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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Fig. 1 Representative railcar Fig. 2 Tank car, circa 1904 Fig. 3 Tank cars, circa 1936 Fig. 4 Modern tank cars Fig. 8 Expertly painted hopper car Fig. 14 First interior-coated tank car Fig. 16 Interior coating of tank car Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006701
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
..., unfired pressure vessels, piping, heat exchangers, steam-jacketed kettles, pumps, stills, condensers, shipping drums, tanks for tank cars, and plant and field storage tanks. Equivalent designations include: Alloy 5254 is available as sheet (ASTM B 209, JIS H 4000) and extruded seamless tube (ASTM B...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006699
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... as alloys 1100, 3003, 5052, and 6061 and provides increased strength in welded construction. Typical storage and tank car applications include high-strength hydrogen peroxide, fuming nitric acid, gasoline, refined petroleum products, ammonium nitrate, urea, and tricresyl phosphate. Other fabrication...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... whenever the process stresses the material and produces permanent deformation. In structural testing, AE inspection is used on pressure vessels, storage tanks, pipelines and piping, aircraft and space vehicles, electric utility plants, bridges, railroad tank cars, bucket trucks, and a range of other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006698
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... structures, tank cars, and shipping drums. Equivalent specifications are: Properties of alloy 5086 are given in Tables 2 to 4 . Product specifications are listed in Table 5 . Typical applications are marine, automotive, and aircraft parts; cryogenics; television towers; drilling rigs; transportation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... overlay. Bearing alloys are further discussed in the article “Aluminum Foundry Products” in this Volume. Railroad Cars Aluminum is used in the construction of railroad hopper cars, box cars, refrigerator cars, and tank cars ( Fig. 10 ). Aluminum is also used extensively in passenger rail cars...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... the process stresses the material and produces permanent deformation. In structural testing, AE inspection is used on pressure vessels and storage tanks ( Ref 5 ); pipelines and piping ( Ref 6 ); aircraft and space vehicles, electric utility piping, bridges, and bucket trucks ( Ref 7 ); railroad tank cars...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to line steel tanks, tank cars, and piping for handling commercial, uncontaminated, concentrated HCl ( Ref 1 ). Natural rubber forms a protective rubber hydrochloride surface that slows further penetration, and a life expectancy of 20 years at ambient temperature is not uncommon. The lining must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., airplanes, and railroad cars were used on 6.4 × 10 6 km (4 × 10 6 miles) of highways, railroads, airports, and waterways. Pipelines and storage tanks are part of the infrastructure as well. The annual direct cost of corrosion in the infrastructure category is estimated at $22.6 billion. Contributions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005957
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... of the treatment ( Ref 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 ). For handling batch loads of material to be heated, quenched, and tempered, quench tanks and cranes should be located in such a way that little time is lost in moving the material from the furnace into the quenching medium. In heat treating furnaces, many furnace...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... are then calculated using Eq 4 and the relationship r = B/A m. If the lot of material under study occurs in discrete units, such as truckloads, drums, bottles, or tank cars, the variance of the analytical result is the sum of the variance between units in the lot, the average variance of sets of samples...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... relatively common, particularly at radiators. In the early days, car use was generally confined to periods when temperatures remained consistently above freezing because of difficulties with cold weather starting and the lack of heat in the passenger area. Cars did not have heaters and often were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... due to the strong solution impingement with the metal surface. Complex parts are difficult to treat. Movable robotic arms equipped with tank nozzles spraying in all directions are used to treat the internal areas of car bodies. At coil coating or galvanizing lines, spraying is mainly used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Commercial sulfuric acid is usually supplied at a concentration of 93 wt%, whereas hydrochloric acid is supplied at concentrations of 31 or 35 wt%. Prices for tank car lots of sulfuric and hydrochloric acids vary geographically within the United States. During 1993, costs were similar for 93 wt% sulfuric...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... most effectively and to experiment with various concepts. In this center, Renaults, BMWs, and Volvos are processed in four steps designed to eliminate pollution during shredding and to salvage parts that can be reused or recycled ( Ref 2 ). First the car is decontaminated. All fluids are drained...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... applications, railroad cars, recreation vehicles, trucks and trailers 5056 Cable sheathing, rivets for magnesium, screen wire, zippers, automotive applications, fence wire, fasteners 5083 For all types of welded assemblies, marine components, and tanks requiring high weld efficiency and maximum joint...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-rolled steel plate ≤65 mm (2 1 2 in.) in thickness Charpy V-notch impact energies of 40 to 60 J (30 to 45 ft · lbf) at −45 °C (−50 °F) Railway tank cars A 812 High-strength low-alloy steels V, Nb Steel sheet in coil form Yields strengths of 450 to 550 MPa (65 to 85 ksi) Welded layered...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005899
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... executions. (a) Series resonant type. (b) Parallel resonant type. Source: Ref 11 Fig. 40 Three-dimensional representation of a tandem plant. Courtesy of ABP Induction Systems Fig. 41 Design of a crucible furnace plant including charging car. Courtesy of ABP Induction Systems Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... fluctuations and excessive bleeding of organic dyes. The authors have found that cold seals are commonly used for black dyes, where the shift in color is not perceived but where the seal tanks must be dumped or treated for long-term use because they become black. The general opinion is that cold seals...