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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article is a comprehensive collection of machining data, presented in tables, covering most of the commonly used machining operations including turning, face milling, end milling (peripheral), drilling, reaming, and tapping of several materials. It provides starting...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article focuses on the construction, operation of electric arc furnaces (EAF), and their auxiliary equipment in the steel foundry industry. It provides information on the power supply of EAF and discusses the components of the EAF, including the roof, furnace shell, spout and tap...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... lining push-out device used in induction furnaces are also reviewed. The article concludes with a discussion on two distinct ways of operating a coreless induction furnace: batch operation and tap-and-charge operation. induction furnaces electromagnetic stirring mechanical skimmers silica...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... cupola equipment, including preheated air blast, recuperative hot blast systems, and duplex electric holders. It discusses the shell, intermittent or continuous tapping, tuyere and blower systems, refractory lining, water-cooled cupolas, emission-control systems, and storage and handling of the charge...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... subjected to stress; bearing surfaces; plateau honed and tapped surfaces; and reflective, painted, elastic, and wear-resistant surfaces. bearing surfaces contact techniques elastic surfaces focus-follow method ground surface milled machined surfaces noncontact techniques painted surfaces...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... into the top of the furnace, and air, often preheated and/or enriched with oxygen, is blown in at the bottom through tuyeres. The coke burns in the air, melting the metal that trickles down to the bottom of the furnace or well, where it is tapped. Sectional views of cupolas are shown in Fig. 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006649
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of a powder: True density Particle density Apparent density (or bulk density) Tap density True density (or solid density) is defined as the ratio of particle mass to its actual volume, excluding all porosity. It has the same value as the specific gravity of the material. Particle...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... primary steelmaking, except that most foundry melting units are smaller. Although the equipment is the same, there are also important process differences. For example, one major difference between melting practice in a steel foundry and a steel mill is the higher tapping temperature used for foundry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... cutting oils and fluids, tap water, chlorine-contaminated water, and chlorinated solvents. In general, it is best to avoid the use of fluids containing these ions. Where the use of these fluids cannot be avoided, minimizing the contact time with beryllium surfaces is recommended. In addition, proper...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-arc furnace for further refining with oxygen that reduces the silicon, manganese, and carbon to acceptably low levels in the resulting steel. The steel is then tapped or poured into refractory-lined ladles. During this tapping operation, alloying elements that will determine the final chemistry of the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003170
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ). Molten metal is then tapped from the melting furnace (see the article “Melting Methods” ) into a ladle for pouring into the mold cavity, where it is allowed to solidify within the space defined by the sand mold and cores. After it has solidified, the casting is shaken out of the mold, and the risers and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... solid lubricants that are usually applied manually by brush or by oilcan to the tool or workpiece in operations such as tapping and hand reaming. Grinding wheels are sometimes impregnated with solids possessing lubricating qualities. In special cases, such as knife grinding, wheels are treated with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... mode affect roughness measurements ( Ref 143 ). To minimize the effects of friction and other lateral forces in the topography measurements in contact-mode AFMs and to measure topography of soft surfaces, AFMs can be operated in the so-called tapping mode or amplitude modulation mode ( Ref 37 , 144...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... not readily accessible, and the welded area need not be in view of the operator. Stud welding does not require access to the back of the workpiece. Stud welded fasteners can often replace fasteners normally secured by riveting, drilling, and tapping; manual arc welding; resistance welding; or brazing...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... 1 . As soon as the molten metal is tapped from the melting furnace into the transfer ladle, not only does the molten stream become disturbed (from the very beginning to the end), but also a significant amount of splashing between the molten stream and the rising metal surface promotes aluminum...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... melted in electric arc furnaces; melting practice is discussed in the article “Melting Methods” in this Section. While melting generally follows the melt practice used in steel mills, tapping temperatures must be higher to assure that the molten metal will fill the mold. Another difference between the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... radiation at an angle of approximately 30° with respect to the centerline of the core or closure web. If the adhesive is not x-ray opaque, then ultrasonic, eddy sonic, and tap tests can be used to locate the area having unbonded cells. Ultrasonic C-scan can be used to record skin-to-adhesive and adhesive-to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... , Ref 12 ). The work coil can be placed in series with the tank coil ( Fig. 16a ) or connected to the secondary of an RF output transformer ( Fig. 16b ). The series-connected system, usually using a tapped tank coil, is often referred to as a direct tank-loaded (DTL) technique, simply because the work...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., planing, shaping, reaming, and tapping. In these operations material is removed from the workpiece in the form of a chip, which for metal parts is produced through plastic deformation. In abrasive processes, such as grinding, honing, and lapping, small particles are removed from the workpiece by...