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superconductors

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Superconductors are materials that exhibit a complete disappearance of electrical resistivity on lowering the temperature below the critical temperature. A superconducting material must exhibit perfect diamagnetism, that is, the complete exclusion of an applied magnetic field from the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... superconductors and ferroelectric materials. angular distribution ferroelectric materials high-temperature superconductors particulates pulsed-laser deposition pulsed-laser deposition equipment PULSED-LASER DEPOSITION (PLD) is a physical vapor deposition (PVD) technique that has gained popularity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.9781627081627
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... lubricant may fail, and the properties of the wire may suffer. The design requirements of commercial superconductors have challenged metal extrusion and composite metal-drawing technology such that superconductors with 10,000 to 40,000 filaments, several microns in diameter, are available in wire...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., capacitive, conductive, resistive, sensor, electrooptic, and magnetic functions in a wide variety of electrical and electronic components. Perhaps the most significant development in the area of advanced ceramics has been the discovery of high-temperature superconductors. The development of structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... mechanical or thermal properties that cannot be obtained with single materials. Applications of bimetal or multimetal composites range from simple bimetallic thermostats to complex multifilamentary superconductors. Coextrusion, the simultaneous extrusion of two or more metals to form an integral product...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... applications, but TiO 2 is also being developed as an oxygen sensitive resistive sensor. Other categories of ceramic materials include ferrites and ceramic superconductors. Recent developments in ferrites have been related primarily to their use as recording heads, but research in the area of microwave...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... particles at solid/liquid interfaces. The physics of the problem is of direct relevance to such areas as solidification of metal-matrix composites, management of casting defects such as inclusions and porosity, development of high-temperature superconductor crystals with superior current-carrying capacity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... reviewed above for intermetallics. This has been shown ( Ref 95 ) to be beneficial for difficult-to-work materials such as high-strength aluminum alloys, titanium alloys, refractory metals and alloys, bimetallic products, and multifilament superconductors. The hot process has also been used for the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... (WDS) spectrum for analysis of YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7 -Al superconductor. LDE, layered dispersive element; TAP, thallium acid phthalate; LiF, lithium fluoride Because the WDS detector relies upon diffraction, it has excellent resolution, and the signal-to-noise ratio is superb. This allows for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... superconductors ( Ref 2 ). Postdeformation treatment also plays an important role. Low-temperature recovery annealing after multipass ECAE resulted in improved corrosion resistance ( Ref 21 ). It was found that ECAE followed by peak aging increases Young's modulus, thermal stability, and strength of Elinvar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... just a few atoms thick, on grain boundaries of nonoxide and oxide ceramics can promote creep and plastic stress relief at elevated temperature and affect ambient strength as well. High-temperature ceramic superconductors require close control of the formation of specific phases. Many commercial...
Book Chapter

By Donald M. Mattox
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... has been used to deposit high-quality high-temperature superconductor films at relatively low substrate temperatures ( Ref 93 ). Laser vaporization creates a large number of ions in the vapor “plume,” and these can be accelerated to the substrate surface. This technique has been used to deposit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... accommodate a large number of oxygen defects and remain stable. The cuprate-based oxide superconductors are of this class of structures. Compounds exhibiting this structure include CaTiO 3 , BaTiO 3 , SrTiO 3 , CdTiO 3 , PbTiO 3 , SrSnO 3 , CaZrO 3 , SrZrO 3 , PbZrO 3 , BaZrO 3 , CaSnO 3 , SrSnO 3 , BaSnO 3...
Book Chapter

By S.L. Rohde
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... layers in microelectronic circuits Thin-film layers in compact disks Transparent conducting electrodes Thin-film resistors and capacitors Piezoelectric transducers Amorphous optical films in integrated circuits Thin-film lasers Memory devices High-temperature superconductors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... chemical processing liquid metals NIOBIUM AND NIOBIUM ALLOYS have been used in a number of industrial and aerospace applications for over 40 years. Niobium use primarily includes rocket and jet engine applications, alloying of steels and superalloys, sodium vapor highway lighting, superconductors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-transition-temperature superconductor films. Surface geometry affects the growth of films by shadowing the surfaces from the depositing flux of atoms. Steps, vias, and grooves are of particular importance, and in order to get conformal coverage over such surfaces, the deposition often must be done at an...