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superconductivity

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract Superconductivity has been found in a wide range of materials, including pure metals, alloys, compounds, oxides, and organic materials. Providing information on the basic principles, this article discusses the theoretical background, types of superconductors, and critical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Superconductors are materials that exhibit a complete disappearance of electrical resistivity on lowering the temperature below the critical temperature. A superconducting material must exhibit perfect diamagnetism, that is, the complete exclusion of an applied magnetic field...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the history of superconductivity from its discovery in the early 1900s to the renewed interest in the mid-1980s spurred by the development of high-temperature superconducting devices. It identifies some of the materials in which superconductivity has been...
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 20 Modified jelly-roll process for producing superconducting multifilamentary wire More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., or 200 kG). This article discusses the fabrication methods of PbMo6S8 (PMS) and SnMo6S8 (SMS), including hot processing and cold processing. It provides a short note on the superconducting properties of PMS wire filaments and their applications in processes requiring high magnetic fields, such as high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract The discovery of the high-critical-temperature oxide superconductors has accelerated the interest for superconducting applications due to its higher-temperature operation at liquid nitrogen or above and thus reduces the refrigeration and liquid helium requirement. It also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., and greater compatibility with copper stabilizing materials. This article discusses the ramifications of design requirements, selection criteria and processing methods of superconducting fibers and matrix materials. It provides information on the various steps involved in the fabrication of superconducting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on different thin-film deposition techniques used to make superconducting films and discusses the properties and advantages of high-critical-temperature and low-critical-temperature materials in a number of applications, including signal processing...
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 16 Cross section of 3000 filaments of Nb 3 Sn in final conductor. Courtesy of Oxford Superconducting Technology More
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 15 Cross section of niobium filaments reacted with tin in the bronze substrate to form Nb 3 Sn. Courtesy of Oxford Superconducting Technology More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 14 Cross section of 500 niobium-titanium filaments separated by a copper substrate and enclosed within a copper-nickel tube. Courtesy of Oxford Superconducting Technology More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... A atoms centered in every face yielding orthogonal chain structures running through the crystal ( Fig. 1 ). Of 76 known A15 compounds, 46 are known to be superconducting ( Fig. 2 and Table 1 ). The A atoms are from the groups IVA, VA, and VIA transition metals, whereas the B atoms are from groups IIIB...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and electronics industry, namely, dielectric, piezoelectric, ferroelectric, sensing, magnetic and superconducting devices. advanced ceramics applications dielectric devices electric power industry electronics industry ferroelectric devices magnetic devices piezoelectric devices sensing devices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... It presents an overview of the processes, equipment, dies and die materials, and lubrication associated with drawing of rod, wire, bar, and tube. The article also provides a discussion on the design considerations and manufacturing of commercial superconducting multifilamentary conductors. bar drawing...
Book Chapter

By W.L. Johnson
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... that the amorphous films became superconducting at temperatures higher than those of the corresponding equilibrium phases. In addition, they were able to show that the amorphous films crystallized at relatively low temperatures. In the case of pure metals (for example, tin, lead, bismuth, and so on), crystallization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for possible application in the fabrication of thin-film superconductors at the time that bulk superconductors were being developed. Even though PLD was far from the advanced level of other film growth techniques, it was demonstrated that high-quality superconducting films could be reproducibly deposited...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... service (where temperatures can be as low as 4 K) provides opportunities to exploit special material properties associated with such low temperatures (superconductivity, for example). However, these opportunities must be weighed against some potential high penalties, such as the loss of structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... includes a trend band for yield strength versus toughness ( Ref 6 ). This alloy has a good balance of strength and toughness, and has found application as the structural case for large superconducting magnets. As its strength increases (through additions of nitrogen), its toughness decreases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... 26.2 99.8 62 26.55 (a) IACS, International Annealed Copper Standard. (b) At 20 °C (70 °F) Electrolytic Solution Potential −0.84 V versus 0.1 N calomel electrode in NaCl-H 2 O 2 solution Temperature of Superconductivity 1.2 K Magnetic Properties Magnetic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... of the superconductivity temperature. Hamel ( Ref 24 ) determined the effect of strain rate and orientation on the tensile properties and work hardening for samples of 99.99 and 99.3% aluminum sheet. Hammad and others ( Ref 25 ) investigated work softening yield points in 99.995% Al in the temperature range of 100 to 450...