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synthesis method

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By W.L. Johnson
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... and alloys. This includes a discussion of synthesis and processing methods, structure and morphology, and a description of the electronic, magnetic, thermodynamic, chemical, and mechanical properties of metallic glasses. In addition, the article describes the development of metallic glasses as materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., including carbon nanotubes, silica, metals/metal oxides, ceramics, clays, buckyballs, graphene, polymers, titanium dioxide, and waxes. These can be produced by a variety of methods, including chemical vapor deposition, plasma arcing, electrodeposition, sol-gel synthesis, and ball milling. The application...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... techniques. It introduces some common techniques for discretizing the fluid-flow equations and methods for solving the discrete equations. These include finite-difference methods, finite-element methods, spectral methods, and computational particle methods. The article describes the approaches for grid...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of the process. After a description of the comminution process (wet and dry milling methods), it discusses batching and mixing operations and granulation methods. The article also deals with the effect of process variables and the steps involved in chemical synthesis, including preparation from solution and gas...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... processes such as reaction sintering and self-propagating, high-temperature synthesis. It also describes several pressure densification methods, including hot isostatic pressing, gas pressure sintering, molten particle deposition, and sol-gel processing. The article concludes with a section on grain growth...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., namely, discontinuously reinforced composites and continuous-fiber-reinforced composites. Processing methods include cold pressing, sintering, hot pressing, reaction bonding, melt infiltration, directed metal oxidation, sol-gel and polymer pyrolysis, self-propagating high-temperature synthesis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... and synthesis. It provides information on the applications of the engineering CFD. Issues and directions for the engineering CFD are also described. accuracy computational fluid dynamics finite-difference method finite-element method finite-volume method fluid dynamics numerical stability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on transport phenomena and modeling approaches that are specific to vapor-phase processes (VPP). It discusses the VPP for the synthesis of materials. The article reviews the basic notions of molecular collisions and gas flows, and presents transport...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the physical and chemical processes occurring at the film-vacuum interface during IBAD and dual-ion-beam sputtering with illustrations. The article also reviews the methods used for large-area, high-volume implementation of IBAD and the modes of film formation for IBAD. It contains a table that presents...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Synthesis Emerging technologies for tungsten carbide synthesis have focused primarily on submicron and nanosize levels. The rapid carbothermal reduction (RCR) method, developed by Dow Chemical Co., enables an extremely steep temperature gradient by dropping a milled tungsten oxide and carbon lend...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... (SHS), as described in Ref 4 . Combustion synthesis of highly exothermic reactions (typically reduction type) often results in completely molten products, which may be processed using common metallurgical methods. Casting of CS products under inert gas pressure or centrifugal casting has been used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...” in this Volume. The Synthesis Phase A word is not a solution. The words on a brainstorming list are a far leap from a solution that can be implemented. For that reason, VA provides a method for breaking the journey into a series of steps: Word → Idea → Concept → Solution The team...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and coalescence. The most commonly used method for preparing supported metal and metal oxide catalysts involves two steps. First, it is necessary to distribute precursor compounds containing the catalytic component (metal salts, cations, or clusters) within the pore structure of the high-surface-area carriers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... is another means by which weight reduction goals have been met for aerospace structures. Trends and New Technologies in Materials Testing Considerable resources and effort have been spent over the last few decades on developing new methods of materials synthesis in order to satisfy the demand...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... (HPHT) processing or by dynamic (explosive) techniques. The HPHT method, despite high equipment investment costs, is the predominant technique for producing synthetic diamond and CBN. In addition, diamond is also synthesized under metastable conditions (see the section “Low-Pressure Synthesis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Schematic of laser synthesis of coating with coating material deposited on the substrate prior to laser treatment. Source: Ref 69 Katsamas and Haidemenopoulos ( Ref 78 ) investigated solid and liquid state laser carburization of low alloy steels using a continuous-wave CO 2 laser. Two methods...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... qualitative analysis quantitative analysis Overview Introduction In 1903, the Russian botanist M.S. Tswett devised a separation method called liquid column chromatography. Tswett separated structurally similar yellow and green chloroplast pigments obtained from leaf extracts by placing extract...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...Abstract Abstract Consolidation of titanium powders at room temperature may be performed by low-cost conventional powder metallurgy processes. This article provides information on various consolidation methods, namely, die pressing, direct powder rolling, and cold isostatic pressing. It also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
..., respectively. For fusion welding, chemical energy sources include combustion of fuel gas with oxygen (oxyfuel welding processes) and exothermic reaction of particulate metals and oxides (combustion synthesis welding processes), while electrical energy sources include arcs (arc welding processes), joule heating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the process methods and matrix chemistries of ceramic-matrix composites. These methods include pressure-assisted densification, chemical vapor infiltration, melt infiltration, polymer infiltration and pyrolysis, and sol-gel processing. The article...