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surface coverage

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Book Chapter

By Ted Kostilnik
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... This article focuses on the major variables, applications, and limitations of shot peening and provides information on peening action, surface coverage, and peening intensity. It discusses the equipment used for shot recycling and shot propelling as well as the types and sizes of media used for peening...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006661
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Desorption scheme of tributyl phosphite on Fe 3 O 4 as interpreted by Gao et al. Source: Ref 41 . Reprinted (adapted) with permission from Ref 41 . Copyright (2004) American Chemical Society Fig. 8 Example of a plot for shape index analysis Fig. 2 Surface coverage and desorption rate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003584
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... preferably occurs at crystallographic defects, which are more reactive sites. Moreover, surface coverage is a dynamic feature related to the balance between adsorption/desorption processes. This suggests that changes in the electrode potential are likely to induce changes in the surface coverage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
...Abstract Abstract Chemical conversion coatings are adherent surface layers of low-solubility oxide, phosphate, chromate, and chromate-free compounds produced by the reaction of suitable reagents with the metallic surface. This article provides an overview on chromate-free coatings, along...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... begins with discussion about the concept of the probability of detection (POD), on which the statistical reliability of crack detection is based. The coverage includes the various methods of surface inspection, including visual-examination tools, scanning technology in dimensional metrology...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the selection and formability characteristics of steels, with an emphasis on low-carbon steels and some coverage on the forming of high-carbon steels. It describes the key factors that affect the formability of steels in terms of steelmaking practices...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... compositions of nickel alloys Nickel alloy Final heat temperature Average grain-boundary fracture surface coverage, fraction of a monolayer of sulfur Number of intergranular surfaces analyzed °C °F ZR 1100 2010 0.05 8 600 1110 0.10 10 VM 1100 2010 0.10 18 600 1110 0.20...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... crystallographic orientation density film growth growth-related properties interface formation intermetallic materials lattice defects nucleation nuclei growth physical vapor deposition reactive deposition residual film stress surface area surface coverage transport vaporization voids...
Book Chapter

By Donald M. Mattox
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... , Society of Vacuum Coaters 36th Ann. Tech. Conf. Proc. , 1993 , p 293 Film Properties Surface Preparation Nucleation Interface Formation Film Growth Surface Coverage Reactive Deposition Properties of Films Deposited by Ion Plating The most common versions of ion plating use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... lines for the adsorbed species system. θ S and θ O are the relative surface coverages of adsorbed sulfur and oxygen, respectively. m S = 10 −4 mol/kg, m Fe = 10 −6 mol/kg Fig. 20 E -pH diagram for the system of sulfur, oxygen, and water adsorbed on iron at 300 °C (573.15 K) in the case...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... (high coverage) 991 Physisorption 63 Pyr/Cab-O-Sil HS5 (low coverage) 1010 H-bonded 63 Pyr/aerosil 1006 H-bonded 63 Pyr/silica with excess Al 3+ 1020 Lewis acid site 63 Pyr/porous vycor glass 1006 H-bonded 11 Pyr/γ-Al 2 O 3 1019 Lewis acid site 13 , 63...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... , titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ), and zirconium dioxide (ZrO 2 ) have been characterized using Raman spectroscopy ( Ref 54 ). These catalysts are of industrial importance for the oxidation Of SO 2 , CO, and other hydrocarbons. In this study, the effects of catalyst preparation and catalyst surface coverage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Property Monitoring Film Stress Monitoring Equilibrium Vapor Pressure Vaporization Rate Vapor Flux Distribution on Vaporization Elements Alloys Compounds Nucleation and Nucleation Density Surface Coverage Deposition of Elements Deposition of Alloys Deposition...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ingredients: an active chemical compound, such as a halide, for oxide removal; wetting agents to improve surface coverage; and a vehicle to dilute and mix the cleaning compound and wetting agents together. The vehicle, which is removed by evaporation during the soldering process, is typically water, isopropyl...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... removal; wetting agents to improve surface coverage; and a vehicle to dilute and mix the cleaning compound and wetting agents together. The vehicle, which is removed by evaporation during the soldering process, is typically water, isopropyl alcohol, glycerin, glycol (for liquid fluxes), or petroleum jelly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... are also used for corrosion control. They can form a coating on pipes, but more likely they act like polyphosphates as sequestering agents. The exact mechanism is not fully understood, but it has been suggested that this works by adsorption again onto preexisting particulates. The surface coverage causes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... material loss on both surfaces of the floor. The requirement for the sensor to be placed between the poles of a magnet means that the technique is unable to give 100% coverage of a floor up to vertical obstructions and side walls. The wall thickness that can be inspected by MFL is limited...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... with an average beam current of ~10 Pa (0.0015 psi). The incident angle of 0° represents an incidence perpendicular to the sample surface. The time required for a complete sample scan is usually 1.5 h at a dose of ~3 × 10 13 cm 2 , which provides sufficiently low coverage to avoid radiation damage from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... on the surface of the casting ( Fig. 17 ). The degree of embrittlement of austenitic manganese steels is, therefore, related to the degree of grain-boundary coverage by the different embrittling phases. Figure 16 shows a weighted grain-boundary coverage by the embrittling constituents versus Charpy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract Thermal spray coatings (TSCs) are surface coatings engineered to provide wear-, erosion-, abrasion-, and corrosion-resistant coatings for original equipment manufacture and for the repair and upgrading of in-service equipment. This article presents an overview of five thermal...