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target reliability

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., the response surface method, and Monte Carlo sampling. A brief introduction to importance sampling, time-variant reliability, system reliability, and risk analysis and target reliabilities is also provided. The article examines the various application problems for which probabilistic analysis is an essential...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006086
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Abstract Various powder production processes allow precise control of the chemical composition and physical characteristics of powders and allow tailoring of specific attributes for targeted applications. Metal powders are produced by either mechanical methods or chemical methods. The commonly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...) laser continues to gain acceptance as a process for a number of operations requiring high-temperature injection with speed and precision. For example, in the electronics field, component soldering can be carried out one joint at a time with highly reliable results. Laser soldering uses the well-focused...
Book Chapter

By Lance A. Ealey
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... the target specification. Tolerance stackup may not be a critical reliability problem when only two variables—the axle shaft and the seal—are involved. Nonetheless, it's what produces variability in final product quality. Tolerance stackup is the reason that one car's transmission shifts so smoothly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
..., or errors and biases built into the analysis models. Both statistical and random uncertainties need to be considered and accounted for in producing reliable designs (i.e., designs that have an acceptable probability of failure before the target lifetime). Both are typically described by a distribution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... a crystal scatter depending on the direction of travel ( Ref 3 ). In 1967, Smith built an analytical instrument in which noble gas ions (He + , Ne + , or Ar + ) of lower primary energies (0.5 to 3 keV) were directed at a solid target, and an energy spectrum of ions that scattered from the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
..., such as cost, temperature range, useful life, accuracy, size, and response speed. The selection of noncontact sensors involves similar considerations plus those related to radiation factors such as target size, surface emissivity, focal length, and sighting path interference. Thermocouples and resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with discussion about the concept of the probability of detection (POD), on which the statistical reliability of crack detection is based. The coverage includes the various methods of surface inspection, including visual-examination tools, scanning technology in dimensional metrology, and the common methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
...-temperature materials stronger and more reliable ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 ). Applications for these materials include jet engines, power generation facilities, automobile engines, and electronic devices ( Ref 4 , 5 ). The potential efficiency of these systems typically increases with increasing operating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... an appropriate detector. In the case of PIXE, the exciting radiation is an ion beam consisting of protons at an energy level of 2 to 5 MeV. These ions have a limited distance of penetration in a target material ( Table 1A ). Table 1B lists the approximate stopping distance in milligrams per square centimeter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... on single-stage light-gas guns capable of projectile velocities from a few tens of meters per second to 1200 m/s (3940 ft/s). A light gas gun facility generally has four interconnected parts: a pressure chamber or breech, a gun barrel, a target chamber, and a catcher tank ( Fig. 1 ). Different types...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...-excitation reach an appropriate detector. In the case of PIXE, the exciting radiation is an ion beam consisting of protons at an energy level of 2 to 5 MeV. These ions have a limited distance of penetration in a target material ( Table 1(a) ). Table 1(b) lists the approximate stopping distance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract Reliability-centered maintenance (RCM) is a systematic methodology for preventing failures. This article begins by discussing the history of RCM and uses Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) all-industry standard JA1011 as its model to describe the key characteristics of an RCM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... electronic devices. The article gives a brief introduction on superconducting materials, substrates and buffer layers and discusses the major deposition techniques such as, electron-beam co-evaporation, sputtering from either a composite target or multiple sources and laser ablation. The article also...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... being bombardment of a target element with high-energy electrons, x-rays, or accelerated charged particles. The first two are frequently used in x-ray spectrometry—directly or indirectly. Electron bombardment results in a continuum of x-ray energies as well as radiation characteristic of the target...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... , 2 ). However, the risks in manufacturing and reliability pertaining to solder alloys are one of the major concerns in the performance and durability of electronic products. Under some circumstances, design flaws, manufacturing defects, or unintended mechanical loading may cause solder joint failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Reliability-centered maintenance (RCM) is a systematic methodology for preventing failures. This article discusses the history of RCM and describes the key characteristics of an RCM process, which involves asking seven questions. The first four questions comprise a form of failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract The success of a reliable non-destructive evaluation (NDE) application depends greatly on the expertise and thoroughness of the NDE engineering that is performed. This article discusses the general considerations of NDE in terms of NDE response and NDE system management and schedule...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... in the conceptual design for acceptable reliability. This article discusses the design considerations for the use of structural ceramics for engineering applications. It describes the conceptual design and deals with fast fracture reliability, lifetime reliability, joints, attachments, interfaces, and thermal shock...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... feats such as landing on the moon relatively accident-free. The various analysis techniques have grown out of the search for system reliability. Consequently the approach is hardware oriented, with the emphasis on ensuring that hardware is able to perform its intended function. Backup systems...