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surface soil removal

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... treatment processes, surface soil removal, blast cleaning, chemical descaling, pickling or etching, anodizing, autoclaving, polishing, buffing, vapor phase nitriding, and electroplating. Applications of these surface treatment processes are also reviewed. Selected References Selected References...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of the soil to be removed, (b) the substrate to be cleaned (i.e., ferrous, nonferrous, etc.), (c) the importance of the condition of the surface to the end use of the part, (d) the degree of cleanliness required, (e) the existing capabilities of available facilities, (f) the environmental impact...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... ALKALINE CLEANING is a commonly used method for removing a wide variety of soils from the surface of metals. Soils removed by alkaline cleaning include oils, grease, waxes, metallic fines, and dirt. Alkaline cleaners are applied by either spray or immersion facilities and are usually followed by a warm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Developments Cleaning and Finishing Surface Modification Diffusion Treatments Coatings Cleaning and Descaling Problems Removal of Scale Pickling Procedures following Descaling Removal of Tarnish Films Polishing and Buffing Wire Brushing Removal of Grease and Other Soils Ion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for removing a wide variety of soils from the surface of metals. This article focuses on the composition, operating conditions, and test and control of alkaline cleaners, as well as equipment used and their application methods. It describes the mechanisms of alkaline cleaning, such as saponification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... are difficult to remove, especially if combined with grit or metal particles. Examples of application of room-temperature alkaline cleaners Table 8 Examples of application of room-temperature alkaline cleaners Part Surface from last operation Relative amount of original soil on part Residual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... be used to clean aluminum. These are organic solvents, such as kerosene, Stoddard solvent, and mineral spirits, to which small amounts of emulsifiers and surfactants are added. In use, this type of cleaner emulsifies the oil or grease on the surface. The soil and cleaner are removed with water, preferably...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... Emulsion cleaning is often used with a surface-activating agent, after alkaline cleaning. It is more economical to remove the major portion of the soil by alkaline cleaning first, followed by emulsion cleaning to remove the remainder. If painting or phosphating is the next step, emulsion cleans the alkali...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to be cleaned is lowered into the vapor zone, where the relative coolness of the work causes the vapor to condense on its surface. The condensate dissolves the soil and removes it from the surface of the work by dripping back into the boiling solvent. When the work reaches the temperature of the hot vapor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of solvent precleaning is that heavy surface soil is removed from the alkaline tank, thus prolonging solution life. Precleaning of emulsifiable solvents shortens total cleaning time, and because it allows less frequent dumping of the alkaline tank, it also reduces total cleaning costs. Emulsion systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... is a process in which a solution of a mineral acid, organic acid, or acid salt, in combination with a wetting agent and detergent, is used to remove oxide, shop soil, oil, grease, and other contaminants from metal surfaces, with or without the application of heat. The distinction between acid cleaning and acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... are buried as described here, the retrieval process should proceed smoothly. The initial surface digging can be carried out with power equipment, but the final few centimeters of soil must be removed by careful hand shoveling to reduce the possibility of specimen damage, loss of corrosion products, or loss...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... by adding brushes to the continuous strip coating line in order to mechanically loosen and remove surface soil. An abrasive material can be bonded to these brushes to enhance their scouring or scrubbing action. The brushes are usually placed in the processing line with a steel roll on the opposite side...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... is usually effective in mechanically removing the overlying corrosion layers ( Ref 12 ). The disadvantage of this process is that it removes all associated material from the metal surface, including plating, other surface treatments, and information about the original surface of the artifact. Electrolysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., whereas hand-tool cleaning typically produces the lowest level of exposure. Liquid mists containing toxic particulates can be produced if water is used to remove the existing coatings system. Even though the use of water for surface preparation tends to reduce airborne toxic particulate concentrations...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., the corrosion products maintain a pH of 9.5 next to the steel surface, regardless of the pH of the solution. At a pH of 4 or below, hydrogen evolution begins and corrosion increases rapidly ( Fig. 2 ). Bacterial action is another factor that influences underground corrosion. Of the various bacteria in soils...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003689
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... Nonoily substances can be removed by brushing or scrubbing and then rinsing with water. Oily materials should be removed with an approved solvent followed by a final wiping with clean cloths and clean solvent to avoid spreading oil films on the surface. Two-component wash primers meeting The Society...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... to stick to itself. In addition, a rock shield should be applied over the wrapped paste in rocky or high-soil-stress areas. Prepare the surface: Remove all marine growth and deposits, loose scale, mud, rust, and loosely attached remnants of previous coatings. Inspect the cleaned area and remove...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... are added. In use, this type of cleaner emulsifies the oil or grease on the surface. The soil and cleaner are removed with water, preferably applied by spraying. Alkaline Cleaning Alkaline cleaning is the most widely used method for cleaning aluminum and aluminum alloys. This method is easy to apply...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... solvents, such as kerosine, Stoddard solvent, and mineral spirits, to which small amounts of emulsifiers and surfactants are added. In use, this type of cleaner emulsifies the oil or grease on the surface. The soil and cleaner are removed with water, preferably applied by spraying. Alkaline cleaning...