranging from nanometers to micrometers, or even millimetres. These include inert...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... orthopaedic medical devices synthetic polymers technical ceramics The materials presented in these tables are known to have been used in orthopaedic and/or cardiovascular medical devices. The materials are grouped as metals ( Table 1 ), ceramics and glasses ( Table 2 ), and synthetic polymers ( Table 3...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... ceramic composites are discussed in the article “Ceramic-Matrix Composites” in this Volume.) While many of these applications have been identified as critical growth markets for ceramic materials, the use of ceramics is still limited by technical issues pertaining to fabrication technology and long-term...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the underlying mechanisms and kinetics and the relationship between grain growth and densification. densification gas pressure sintering grain growth hot isostatic pressing liquid-phase sintering reaction sintering sintering sol-gel processing solid-state sintering technical ceramics...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... applications are electronic sensors, optical elements, magnetic devices, tribological components, and structural components. Most ceramics that have technical or engineering applications are used as a polycrystalline form of the material. That is, they consist of individual grains, which are actually single...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ceramic materials serve important insulative, capacitive, conductive, resistive, sensor, electrooptic, and magnetic functions in a wide variety of electrical and electronic circuitry. This article focuses on various applications of advanced ceramics in both electric power and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Schematic configurations available for slicing technical ceramic tubes. Source: Ref 24 Fig. 12 Production grinding applications of diamond grinding wheels When properly selected, diamond wheels can be trued, dressed, and made to operate in current production operations...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... carriers, or cutting tools can be produced at rates up to several thousand per minute. Pressing pressures in the range of 20 to 300 MPa (3 to 45 ksi) are used. Low pressures are common for clay-based materials, whereas higher pressures are required for fine technical ceramics. Because of its flexibility...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... still used today in the manufacture of earthenware, stoneware, building brick, and fireclay refractories. Early development of porcelain and china was based on mixing of clay with other pulverized minerals, such as quartz, feldspar, and even bone ash. Modern refractories, wall tile, technical ceramics...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ceramic and glass manufacturers take environmental regulations into consideration during all stages of the product cycle, from research and development to purchasing, processing, end use, and disposal. Ceramic and glass products are finding application in the construction industry and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... under which failure has occurred. Beginning with a discussion of the various stages of failure analysis of glass and ceramic materials, this article focuses on descriptive and quantitative fracture surface analysis techniques that are used in the examination of glass and surfaces created by fracture and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...: Data Book and Buyers Guide Lists materials and equipment manufacturers; includes some property data and other technical information Business News Publishing Company, Solon, Ohio Published annually in July Ceramic Source, Volumes 1–8, 1986–1993 Compilations of materials properties tables from...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to products or parts made of sheet steel, cast iron, or aluminum to improve appearance and to protect the metal surface. Porcelain enamels are distinguished from other ceramic coatings on metallic substrates by their predominantly vitreous nature and the types of applications for which they are used...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... case-by-case basis from an examination of both economic and technical issues. The three categories of contact depicted in Fig. 1 are tangential motion (sliding), impact, and rolling. There are a number of subcategories. Formal definitions for the important types of wear, such as those shown in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... elemental constituents in metal alloys. Optical emission spectroscopy is also used for a variety of other analyses, including: Fast elemental depth profiling of technical coatings Determination of trace impurity concentrations in semiconductor materials Wear metals analysis in oils and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... called cores, which can be made from different materials (sand, ceramic, and metal) depending on the application. The same principles that govern moldmaking also are valid for making cores. The cores are made in coreboxes and must be removed from the corebox after curing, so they cannot have undercuts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... h   = ( 1   +   ν ) (   σ x   +   σ y )   3 still exists. The effect of the hydrostatic stress is to raise the stress level at which yield occurs, causing it to approach the fracture stress. In a constant-volume material (metals, ceramics), the hydrostatic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs) are being developed for a number of high-temperature and high-performance applications in industrial, aerospace, and energy conservation sectors. This article focuses on processing, fabrication, testing, and characterization methods of CMCs, namely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article provides a general technical description of thermal spray coatings used for corrosion protection in atmospheric and aqueous environments. It further discusses two basic coating approaches of corrosion protection, namely, the sacrificial coating of thermal spray aluminum...