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subzero-temperature properties

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... product forms of wrought stainless steels are plate, sheet, strip, foil, bar, wire, semifinished products, pipes, tubes, and tubing. The article describes tensile properties, elevated-temperature properties, subzero-temperature properties, physical properties, corrosion properties, and fatigue strength of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... properties of 2124-T851 at subzero temperatures are expected to be similar to those for 2024-T851. Several other aluminum alloys, including 2214, 2419, 7050, and 7475, were developed to obtain room-temperature fracture toughness superior to that of other 2 xxx - and 7 xxx -series alloys. More...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... by heat treatment and thermomechanical processing to enhance a specific property. Beta alloys: Have alloying that stabilizes significant amounts of beta phase at room temperature. However, the retained beta is still metastable. When these alloys are exposed to selected elevated temperatures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... room-temperature mechanical properties and fatigue endurance limits of stainless steels. Stainless steels are susceptible to embrittlement during thermal treatment or elevated-temperature service. The article discusses embrittlement in terms of sensitization, 475 deg C embrittlement, and sigma-phase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... (design) mechanical properties Typical properties Minimum and design properties, including Metallic Materials Properties Development and Standardization (MMPDS)/MIL-HDBK-5 ( Ref 6 ) and applicable ASTM International specifications ( Ref 4 ) Effects of subzero and elevated temperatures Impact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005982
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... transformation late in the quenching process is lost. Even if the oxidation is not severe enough to cause pearlite formation, surface M s temperatures may be raised by the removal of some quantity of an alloying element, resulting in a thin surface zone with lower compressive stresses. Subzero or cryogenic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... - Tensile, Creep and Stress Rupture Properties at Subzero and Elevated Temperatures , ASM International , Materials Park, OH , 1999 28. Kocks U.F. , Laws for Work-Hardening and Low-Temperature Creep , Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology , Vol 98 ( No. 1 ), Jan . 1976 , p...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... T5 150 22 110 16 2 58 70 … … T7 260 38 125 18 1 67 78 … … (a) Values are the same for tensile and compressive yield strengths. Table 23 Typical tensile properties of AM100A sand castings at elevated and subzero temperatures Testing temperature Tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., % Annealed 40–50 15–20 50–70 40% 80–90 50–60 15–20 70% 90–100 65–75 10–15 90% 120–140 100–120 8–12 Table 2 Mechanical properties of pure aluminum at room temperature Purity, % Tensile yield strength at 0.2% offset Tensile strength Elongation in 50 mm (2 in.), % MPa...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... toughness test. However, because of the ductility of ductile irons, most investigations of ferritic and pearlitic/ferritic irons have been conducted at subzero temperatures to obtain the necessary criteria of elastic behavior. Values ranging from 25 to 54 MPa m (23 to 49 ksi in . ) have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... steels (5% and 9% Ni steels) are too tough at room temperature for valid K Ic data to be obtained on specimens of reasonable size, but limited K Ic data have been obtained on these steels at subzero temperatures by the J-integral method. The 5% Ni steel retains relatively high fracture toughness at...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... ductility of ductile irons, most investigations of ferritic and pearlitic/ferritic irons have been conducted at subzero temperatures to obtain the necessary criteria of elastic behavior. Values ranging from 25 to 54 MPa m (23 to 49 ksi in. ) have been reported, with the higher values...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Mechanical properties are often the most important properties in the design and selection of engineering plastics. Temperature, molecular structure, crystallinity, viscoelasticity, and effects of environment, fillers and reinforcements are considered as the basic factors affecting the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...-hardened tempers usually are given a final elevated-temperature treatment, called stabilizing, to ensure stability of properties. Initial strength of heat-treatable (2 xxx, 4 xxx, 6 xxx, 7 xxx, and some 8 xxx ) alloys is enhanced by addition of alloying elements such as copper, magnesium, zinc, lithium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... by precision grinding to minimize work hardening at the apex of the notch. Austenitic manganese steel remains tough at subzero temperatures above the M s temperature. The steel is apparently immune to hydrogen embrittlement, although embrittlement has been produced in steels with low carbon...
Book Chapter

By Malcolm Blair
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
.... Highly stressed steel castings for aircraft and for high-pressure or high-temperature service must pass rigid nondestructive inspection. heat treatment high-carbon steel castings low-alloy steel castings low-carbon steel castings mechanical properties medium-carbon steel castings...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and subzero temperatures. ELI grades are used for critical applications where enhanced ductility and toughness are produced by keeping interstitials at a very low level. As in the wrought products, the Ti-6Al-4V alloy dominates casting applications and is the benchmark alloy against which others are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005985
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... stability, a subzero treatment −75 ± 10 °C (−100 ± 20 °F) is recommended; this should incorporate continuous cooling from the austenitizing temperature to the cold transformation temperature. Excessive austenitizing temperatures can cause the formation of undesirable δ-ferrite, as can low levels of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... and over 1725 MPa, or 250 ksi, for special forms such as wires and springs). Some titanium alloys (especially the low-interstitial alpha alloys) are also useful in subzero and cryogenic applications because these alpha alloys do not exhibit a ductile-brittle transition. Another important...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... low-temperature heat treatment at 230 to 290 °C (450 to 550 °F) to temper the martensite and to increase toughness. If retained austenite is present and the iron therefore has less than optimum hardness, a subzero treatment down to liquid nitrogen temperature can be employed to transform much of the...