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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... (CF). The article presents the factors related to the use of surgical implants and their deterioration in the body environment, including biomedical aspects, chemical environment, and electrochemical fundamentals needed for characterizing CF and SCC. It provides a discussion on the use of metallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Plate , J. Bone Joint Surg. , Vol 54A , 1972 , p 617 – 628 10.2106/00004623-197254030-00015 18. “Standard Specification for Wrought Cobalt-20 Chromium-15 Tungsten-10 Nickel Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R30605),” ASTM F 90, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... dental drills, surgical devices, forceps, optical procedures devices, laser electrodes, and others Titanium and its alloys have several desirable properties as an implant material. Titanium alloys offer excellent strength and toughness, and the low density of titanium (4.5 g/cm 3 ) is significantly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... than older patients ( Ref 2 ). Another factor to consider is the sterility of the implant, both during the surgical procedure and also for long-term survival of the implant. For example, a peri implantitis infection can lead to loss of bone supporting a dental implant, which can lead to inflammation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... surface attack of implants. A number of metals and alloys have proven to be satisfactory as implant materials during years of surgical application. They are specified as implant materials by standards of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the International Organization for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... precise surgical techniques and careful consideration of strength requirements. Some of these implants failed due to fatigue and surface fracture, and recent clinical reports have sounded cautionary notes ( Ref 28 , 29 ). Total hip replacement is now a well-established orthopaedic procedure, with about...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Stainless steels are used for medical implants and surgical tools due to the excellent combination of properties, such as cost, strength, corrosion resistance, and ease of cleaning. This article describes the classifications of stainless steels, such as austenitic stainless steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ). This worldwide increase in the average age of the population has, in turn, led to a rapidly increasing number of surgical procedures involving prosthesis implantation, because as the human body ages, the load-bearing joints become more prone to ailments. This has resulted in an urgent need for improved...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract Metallography plays a significant role in the quality control of metals and alloys used in the manufacture of implantable surgical devices. This article provides information and data on metallographic techniques along with images showing the microstructure of biomedical orthopedic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-molecular-weight polyethylene mating surface. Tests at several laboratories have indicated that wear reductions of 10× to 100× may be realized by the implantation of nitrogen ions into the alloy. To date tens of thousands of such components have been ion implanted prior to surgical implantation. Table 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... 9. Guyton A.C. , Textbook of Medical Physiology , 4th ed. , W.B. Saunders Co. , 1971 , p 427 – 441 10. Laing P.G. , Problems in the Use of Metals as Surgical Implants , J. Dent. Res. , Vol 45 , 1966 , p 1660 – 1661 10.1177/00220345660450061501 11. Laing P.G...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...), bone fracture (5% of failures), and unavoidable surgical error (3% of failures) ( Ref 2 ). Implant debris comes in only two forms: particles and ions, where ions are generally bound to serum proteins. However, the inflammatory responses that lead to implant failure are generally attributed to particles...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Fig. 1 Categorization of medical device technology Advanced materials do more than simply improve functionality of implants. For instance, the use of hernia mesh nanomaterials for the controlled release of antibiotics to control surgical site infection combines restorative anatomical and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides a summary of biocompatibility or biological response of metals, ceramics, and polymers used in medical implant, along with their clinical issues. The polymers include ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene, nonresorbable polymer, and resorbable polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Fabrication of Cobalt Alloy Surgical Implant Materials , Research in Dental and Medical Materials , Hirschhorn J.S. , Reynolds J.T. , and Korstoff E. , Ed., Plenum Press , New York , 1969 , p 137 13. Lueck R.A. , Galante J.O. , and Rostoker W. , Development of an...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Corrosion of a Vitallium Plate , J. Bone Joint Surg. A , Vol 54 , 1972 , p 617 – 628 20. “Standard Specification for Wrought Cobalt-20 Chromium-15 Tungsten-10 Nickel Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R30605) ,” F 90, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International 21...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... , Bioceramics , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol 27 , 1992 , p 285 – 297 • Fraker A.C. and Ruff A.W. , Metallic Surgical Implants: State of the Art , J. Met. , Vol 29 ( No. 5 ), 1977 , p 22 – 28 • Fuller R.A. and Rosen J.J. , Materials for Medicine , Sci. Am. , Vol 255...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... ductile overload zone of fracture surface in Fig. 661 . Note burnishing. See also Fig. 670 . SEM, 1040× (H.R. Shetty, Zimmer Inc.) Fatigue crack nucleation at slip bands in the plate of a hip screw (compression tube and plate) surgical implant. Material and processing same as in Fig. 661 , 662...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Cahoon J.R. and Hill L.D. , Evaluation of a Precipitation Hardened Wrought Cobalt-Nickel-Chromium-Titanium Alloy for Surgical Implants , J. Biomed. Mater. Res. , Vol 12 , 1978 , p 805 – 821 10.1002/jbm.820120604 36. Ruck T.C. and Fulton J.F. , Medical Physiology and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Hodge F.G. and Lee T.S. , Effect of Processing on Performance of Cast Prosthetic Alloys , Corrosion , Vol 31 , 1975 , p 111 26. Kilner T. et al. , Phase Identification and Incipient Melting in a Cast Co-Cr Surgical Implant Alloy , J. Biomed. Mater. Res. , Vol 16 , 1982...