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swaging dies

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...Abstract Abstract Rotary swaging is an incremental metalworking process for reducing the cross-sectional area or otherwise changing the shape of bars, tubes, or wires by repeated radial blows with two or more dies. This article discusses the applicability of swaging and metal flow during...
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 14 Sequence of operations for swaging a taper on a long tube. Extended dies are used in the first three operations; the final operation uses standard-length dies. Dimensions given in inches More
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 15 Swaging a 760 mm (30 in.) long taper in two operations using dies 455 mm (18 in.) long. Dimensions given in inches More
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 1 Typical dies and punches used in open-die forging. (a) Die mounted with dovetail and key. (b) Flange-mounted die. (c) Swages for producing smooth round and hexagonal bars. (d) V-die. (e) Combination die (bar die). (f) Single loose die with flat top for producing hexagonal bars. (g) Three More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Forging machines use a wide variety of hammers, presses, and dies to produce products with the desired shape, size, and geometry. This article discusses the major types of hammers (gravity-drop, power-drop, high speed, and open-die forging), and presses (mechanical, hydraulic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... forging, are discussed in the articles in the Section “Forging Processes” in this Volume. Open Dies Most open-die forgings are produced in a pair of flat dies—one attached to the hammer or to the press ram and the other to the anvil. Swage (semicircular) dies and V-dies are also commonly used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003994
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... presses with flat dies. These forgings themselves become forging dies for isothermal forging of superalloy turbine discs. Figure 1 illustrates an isothermal forging process using TZM dies. Fig. 1 Isothermal forging process using TZM dies. Courtesy of The Ladish Co. Workpieces subjected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003989
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... operations. The aforementioned configuration is typical; however, depending on the application, other angles could be used. It is also not uncommon for a single V-die to be used with a flat die. Fig. 4 Typical V-die and swage die configurations From a practicality standpoint, V-dies are more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... large deformations at high speed relative to traditional swaging processes. Adiabatic heating during deformation compensates for cooling as the rod passes through the mill, resulting in a uniform metallurgical structure. The mill can produce long rods that are then drawn through multiple dies to attain...
Book Chapter

By H.W. Sizek
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003984
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...Abstract Abstract Radial forging is a process performed with four dies arranged in one plane that can act on a piece simultaneously. This article explains the types of radial forgings and describes the advantages and disadvantages of radial forging over open-die cogging/forging. The article...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003978
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... Dies Most open-die forgings are produced in a pair of flat dies—one attached to the hammer or to the press ram, and the other to the anvil. Swage dies (curved), V-dies, V-die and flat-die combinations, FM (free from Mannesmann effect) dies, and FML (free from Mannesmann effect with low load) dies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... achieved using flat dies. However, some forgers work the ingot down as a round using “V” or swage dies. Because of the high hot hardness of stainless steel and the narrow range of working temperatures for these alloys, light reductions, or saddening (an operation in which an ingot is given a succession...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of representative cemented carbides used for nonmachining applications Typical application Binder content, wt% Grain size Hardness, HRA Heavy blanking punches and dies, cold heading dies 20–30 Medium 85 Heading dies (severe impact), hot-forming dies, swaging dies 11–25 Medium to coarse 84...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... interchangeably to form steel parts because this could destroy the high finish on the tools. Most aluminum alloys require smaller clearances between punches and dies in blanking and piercing than do steels. For drawing operations, similar tool radii but larger clearances are required, with respect to steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
.... Nevertheless, the basic principle used in shaping and cutting of stampings is the same as that of any conventional press. Moving slides, fitted with suitable tools, strike the metal while it is supported on tools equivalent to dies, forcing it to assume the desired shape. The base of the multiple-slide machine...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... contain abrasive material, such as residual sand, surface oxides, slag, or refractory particles Tools made of cast cobalt alloys usually are not recommended for light, very fast finishing cuts. Typical wear applications for these alloys include wear strips for belt sanders; dies for extruding copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003980
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... It deals with various upsetting processes: offset upsetting, double-end upsetting, upsetting with sliding dies, upsetting pipe and tubing, and electric upsetting. The article also provides information on hot forging and cold forging. cold forging cold shearing double-end upsetting electric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.9781627081856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...Abstract Abstract Refractory metals are typically processed from powders into ingots that are subsequently swaged into round bars or rolled into plates. Secondary operations are required to fabricate more complex refractory metal components. This article discusses two such secondary operations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... It presents an overview of the processes, equipment, dies and die materials, and lubrication associated with drawing of rod, wire, bar, and tube. The article also provides a discussion on the design considerations and manufacturing of commercial superconducting multifilamentary conductors. bar drawing...