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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., and provides suggestions to simplify the choice of cutting tool for a given machining application. It also examines new tool geometries, tailored substrates, and the application of thin, hard coatings to cemented carbides by chemical vapor deposition and physical vapor deposition. It discusses the tool wear...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract This article discusses the manufacturing steps and compositions of cemented carbides, as well as their microstructure, classifications, applications, and physical and mechanical properties. It provides information on new tool geometries, tailored substrates, and the application of thin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the formation of eta phase, which tends to develop to a greater extent at sharp tool edges, CVD-coated tools are honed before coating. Tailored Substrates for CVD-Coated Tools Although the early CVD-coated tools substantially improved metalcutting productivity, they were prone to catastrophic fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003375
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and reliability offered by lightweight structural cores. Current lightweight structural cores are classified into three primary types: honeycomb, balsa, and foam. There are numerous substrate materials within the honeycomb and foam categories. Lightweight structural cores can have a density as small as 16 kg/m 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... chromium, electroplated nickel, electroless (autocatalytic) nickel, electroless nickel composite coatings, electroplated gold, and platinum group coatings. These are specifically tailored toward plated coatings for friction, lubrication, and wear technology. The article concludes with a discussion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... Alkoxy functionality, coupled with a wide range of potential forms of organo-functional groups, allows for covalent bonding between organic polymers and mineral surfaces (e.g., pigments, fillers, and glass and metal substrates). The general formula of an alkoxy silane possesses two classes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006858
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... of biomaterial is formed on a substrate in two dimensions or layer-by-layer construction of biomaterials is done on a substrate, to create complex 3D structures. The choice of bioplotting method is application-specific and depends on the choice of biomaterials to be used. Therefore, a critical step...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., one can quickly deduce that these materials do not always lend themselves to easy classification. The deposition processes used to manufacture the coatings are highly flexible and can be tailored to meet specific substrate and application needs. The performance attributes of the coatings are almost...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... a thin layer of glass. Porcelain Enamels Porcelain enamels are very durable alkali-borosilicate glass coatings bonded by fusion to metal substrates at temperatures above 425 °C (800 °F). Porcelain enamels are applied primarily to steel sheet, cast iron, aluminum alloys (in sheet or cast form...
Book Chapter

By S.L. Rohde
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... applications, for instance, TiN-based films can be tailored to produce the color and brightness of gold but with superior scratch resistance at a reduced cost. With the previously described process control methods, various color values can be preselected and reproduced. In magnetron sputtering, substrate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., on-site repairs of tanks and pipes, and so on. The hand lay-up version involves applying the reinforcements and the resin by hand, while the spray-up version uses tailored spray equipment to deposit both reinforcements and resin on the mold or an alternative substrate. Open molding is a process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003480
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and electronic (also called microelectronic) packaging are available now. Their advantages include: Extremely high thermal conductivities (over twice that of copper) Low, tailorable coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) Weight savings up to 80% Size reductions up to 65% Extremely high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract Surface modification is the alteration of the surface composition or structure using energy or particle beams. This article discusses two different surface modification methods. The first, ion implantation, is the introduction of ionized species into the substrate using kilovolt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... can trap lubricant; low cost Coarse surface finish; need for bond layer, abrupt interfaces; hard-to-control coating composition; line of sight Evaporation Large range of available materials; tailor- able compositions; high-purity coatings; low cost Thin coatings; line of sight; abrupt interface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... from approximately 5 to 100 μm, or 0.2 to 3.9 mils, in diameter, as shown in Fig. 1 ) in the solid state are accelerated to high velocities (typically 300 to 1200 m/s, or 980 to 3940 ft/s) and subsequently develop a coating or deposit on a surface (substrate) by an impaction process, shown...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... for coating synthesis include: Response of the coating material and substrate to the laser beam Choice of laser processing parameters to tailor the microstructure The temperature of the coating material and substrate increases rapidly when they are irradiated with a laser beam, which starts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... process-related developments, namely, superplastic forming of aluminum, forming of tailor-welded blanks, rubber-pad forming, and high-velocity metal forming. The article explains cost-effective approaches of evaluating tooling designs prior to the manufacture of expensive steel dies and dieless forming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... transfer uses a laser beam to eject material from a donor layer toward a receiving substrate. The laser-transferred material is printed as a three-dimensional (3D) pixel, called a voxel, which can be in solid or liquid form. This allows LIFT to transfer or print a wide range of materials in the form...
Book Chapter

By Donald M. Mattox
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the properties of ion-plated films. The sources of potential applied on substrate surface, bombarding species, and depositing species are addressed. The article also provides information on the parameters that influence bombardment. It concludes with a discussion on the advantages, limitations, and applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... ). Plasma nitriding at 550 °C (1020 °F), and below, resulted in abundant formation of nitrides, but between the unaffected austenite substrate and the compound layer a zone of supersaturated austenite was observed. Lebrun also realized the commercial tential of supersaturated austenite for surface hardening...