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superconducting materials

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract This article reviews the history of superconductivity from its discovery in the early 1900s to the renewed interest in the mid-1980s spurred by the development of high-temperature superconducting devices. It identifies some of the materials in which superconductivity has been observed...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Superconductors are materials that exhibit a complete disappearance of electrical resistivity on lowering the temperature below the critical temperature. A superconducting material must exhibit perfect diamagnetism, that is, the complete exclusion of an applied magnetic field from...
Image
Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 3 The critical temperature for various superconducting materials as a function of their date of development. The open circles are metallic superconductors, while the closed circles are ceramic. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract This article focuses on different thin-film deposition techniques used to make superconducting films and discusses the properties and advantages of high-critical-temperature and low-critical-temperature materials in a number of applications, including signal processing and analog...
Image
Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 19 122 m (400 ft) drawbench (useful draw of over 60 m, or 195 ft) with a pulling force of 700 kN (80 tonf) used in the processing of superconducting materials. Courtesy of IGC Advanced Superconductors Inc. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract Superconductivity has been found in a wide range of materials, including pure metals, alloys, compounds, oxides, and organic materials. Providing information on the basic principles, this article discusses the theoretical background, types of superconductors, and critical parameters...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., and greater compatibility with copper stabilizing materials. This article discusses the ramifications of design requirements, selection criteria and processing methods of superconducting fibers and matrix materials. It provides information on the various steps involved in the fabrication of superconducting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... for microcracking. These processing problems, however, are balanced to some degree by the ability to produce a high percentage of single-phase material if the processing is properly followed. A fairly high 92 K superconducting transition and production of satisfactory critical current density in idealized thin-film...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... for the construction of a coil are still not met, significant progress has been achieved year after year. After a very general presentation of the materials, an overview of the present status of the superconducting applications of the monofilaments at the dawn of this new decade will be discussed. Ternary Molybdenum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... superconducting wire cannot be made from these materials after the intermetallic niobium-tin compound has been formed. The two constituents, niobium and tin, as well as the copper for the matrix, are ductile materials. The multifilament wire, therefore, is made with the three metals in separate form...
Image
Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 19 Schematic of the modified jelly roll process. Because niobium-tin wire is fragile and brittle, multifilament superconducting wire cannot be made from these materials after the intermetallic niobium-tin compound has been formed. The two constituents, niobium and tin, as well More
Image
Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 2 Schematic of the Meissner effect. (a) While in the superconducting state, a body of material (shaded circle) excludes a magnetic field (arrows) from its interior. (b) The magnetic field penetrates the same body of material once it becomes normally conductive. More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... superconducting devices CERAMIC MATERIALS serve important insulative, capacitive, conductive, resistive, sensor, electrooptic, and magnetic functions in a wide variety of electrical and electronic circuitry. Traditional voltage insulative uses have involved mainly dielectric isolation of conductors...
Image
Published: 01 January 1990
, and the magnetization is too small to be seen on this scale. (b) Type II. The applied field begins to enter the sample at a field H c1 that is lower than H c . Superconductivity persists in the mixed state up to a high field of H c2 , above which the material is a normal conductor. For a given value of H c More
Book Chapter

By W.L. Johnson
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
.... This includes a discussion of synthesis and processing methods, structure and morphology, and a description of the electronic, magnetic, thermodynamic, chemical, and mechanical properties of metallic glasses. In addition, the article describes the development of metallic glasses as materials for technical...
Image
Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 1 Examples of some of the many nonferrous alloys and special-purpose materials described in this Volume. Shown clockwise from the upper left-hand corner are: (1) a cross-section of a multifilament Nb 3 Sn superconducting wire, 1000×; (2) a high-temperature ceramic YBa 2 Cu 3 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... It presents an overview of the processes, equipment, dies and die materials, and lubrication associated with drawing of rod, wire, bar, and tube. The article also provides a discussion on the design considerations and manufacturing of commercial superconducting multifilamentary conductors. bar drawing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... as a new and important coating technology. The rapid development of the technique since 1987 is a combination of a materials need that could not be adequately met by conventional film growth techniques and the commercial availability of high-powered excimer lasers. Had high-temperature superconductivity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0005549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abbreviations and Symbols Greek Alphabet Tradenames ASM Handbook, Volume 2: Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials Copyright © 1990 ASM International® ASM Handbook Committee, p 1273-1277 All rights reserved. DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0005549...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... temperatures can be as low as 4 K) provides opportunities to exploit special material properties associated with such low temperatures (superconductivity, for example). However, these opportunities must be weighed against some potential high penalties, such as the loss of structural properties exhibited...