1-20 of 132 Search Results for

submerged-electrode furnaces

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Image
Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 2 Submerged-electrode furnace installation incorporating a top-loading door mechanism with rail traverse More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Batch furnaces and continuous furnaces are commonly used in heat treating. This article provides a detailed account of various heat treating equipment and its furnace types, including salt bath equipment (externally heated, immersed-electrode and submerged-electrode furnaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
..., submerged-electrode furnaces, immersed-electrode furnaces, and externally heated furnaces. It discusses the important applications of various furnace designs, including the austempering of ductile iron, the hardening of tool steels, and the isothermal annealing of high-alloy steels. case hardening...
Image
Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 9 Internally heated salt bath furnace with submerged electrodes. This furnace has a modified brick lining for use with carburizing salts. More
Image
Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 5 Internally heated salt bath furnace with submerged electrodes. This furnace has a modified brick lining for use with carburizing salts. More
Image
Published: 30 September 2014
temperature Service life, years °C °F Electrodes Refractories Furnace A (submerged electrode) 535–735 1000–1350 15–25 15–25 735–955 1350–1750 6–12 6–12 955–1175 1750–2150 5–7 5–7 1010–1285 1850–2350 2–4 2–4 Furnace B (submerged electrode) 535–735 1000 More
Image
Published: 01 January 1997
starting Touch and retract Preheat 79 °C (175 °F), then 121 °C (250 °F) (propane torch) Interpass temperature 260 °C (500 °F) Postheat 621±25 °C (1150±25 °F) (furnace), 1 h/25 mm (1 in.) of section Root passes (SMAW):  Power supply 300 A motor-generator  Electrode 4.8 mm ( 3 More
Image
Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 11 Large piston assembled by submerged arc welding (SAW). Low-carbon steel base metal; low-carbon steel filler metal (EL12). Source: Ref 15 Conditions for SAW Joint type Circumferential butt Weld type Single-U-groove, integral backing Joint preparation Machining More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... welding; GTAW, gas tungsten arc welding; GMAW, gas metal arc welding; FCAW, flux cored arc welding; SAW, submerged arc welding (b) Arc visibility is not applicable for SAW, as electrode placement is established prior to welding Arc Welding Fundamentals The basic arc welding circuit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.../16 in.) thick are usually made in the flat position. Submerged arc plug welds are made in the flat position by puddling the electrode into the center of the hole until the weld is complete. Surfacing welds are made with both wire and strip electrode. Surfacing is done to rebuild worn parts...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... All major additions are made to the furnace through the roof by swinging the roof out of the way and charging scrap, fluxes, and carbon from loaded buckets. The furnace has two or three electrodes mounted vertically through the roof of the furnace that float just above the surface of the cold...
Book Chapter

By Daryl D. Peter
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... applications. Electricity is conducted into the bath by either carbon or nickel electrodes that penetrate the furnace wall. Ultrasonic generators can also be incorporated into the molten metal processes to provide a scrubbing action. Fig. 2 Submerged-electrode furnace installation incorporating a top...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... by an arc established between a graphite electrode and, in the case of direct current furnaces, the charge. In the alternating current arc furnace, the arc is established between the electrodes through the charge. Types of Furnaces A cross section of an alternating current electric arc furnace...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... forms a melting chamber, the hearth of which is bowl shaped. Three carbon or graphite electrodes carry the current into the furnace. Steel, either solid or molten, is the common conductor for the current flowing between the electrodes. The metal is melted by arcs from the electrodes to the metal charge...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... fluidized-bed furnace of graphite Submerged Combustion Heating The technique of submerged combustion consists of passing the combustion products directly through the mass to be heated. This method provides an excellent rate of heat transfer and is now well established for a wide range of liquid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
.... It was not until after WWII that electric melting of glass evolved with the introduction of molybdenum electrodes. In 1952, Penberthy used submerged molybdenum rods to create all-electric and electric boosted melting furnaces ( Ref 3 ). Penberthy also worked on improving the efficiency of tin oxide electrodes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract This article describes some examples of the different welding processes for gray, ductile, and malleable irons. These processes include fusion welding, repair welding, shielded metal arc welding, gas metal arc welding, flux cored arc welding, gas tungsten arc welding, submerged arc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005643
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... shoes; filler wire fed into slag pool and melted by resistance heating; no arc Slag Carbon, low-alloy and high-alloy steel 50 mm (2.0 in.) and upward Welding thick sections for press frames, pressure vessels, shafts, etc.; foundry and steelworks applications; general engineering Submerged arc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... alloys. It provides information on gas-tungsten arc welding, gas-metal arc welding, plasma arc welding, shielded metal arc welding, and submerged arc welding for welding nickel alloys. The article reviews the defects encountered in the arc welding of nickel alloys, including porosity, cracking...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... must be put into the metal to accommodate temperature losses during transfer. Thus, shorter overall furnace melting cycles are possible. Because most metal-transfer pumping systems have submerged intakes, dross entrainment from the surface is avoided, providing better metal quality. Transfer pumping...