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target reliability

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., the response surface method, and Monte Carlo sampling. A brief introduction to importance sampling, time-variant reliability, system reliability, and risk analysis and target reliabilities is also provided. The article examines the various application problems for which probabilistic analysis is an essential...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006086
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Abstract Various powder production processes allow precise control of the chemical composition and physical characteristics of powders and allow tailoring of specific attributes for targeted applications. Metal powders are produced by either mechanical methods or chemical methods. The commonly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... such as target size, surface emissivity, focal length, and sighting path interference. Thermocouples and resistance temperature detectors (also known as resistance thermometers) are the most important contact-type electrical temperature sensors used in the metals industry. Well over 90% of the sensors used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... conservatism. This in turn suggests that the proper question may be not “What is the actual fatigue life of this component?” but rather, “With what probability will the component meet its target design life?” Such questions are naturally addressed by the theory of structural reliability. The ability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...) laser continues to gain acceptance as a process for a number of operations requiring high-temperature injection with speed and precision. For example, in the electronics field, component soldering can be carried out one joint at a time with highly reliable results. Laser soldering uses the well-focused...
Book Chapter

By Lance A. Ealey
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... so that the product or process is on target, with little variability, and provides the most stable and reliable performance at the lowest manufacturing cost. At this point, the engineer will use a linear graph to assign the control factors to an orthogonal array ( Fig. 3 ). (An orthogonal array...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with discussion about the concept of the probability of detection (POD), on which the statistical reliability of crack detection is based. The coverage includes the various methods of surface inspection, including visual-examination tools, scanning technology in dimensional metrology, and the common methods...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... ) as well as local and national codes for installation, inspection, and safety precautions is necessary. X-rays are generated from the disturbance of the electron orbitals of atoms. This may be accomplished in several ways, the most common being bombardment of a target element with high-energy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... York , 1985 10.1016/B978-0-12-780620-4.50007-0 9. Chang C.S. , Knipping U. and Tsong I.S.T. , Shadow Cones Formed by Target Atoms Bombarded by 1 to 3 keV He + , Li + , Ne + and Na + ions , Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B , Vol 18 (No. 1–6 ), 1986 , p 11 10.1016/S0168-583X(86...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005904
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... to molding plants without an additional holding unit. Modern processor control of melting and pouring processes relieves operatives, enables optimum utilization of the melting plant, increases operational reliability, and assists in quality assurance. With regard to furnace peripherals, adapted...
Book Chapter

By S. Lampman
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., and if electron vacancies occur in the inner orbitals, the decay or relaxation of outer electrons to the stable ground state results in the emission of x-rays. These energy transitions of electrons within an atom lead to the emission of sharp x-ray lines characteristic of the target element and the transition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... By selecting an m /z species in the first quadrupole chamber and introducing the species to a collision-inducing quadrupole chamber, a targeted MS/MS spectrum can be generated, facilitating species identification. In collision-induced dissociation, excited ions from the first quadrupole energetically collide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... These ions have a limited distance of penetration in a target material ( Table 1A ). Table 1B lists the approximate stopping distance in milligrams per square centimeter for typical targets often encountered in PIXE analysis: low- Z (atomic number) targets, such as air filters and biological samples...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... a limited distance of penetration in a target material ( Table 1(a) ). Table 1(b) lists the approximate stopping distance in milligrams per square centimeter for typical targets often encountered in PIXE analysis: low- Z (atomic number) targets, such as air filters and biological samples; medium- Z...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... gas and is commonly attached in most modern machines. Reliable and efficient vacuum systems employed in modern machines do not allow adsorbed layers to rebuild after the surface is cleaned. Development of efficient and reliable vacuum pumps was another important step in the commercialization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Reliable Heaters in Plasma Spray Technology , J. Therm. Spray Technol. , Vol 15 ( No. 3 ), 2006 , p 329 – 331 10.1361/105996306X124293 31. Wang Y.-Y. , Liu Y. , Li C.-J. , Yang G.-J. , Feng J.-J. , and Kusumoto K. , Electrical Properties of Vacuum Cold Sprayed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... will still generate an output, but it may not be correct. In such a case, the program should provide a warning message that the result may not be reliable. Hence, a software system is restricted to predict with a reliable accuracy within certain ranges of input parameter values that are limited...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
...-temperature materials stronger and more reliable ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 ). Applications for these materials include jet engines, power generation facilities, automobile engines, and electronic devices ( Ref 4 , 5 ). The potential efficiency of these systems typically increases with increasing operating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... a better fit than a linear function. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 3 Simulated drawing process to produce a molybdenum cup. Design variables for (a) the final target shape and (b) the intermediate stages. (c) Representative presentation of the draw process for the initial design. (d) Cross sections...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... • Health and Safety Executive (UK) HSE Offshore Technology Report 2000/095, “Reliability Assessment for Containers of Hazardous Material (RACH),” 2000 • Health and Safety Executive (UK) HSE, “Best Practice for the Procurement and Conduct of Non-Destructive Testing, Part 1: Manual Ultrasonic...