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supercritical power plants

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Candidate alloys for ultra supercritical power plant boilers Table 1 Candidate alloys for ultra supercritical power plant boilers Trade designation ASME code/code case Preferred application (a) Metal temperature of application (b) , °C Ferritic steels HCM2S 2199 WW ≤575...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...% Fig. 4 Potential-pH diagram for iron in supercritical aqueous solution at 400 °C (750 °F) and 50 MPa (500 bar), showing the approximate regions in potential-pH space for the operation of supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) reactors and supercritical thermal power plants. Source: Adapted from Ref...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in fossil-fuel and nuclear power plants. The primary corrosion challenges are related to the chemistry of the “raw” water, stagnant conditions, flow variations, and temperature variations. Wastewater can contain substantial levels of dissolved solids (including chlorides and sulfates), suspended solids...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... corrosion is generally ineffective due to coating spallation, erosion, and rapid deterioration. The steam outlet temperature of a supercritical boiler is typically designed to be less than 566 °C (1050 °F). However, to further increase plant efficiency and reduce emissions, ultrasupercritical coal-fired...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Turbine Corrosion: Stress—Environment—Material , Proceedings of Int. Conference on Materials and Corrosion Experience in Fossil Power Plants , Nov 2003 , Electric Power Research Institute , 2003 2. Jonas O. , Low Pressure Steam Turbines , Low Temperature Corrosion Problems in Fossil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... 16. Manivannan G. and Sawan S.P. , The Supercritical State , Supercritical Fluid Cleaning—Fundamentals, Technology, and Applications , William Andrew Publishing , 1998 17. Spall W.D. and Laintz K.E. , A Survey on the Use of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article explains the main types and characteristic causes of failures in boilers and other equipment in stationary and marine power plants that use steam as the working fluid with examples. It focuses on the distinctive features of each type that enable the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... power plant classifications Nomenclature Steam conditions Net plant efficiency (higher heating value), % Subcritical 16.5 MPa (2400 psig), 540–565 °C (1000–1050 °F) 35 Supercritical >24.8 MPa (3600 psig), ~565–600 °C (1050–1110 °F) 38 Ultrasupercritical >24.8 MPa (3600...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., corrosion by halogens, and corrosion by molten salts. Applications where the corrosion properties of nickel alloys are important factors in materials selection include the petroleum, chemical, and electrical power industries. Most nickel alloys are much more resistant than the stainless steels to reducing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... distillate Chemical Bayonet heaters, condensers … Aluminum chloride Concentration Chemical Bayonet heaters, condensers Condensers for HCl recovery Amino acids Digesting proteins in HCl Chemical, breweries, distilleries, food Bayonet heaters, condensers, complete plants See glutamic acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... H. , Wang F. , Ning Y. , Zhao B. , Yin F. , Lai Y. , Zheng J. , Hu X. , Fan T. , Tang J. , Zhang D. , and Hu K. , Green “Planting” Nanostructured Single Crystal Silver , Nature , March 21 , 2013 10.1038/srep01511 13. Zhang G...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Conference , Engineer's Society of Western Pennsylvania , 1985 2. Foster C.D. and Trimble J. , Foam Cleaning Boosts Turbine Output , Power Eng. , Vol 103 ( No. 3 ), March 1999 3. Frenier W.W. , Technology for Chemical Cleaning of Industrial Equipment , NACE...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 14. Grabke H.J. , Brancho-Troconis C.B. , and Múller-Lorenz E.M. , Metal Dusting of Low Alloy Steels , Mater. Corros. , Vol 45 , 1995 , p 215 10.5006/1.3293634 15. Schillmoller C.M. , Solving High-Temperature Problems in Oil Refineries and Petrochemical Plants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Rotors , in Life Assessment and Improvement of Turbogenerator Rotors for Fossil Plants , Viswanathan R. , Ed., Pergamon Press , 1985 , p 3.101 – 3.114 19. McCoy H.E. , Corrosion , Vol 21 , 1965 , p 84 10.5006/0010-9312-21.3.84 20. McCoy J.D. , “Corrosion Rates...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., there is no standard particle size distribution for these materials. Each producer tends to make what works best for that particular deposit and plant, with input from customers. The Ohio dolomite producers make at least three grades for the glass industry. Feldspar and Nepheline Syenite Feldspar and nepheline...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...) and higher. Fossil fuel electric power generation makes use of steam temperatures from 500 to 600 °C (930 to 1110 °F). At such temperatures, most steels will exhibit creep—that is, a gradual deformation in the direction of the principal stresses—and thus the creep strength of a material becomes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.9781627082006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.9781627081962
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005954
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
.... Chromium-molybdenum steels are widely used in the oil and gas industries and in fossil fuel and nuclear power plants. Various product forms and corresponding ASTM International specifications for these steels are given in Table 7 . Nominal chemical compositions for heat-resistant chromium-molybdenum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6