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substrate microstructure

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract This article briefly describes the basic attributes of chromate conversion coatings and the processes for applying them. It provides information on the influence of substrate microstructure on the performance of coating deposits and on the mechanism of substrate protection...
Book Chapter

By Jude Mary Runge
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
..., which are incoherent with respect to the substrate microstructure and their interfaces with the substrate matrix. Local changes in chemical potential cause changes in local interfacial resistance that make the interfacial oxidation reaction more complex. In addition to the structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... microscopy to determine the nature of the intermetallic compound formed by the reaction between tin or tin-lead coatings on various substrates. The article concludes with an illustration of the microstructures of tin-copper, tin-lead, tin-lead-cadmium, tin-antimony, tin-antimony-copper, tin-antimony-copper...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract One impressive example of plane front solidification (PFS) is the industrial production of large silicon single crystals, used mainly as substrates for integrated circuits. This article explores the PFS of a single phase, without taking convection into account. It discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... permeability A 342 P109 … Microstructure B 657 M202 4499 Poisson's ratio E 132 P105 … Transverse rupture strength B 406 P102 3327 Young's modulus E 111 P106 3312 (a) Cemented Carbides Producers Association Nominal composition and properties of representative cemented...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... permeability A 342 P109 … Microstructure B 657 M202 4499 Poisson's ratio E 132 P105 … Transverse rupture strength B 406 P102 3327 Young's modulus E 111 P106 3312 (a) Cemented Carbides Producers Association Properties of representative cobalt-bonded cemented carbides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... in the petrochemical industry. The article also discusses substrate chemistry and preparation; coating selection process and microstructure; sealing by chemical, post-heat treatments, and laser processing; and thermal spray process alternatives. coating compatibility corrosion corrosion control corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... at the surface, developing the microstructure on even the purest substrates ( Ref 7 ). Fig. 1 Schematic of atomic packing on different crystallographic planes in the fcc lattice. Because the atomic packing density is highest on the [1,1,1] plane (far right), it exhibits the highest chemical sensitivity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Substrate Microstructures CVD-PVD Combination Coatings Postcoat Surface Treatments The current status of quantitative metallography of cemented carbides is presented in Ref 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 . The important parameters measured are pore volume, binder volume fraction, binder mean free path...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... vapor deposition Physical vapor deposition (thermal evaporation, ion sputtering, ion plating) Surface modified coatings Diffusion-induced modification of chemical composition and/or microstructure of substrate Pack cementation Slurry cementation Metalliding Hot dipping Surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... of the components, parameters, and outcome of a laser deposition process Modeling of Laser Energy Absorption Rosenthal Solution Consistency of microstructure between the substrate and the deposit is fundamental in laser deposition. In this regard, the temperature gradient, G , and solidification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the microstructural units of the coating (e.g., columnar grains in PVD coatings or splats in plasma-sprayed materials) are moved with respect to their equilibrium positions by externally applied forces, which can be due to mechanical or thermal loading or the mismatch of properties with the substrate. Stresses can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005870
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...: Ref 43 Induction surface-hardening conditions Table 5 Induction surface-hardening conditions Sample Frequency, kHz Power, kW Heating time, s Maximum surface temperature, °C Prior microstructure 2 25 30 1.1 1016 Quenched and tempered 3 300 20 2.9 941 Quenched...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of contamination-feature length  Calculate ratio of contamination length to total length of coating/base-material interface Report result as percent of total interface length Source: Ref 13 Suitable etchants for microstructural analysis of thermal spray coating/substrate combinations Table 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., and chemistry of the microstructural phases. To counteract these disadvantages, powder metallurgy (PM) methods offer the alternative of admixing ceramic-like hard particles with a metallic powder, followed by compaction of the powder mixture by a sintering technique, thermal spraying, or deposition welding...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... data shown in Table 4 is due to the influence of variations in tribological conditions as well as design parameters such as coating thickness, substrate hardness, and complexities in the coating microstructure. These design parameters significantly influence the RCF failure modes, as discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Microstructure of laser-assisted functionally graded Ni-Cu-Al coating on Mg substrate: (a) low-magnification view of coating cross section, and (b) high magnification view of various coating layers. Source: Ref 103 Fig. 24 Micrographs illustrating effect of laser treatment on metallic glass...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
..., resulting in a track of deposited material adhered to the surface. Detailed studies on friction surfacing have shown good adhesion of the added material to the substrate as well as even microstructure within the deposited material. The process benefits from using large, readily available sections of solid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... a wide variety of dissimilar materials with a good metallurgical bond onto a range of substrates. Advantages include: Excellent bonding with no inclusions, porosity, or oxidation Dense, clean, and fine microstructures Deposition of nonweldable alloys No melting of materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Al-Cu 18 Fig. 6 Microstructure of a cold-sprayed copper coating on an aluminum substrate using nitrogen as the process gas. (a) As-polished. (b) Etched. Source: Ref 18 Fig. 7 Microstructure of a cold-sprayed type 316L stainless steel coating on an aluminum substrate using...