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tangential stress

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... complicated than the analysis of conventional flat laminates. The magnitude of the tangential strain is determined by equating the applied tangential load to the resultant of the tangential stress, and the applied moment to the moment due to the tangential stress. In this process, the tangential stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... condition, R c = R n = R u . In the current state, the fiber with radius of curvature equal to R n is being overtaken by the neutral axis and is experiencing unloading from a compressive tangential stress field. Accordingly, all fibers below the neutral axis r ≤ R n have been progressively...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...Ratio between maximum radial stress and tangential stress for plate of various thicknesses Table 1 Ratio between maximum radial stress and tangential stress for plate of various thicknesses R i Thickness R n /2 h σ r max/(σ θ at r = R n ) mm in. mm in. 25 1 1.59...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to the tangential stress and accelerates delamination of the protective surface film. The influence of shear decreases as the angle (from 45 to 90°) of contact increases. A model illustrating the dependency of impact wear to angle of contact is shown in Fig. 15 ( Ref 31 ). The model shows the combined effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005870
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...Influence of various surface heat treated steels on measured residual stresses Table 2 Influence of various surface heat treated steels on measured residual stresses Steel Heat treatment Residual stress (longitudinal), MPa 832M13 Carburized at 970 °C to 1.0 mm case with 0.8...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... factor is related to the tangential stress and accelerates delamination of the protective surface film. The influence of shear decreases as the angle (from 45 to 90°) of contact increases. A model illustrating the dependency of impact wear to angle of contact is shown in Fig. 17 ( Ref 40 ). The model...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of the specimens, for example, during tungsten oxidation. This type of growth stress has been analyzed ( Ref 6 ). With the help of models, the tangential and radial stresses can be calculated for the ideal case of curved surfaces with a constant radius of curvature. The oxidation increases the strain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... and the thermal conductivity of the material, leading to higher thermal/cooling stresses in the case of water quenching in comparison to oil. As a consequence, the surface layers of the cylinder are subjected to tensile stresses in longitudinal and tangential directions, whereas compressive stresses arise...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of both the theoretical and experimental residual stresses in a circular plug weld ( Ref 14 ). Tensile stresses, as high as the yield stress of the material, are produced in both radial and tangential directions in the weld and adjacent areas. In areas away from the weld, radial stresses (σ r...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... engine main bearing in units of DN , the bearing bore diameter in millimeters multiplied by the rotation of the shaft in revolutions per minute. (b) Estimated inner race tangential stress versus bearing DN . Source: Ref 10 Fig. 19 Composite fracture toughness of carburizing and homogeneous...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... multiplied by wheel speed and a constant, determines the power used by the operation. The tangential and normal forces are related by a coefficient of friction; therefore, in production grinding, in which the normal force is almost never known (without a dynamometer of some type), the tangential force can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... . The tangential stress around the periphery of the hole is plotted. The solid line represents the stress from the orthotropic plate analysis, which is equivalent to the average value of the in-plane ply stresses. At the edge of the hole, these average tangential stresses are the only nonzero components...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Axial stress, 0 to 380 MPa (0 to 55 ksi); contact stress, 40 MPa (6 ksi); fretting cycles, 10 5 . Sample was nital etched and viewed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Fig. 22 Plot of fretting wear versus fiber orientation angle in a composite Fig. 23 Fretting mark generated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... residual stresses in a circular plug weld ( Ref 19 ). Tensile stresses, as high as the yield stress of the material, are produced in both radial and tangential directions in the weld and adjacent areas. In areas away from the weld, radial stresses (σ r ) are tensile, and tangential stresses (σ θ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of friction, µ, is defined as the ratio of the tangential force, F t , and the normal force, F n , as follows: (Eq 1) μ = F t F n The basic laws of friction can be summarized as follows: The tangential force is proportional to the normal load. The tangential force...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... view of the indent. (b) Atomic force microscopy line profile along the section line marked in (a). Section details: surface distance, 29.7 μm; horizontal distance, 28.8 μm; vertical distance, 46.8 nm; angle, 0.093° Fig. 6 Parameters encountered in scratch testing. F T , tangential friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Fig. 27 (a) Investigation of crack length extension under a partial slip condition as a function of the tangential force amplitude. Compressive residual stresses limit the crack propagation. (b) Investigation of wear volume extension under a gross slip condition as a function of the friction energy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Polytech. , Vol 1 ( No. 3 ), 1947 6. Smith J.O. and Liu C.K. , Stresses Due to Tangential and Normal Loads on an Elastic Solid with Application to Some Contact Stress Problems , J. Applied Mech. , 1953 7. Tallian T.E. , Failure Atlas for Hertz Contact Machine Elements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... and the scratching coefficient (i.e., the normal force divided by the tangential force that resists scratching), have been introduced to measure other surface properties. Scratch tests can be useful for obtaining numerical rankings of the resistance of a material to single-point abrasion and for assessing...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... c , chip velocity; V , cutting velocity. (c) Chip freebody diagram. F , friction force; N , normal to friction force; F s , shear force; F n , normal to shear force; F c , cutting force; F t , tangential force; R , resultant force Fig. 7 Circular force diagram for orthogonal...