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synchrotron radiation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... by a discussion on the use of synchrotron radiation as an X-ray source for EXAFS. Data-reduction procedures used to extract EXAFS signals are then described. The article also provides information on the analysis of x-ray absorption near-edge structure spectrum and ends with a discussion on the unique...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... morphology evolution, solute transport, and various process phenomena at spatiotemporal resolutions. It discusses the three viable imaging techniques made available by synchrotron radiation for the real-time investigation of solidification microstructures in alloys. These include two-dimensional X-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... synchrotron radiation as the x-ray source for EXAFS experiments. It also describes the typical EXAFS data analysis of pure nickel at 90 K, and explains the near-edge structure analysis of vanadium. The article presents a discussion on the unique features and applications of EXAFS. data analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... , Elements of Modern X-Ray Physics , 2nd ed. , Wiley , 2011 , p 29 – 60 10.1002/9781119998365 2. Willmott P. , An Introduction to Synchrotron Radiation: Techniques and Applications , Wiley , 2011 , p 1 – 13 10.1002/9781119970958 3. Ice G.E. , Synchrotron Diffraction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... A. , Motta A.T. , Comstock R.J. , Sabol G.P. , Lai B. , and Cai Z. , Structure of Zirconium Alloy Oxides Formed in Pure Water Studied with Synchrotron Radiation and Optical Microscopy: Relation to Corrosion Rate , J. Nucl. Mater. , Vol 324 ( No. 1 ), 2004 , p 6 – 22...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006644
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Mohling W. , Double Crystal Topography Compensating for the Strain in Processed Samples , Phys. Status Solidi (a) , Vol 89 , 1985 , p 79 – 87 , 10.1002/pssa.2210890107 25. Miltat J. , White Beam Synchrotron Radiation , Characterization of Crystal Growth Defects by X-Ray Methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article provides a brief introduction to neutron diffraction as well as its state-of-the-art capabilities. The discussion covers the general principles of the neutron, neutron-scattering theory, generation of neutrons, types of incident radiation, and purposes of single-crystal...
Book Chapter

By S. Lampman
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...-dispersive spectrometer (WDS) and energy-dispersive spectrometer (EDS). This is followed by a discussion on the mechanism and effects of X-ray radiation, X-ray emission, and X-ray absorption. The article then discusses components used, operation, and applications of WDS and EDS. Some of the factors and...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... synchrotron sources enable collection of data in minutes. Collection of electron-diffraction data requires seconds to minutes. Diffraction patterns suitable for RDF analysis can be obtained with any diffractometer (powder or single crystal) that is equipped with a source producing radiation of about 0.7 Å...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
.... The second area of research is material transformations and kinetics of crystal processes. Synchrotron radiation is particularly advantageous for these studies, because the bright beam allows the dynamic processes to be followed in situ. In the third field of application, materials deformation and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006643
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... to 100 Å). In laboratory instruments, discrete wavelengths in the range of 0.5 to 2.5 Å are commonly employed. A wider range, and some possibility of selecting the working wavelength, is offered by synchrotrons and x-ray free-electron lasers (X-FELs). As electromagnetic radiation, x-rays have wave...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
...) Equiaxed grains growing in the melt during cooling of an Al-4wt%Cu alloy. Observed by synchrotron x-ray radiography at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (Institut Matériaux Microélectronique Nanosciences de Provence, Univ. Paul Cézanne). Equiaxed crystals have dendritic branches that are not...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... transmission pinhole camera, the samples must be thin enough for the x-rays to penetrate. Using laboratory x-rays, metallic samples typically must be less than 0.1 mm (0.004 in.) thick. The use of synchrotron radiation or neutrons can overcome this limitation. Figure 2 shows a back-reflection pinhole...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... State of Lead and Copper in Corrosion Products Formed on the Brass Surface in Potable Water , J. Synchrotron Radiation , Vol 6 ( No. 3 ), 1999 , p 653 – 655 10.1107/S0909049598015180 89. Lutzenkirchen-Hecht D. and Frah R. , Time Resolved EXAFS Investigation of the Anodic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... filter (for example, nickel foil used with a copper x-ray tube), a primary beam monochromator, or focusing optics or mirrors. Regardless of the method used, there will be a loss in intensity of the desired characteristic radiation. Large beamline facilities that have synchrotron radiation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., coherent, and monochromatic third-generation synchrotron radiation and high-resolution fast-readout detector systems have been used for in situ studies of dendritic growth processes in aluminum-copper alloys ( Ref 16 ). Two frames from a movie produced with this technique are shown in Fig. 25 . Two grains...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... experiment is often done with a transparent organic alloy, and the solidification morphology is observed using a microscope. (Recently, similar experiments have been performed in metallic systems using synchrotron radiation to observe the microstructure ( Ref 5 ). Next, a model of the system is built with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... with a transparent organic alloy, and the solidification morphology is observed using a microscope. (Recently, similar experiments have been performed in metallic systems using synchrotron radiation to observe the microstructure ( Ref 5 ). Next, a model of the system is built with the goal of finding...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., and equipment. However, most good proposals are accepted for which synchrotron sources are necessary. Photographic and electronic detection of the scattered radiation are used in SAS measurements. Multichannel data acquisition, in conjunction with mainframe and personal computers, allows data...