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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article is a compilation of binary alloy phase diagrams for which sulfur (S) is the first named element in the binary pair. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The atomic percent compositions are given in a secondary scale. For each binary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Pickling is the most common of several processes used to remove scale from steel surfaces. This article provides a discussion on pickling solutions, such as sulfuric and hydrochloric acid, and describes the role of inhibitors in acid pickling. It discusses the equipment and processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... Common GC detectors are the thermal conductivity cell detector, flame ionization detector, electron capture detector, sulfur chemiluminescence detector, and nitrogen-phosphorus detector. gas chromatography detectors gas chromatography CHROMATOGRAPHY is about separating (often...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract This article is an atlas of fractographs that helps in understanding the causes and mechanisms of fracture of sulfur concrete and asphalt and in identifying and interpreting the morphology of fracture surfaces. The fractographs illustrate the crystal morphology, noninterconnecting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Anodizing refers to conversion coating of the surface of aluminum and its alloys to porous aluminum oxide. This article provides the reasons for performing anodizing and discusses the three principal types of anodizing processes, namely, chromic acid process, sulfuric acid process, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... hafnium in specific media, namely, water, steam, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, alkalis, organics, molten metals, and gases. Forms of corrosion, namely, galvanic corrosion, crevice corrosion, and pitting corrosion are included. The article explains the corrosion of hafnium alloys such as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosive media include: hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrofluoric acid, hydrobromic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, salts, seawater, and alkalis. The modes of high-temperature corrosion include oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, sulfidation, nitridation, corrosion by halogens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article describes the specific features and mechanisms of oxidation in thermal spray coatings. It discusses the two forms of hot corrosion in sulfur-containing combustion, namely high-temperature hot corrosion and low-temperature hot corrosion. The article reviews the behavior of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... through acoustic method and bubble testing. The article gives a short note on types of leak detectors, sulfur hexafluoride detectors and mass-spectrometer. It tabulates the pressure and vacuum system leak-testing methods and discusses the application of gas detectors in leak testing. acoustic method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...  Concentrations above 50% Unblended chlorobutyl  Concentrations below 50% Natural rubber Blended chlorobutyl Hydrofluosilicic acid Blended chlorobutyl Sulfuric acid  Concentrations above 50% Rubber linings are not generally suitable.  Concentrations below 50% Blended chlorobutyl Hypalon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... ) Source: V.P. Bystrov, M.E. Aleksandrov, and I.K. Al'mukhamedov, An Examination of the Liquidus Surface of the Copper-Iron-Sulfur Diagram, Tsvetnye Metally , Vol 26, 1985, p 42–44 ( Ref 2 ) Source: V. Raghavan, Cu-Fe-S (Copper-Iron-Sulfur), J. Phase Equilib. Diff ., Vol 25, 2004, p 450–454 ( Ref...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000615
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... electron image of ENiCrFe-3 weld metal showing severe interdendritic attack. SEM, 65×. Fig. 825 : Sulfur map of field in Fig. 824 reveals high level of the element in interdendritic regions. Technique used was energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS). 65×. Fig. 826 : Backscattered electron image of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Permanganate test Positive for all alkenes Solubility in conc, sulfuric acid All alkenes dissolve Alkynes Bromine test Positive for all alkynes Permanganate test Positive for all alkynes Silver nitrate Positive for all terminal alkynes only Sodium metal addition Positive for all terminal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Table 1 Pickling conditions for copper-base materials Constituent or condition Amount or value Sulfuric acid bath Sulfuric acid (a) 15–20 vol% 35% hydrogen peroxide 3–5 vol% Water bal Temperature of solution Room temperature to 60 °C (140 °F) Immersion time 15...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... defense against contamination is careful selection of scrap. Purification is generally reserved for elements that are so pervasive that avoidance is impossible. This is exemplified by sulfur and oxygen removal from cast iron and steel, respectively, and removal of alkali and alkaline earth elements from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... sites. Most of these products are relatively insoluble lead salts that are deposited on the lead surface as impervious films, which tend to stifle further attack. The formation of such insoluble protective films is responsible for the high resistance of lead to corrosion by sulfuric (H 2 SO 4 ), chromic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 0.9 and 0.6%, depending on whether a ferritic or pearlitic structure is desired. The phosphorus content should be less than 0.06% to obtain maximum ductility from the matrix. Although CG iron has been produced from base irons having sulfur contents as high as 0.07 to 0.12%, it is probably more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... particularly suitable for handling reducing acids, which is difficult for most passive alloys. Protective oxide films are difficult to form on the surface of zirconium in a few media, such as hydrofluoric acid, concentrated sulfuric acid, and certain dry organic halides. Consequently, zirconium is not...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., nickel-manganese alloys have improved resistance to sulfur embrittlement when heated. Alloy layers 20 to 30 μm thick of nickel with about 15% Mo exhibit higher hardness and resistance to corrosion than pure nickel but at the expense of a reduction in ductility to around 1% ( Ref 1 ). Coatings of nickel...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and carburization action of the coke. The acid/base ratio of the slag affects the final composition of the iron. An increase in basicity reduces the final sulfur and increases the carbon in the iron. A decrease in silicon can accompany this increase in basicity because of increased oxidation losses...