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sulfidation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000615
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., fracture toughness, sulfidation corrosion failure, and interdendritic attack of gas sampling line couplings of coal-gasification pilot plants of these superalloys. couplings fractograph fracture modes fracture toughness iron-base alloys neutron irradiation effect sulfidation superalloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Cast stainless steels are usually specified on the basis of composition by using the alloy designation system established by the Alloy Casting Institute. This article discusses the corrosion behavior of heat-resistant alloys due to oxidation, sulfidation, and carburization. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... aqueous corrosion properties. Thermodynamic principles in the context of high-temperature corrosion and information on oxidation; sulfidation; hot corrosion of NiAl-, FeAl-, and TiAl-based intermetallics; and silicides are included. The article explores the thermodynamic consideration, ordering...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... sulfones, polyethylene terephthalates, thermoplastic polyimides, liquid crystal polymers, polyphenylene ether blends, polyphenylene sulfides, and polysulfones. acetals advanced thermoplastics applications commercial forms family characteristics fluoropolymers ionomers liquid crystal polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., sulfide stress-corrosion failure, stress-corrosion cracking, and hitch post shaft failure of these steels. The components considered in the article include tail-rotor drive-pinion shafts, pinion gears, outboard-motor crankshafts, bull gears, diesel engine bearing cap bolts, splined shafts, aircraft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosive media include: hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrofluoric acid, hydrobromic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, salts, seawater, and alkalis. The modes of high-temperature corrosion include oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, sulfidation, nitridation, corrosion by halogens...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... indigenous inclusions, most commonly manganese sulfide, to enhance machinability. Figure 18 illustrates the appearance of MnS in a free-machining steel. Some free-machining steels are also given deliberate additions of either lead or bismuth. Both of these elements are virtually insoluble in solid steel...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... 143 290 334 635 Polyphenylene sulfide 85 185 285 545 Polyamide-imide 277–289 530–550 (b) Polyether sulfone 225 435 (b) Polyether-imide 215 420 (b) Polysulfone 193 380 (b) Polyimide (thermoplastic) 280–330 535–625 (b) (a) T...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., such as an oxide, sulfide, carbonate, sulfate, chloride, or nitrate. This natural state is called an ore or a mineral. The process of dissociating these compounds and converting them into a metal (and a nonmetal) is known as extraction. The dissociation of the compound into metals and nonmetals is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... duplex types consisting of sulfide and aluminate phases. Decreasing the size and number of inclusions, and the number of inclusions formations, is responsible for the improved FCP behavior in the through-thickness orientations of calcium-treated steels. Direction of FCP is toward the top. Δ K = 26 MPa...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., cobalt, iridium compounds, iron oxides, manganese oxides, nickel oxides, pyrolusite, uranium oxide + copper oxide Bismuth salts, carbides, carbon, iridium sesquioxide, lead salts, molybdenum compounds, nickel oxide, sulfides, uranium oxide Gray Antimony gray, iridium oxide, osmium oxide, palladium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., hydrogen sulfide, or sodium nitrite solution. Bromides, Br – 1. Concentrated sulfuric acid Reddish-brown coloration, followed by reddish-brown vapors (hydrogen bromide + bromine) evolution 2. Manganese dioxide + sulfuric Reddish-brown bromine vapors evolve upon mild heating 3. Silver...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... establish their resistance to environmental cracking by conventional means, such as U-bend testing. However, data concerning chloride stress-corrosion cracking, sulfide stress cracking, and caustic stress cracking are available for the low-carbon Co-Cr-Mo and age-hardenable Co-Ni-Cr-Mo alloys. Reference...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... alloys magnesium alloys nonferrous alloys phase diagram steels thermochemical reaction rates cast metal INCLUSIONS can be defined as nonmetallic and sometimes intermetallic phases embedded in a metallic matrix. They are usually simple oxides, sulfides, nitrides, or their complexes in ferrous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... generally not aggressive to concrete or cement mortar linings unless unusual circumstances occur (such as when high dissolved CO 2 concentrations exist). Corrosive deterioration in wastewater collection system piping and tunnels typically occurs in headspaces where oxygen is present. This biogenic, sulfide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... note small microcracks through sulfide inclusions. SEM, 1,150×. (R.C. Voigt and B. Pourlaidian, University of Kansas) Cracking in 75-mm (3-in.) diam balls made of a high-chromium white iron when subjected to severe, repeated impacts in a laboratory test. Fig. 106 : Cracks through eutectic M 7 C 3...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003212
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... sulfidation, can be improved by selective surface treatments. Although the surface normally cannot be made totally independent from the bulk, the demands on surface and bulk properties are often quite different. For example, in the case of a turbine blade for a high-performance jet engine, the bulk of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...; the chemical-process industries; and certain marine applications. During the drilling and primary production of oil and gas, low-alloy steels are exposed to crude oil and gas formations containing varying amounts of hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S), carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), water, and chloride compounds...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... levels. Most of the corrosion-resistant alloys are primarily single-phase alloys that can be strengthened mainly by cold working. There are two main types of nickel ores: sulfide and oxide. Sulfide ores are most commonly extracted from underground mines with recovery by typical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Oxidation High-Temperature Gaseous Corrosion (section on High-Temperature Oxidation) 230 Sulfidation High-Temperature Gaseous Corrosion (section on Sulfidation) 230 Carburization High-Temperature Gaseous Corrosion (section on Carburization) 231 Localized corrosion Pitting Pitting...