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substructure

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Fig. 1 Classification of transformations by growth processes. Adapted from Ref 1 Abstract Abstract This introductory article provides basic information on the various aspects of solid-state transformation: multiphase microstructures, substructures, and crystallography, which assist...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... structure and substructure, are discussed. The article also describes the major types of multiphase structures and macrostructure of metals and alloys. References References 1. Mehl R.F. , A Brief History of the Science of Metals , American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... 120–300 Epoxy RT–177 RT–350 65–191 150–375 Bismaleimide 177–288 350–550 204–316 400–600 Cyanate ester 121–177 250–350 93–288 200–550 RT, room temperature Fig. 5 Molded locator features Fig. 4 Integral stiffening flanges Fig. 6 Steel substructure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... tensile load. (c) Radii close under compressive load Fig. 6 Combined loads acting on a curved laminate. P , in-plane load; V , shear load; M , end moment; p i , surface pressure Fig. 7 Flange curling induced by loads on a curved substructure Fig. 5 Development of radial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... concentrations. Source: Ref 44 Fig. 16 Schematic illustration of a G - R diagram showing regions of various substructural morphologies Fig. 17 Schematic illustration showing the relation between the heat-source travel speed ( S ) and growth rate ( R ) in terms of the angles α and β, where...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... , Deformation Twinning in Aluminum-4.8 wt.% Mg , Acta Metall. , Vol 36 , 1988 , p 1745 – 1754 10.1016/0001-6160(88)90242-8 62. Gray G.T. III , Follansbee P.S. , and Frantz C.E. , Effect of Residual Strain on the Substructure Development and Mechanical Response of Shock-Loaded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... (840 °F) for 260 h and 42 min. Well-developed recrystallized grains and recrystallization nuclei during their formation by subgrain coalescence in the recovered matrix still exhibit a “messy” substructure. Thin-foil TEM specimen prepared parallel to the rolling plane. Original magnification 7020...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... selection. Back counterboring is a condition that can occur when carbon/epoxy parts mate metal substructure parts. The back edge of the hole in the carbon/epoxy part can be eroded or radiused by metal chips being pulled through the composite. The condition is more prevalent when there are gaps between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... must take into account composite structure sensitivity, the engineer's desire for the truest simulation of the load distribution, and the cost of the test setup. Loading methods include: formers that contact the structure on the exterior where the surface is supported by substructure, direct fastening...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... lean manufacturing approaches incorporate low-cost tooling methodologies in the Integrated Product Team component design. This includes a tooling policy that standardizes the hard-tool interface for all outer skins and substructure. The skins are hard tooled to inner mold line and substructure is hard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000616
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... of sample tested at room temperature. Failure is surface-initiated stage I with stage I propagation until overload. 5.7×. Fig. 854 : Substructure of sample in Fig. 853 consists of dense, homogeneous dislocation tangles. Note well-defined slip bands that have sheared γ′ precipitates. TEM thin foil, 12,400...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... specifications permit part thickness to vary ±5%, fitup of joints is a problem, but it can be reduced by molding on faying surface tools. For mechanically fastened structures, the covers are frequently produced on molds having configurations that match the surface contacting the substructure (inner mold line...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... in the cell interiors (ρ i ), and immobile dislocations in the cell walls (ρ w ). Source: Ref 33 Fig. 16 (a) Transmission electron micrograph of an interstitial-free steel deformed 20% in tension at room temperature. (b) Dislocation substructure: cell block boundaries (CBBs) parallel to the {110...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and stringers Surface and intergranular Moisture trapped in insulation V RBR. BAS. Item replaced if damage is extensive Floor structures, lavatory floor, and substructure Surface, chemical attack, and exfoliation Paint failure from usage and spills V RBR. Install patches if beyond negligible damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... generally contain large grains and, in the absence of hafnium, cellular substructures ( Ref 2 ). The proportion of large grains is higher in alloys with low alloy contents, because of a narrow freezing range ( Ref 3 ) and a single-phase structure. Metallographic sections along the cell growth direction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Products Thermomechanical Treatment (Rolling) Transformation to Ferrite Precipitation and Substructural Strengthening High-Strength Low-Alloy (HSLA) Plate Products In contrast to the plate-rolling process, the thermomechanical treatment possible on a modern bar mill ( Fig. 12 ) is somewhat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-to-tip laminate, mechanically fastened to a multispar composite substructure; the design of the horizontal stabilizer is similar to that of the wing. Approximately 590 kg (1300 lb) of carbon-fiber epoxy is used on the AV-8B, providing a weight reduction of almost 225 kg (500 lb). On the F-18 aircraft...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... , Substructures of Thin-Plate Martensite Formed under Applied Plane Stress at 4 K , Scr. Met. Mater. , Vol 28 , 1993 , p 1423 – 1428 10.1016/0956-716X(93)90493-C 8. Wayman C.M. , The Phenomenological Theory of Martensite Crystallography: Interrelationships , Met. Mater. Trans. A, Phys. Metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... not teach the reader to perform analysis. A Beam Paradox The Basis of Finite Elements Continuum Elements Structural Elements Multipoint Constraints Linear versus Nonlinear Problems Solution of the System of Algebraic Equations Symmetry Superelements (Substructures) Finite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... tests conducted at 1100 °C at a strain rate of 1.0/s with an as-heated grain size of 135 10 −6 m Fig. 7 Typical stress-strain curve in a double-hit compression test Fig. 8 Depiction of a double-hit compression test Fig. 17 Representation of substructures in the approximate...