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stud welding

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the principles of operation, equipment needed, applications, and advantages and disadvantages of various fusion welding processes, namely, oxyfuel gas welding, electron beam welding, stud welding, laser beam welding, percussion welding, high-frequency welding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.9781627081740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.9781627081733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Arc welding methods can be classified into shielded metal arc welding, flux-cored arc welding, submerged arc welding, gas metal arc welding, gas tungsten arc welding, plasma arc welding, plasma-metal inert gas (MIG) welding, and electroslag and electrogas welding. This article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... horizontal tail-actuator shafts, bucket elevators, aircraft propellers, helicopter bolts, air flasks, tie rod ball studs, and spiral gears. aircraft landing gears alloy steel corrosion fatigue crack nucleation crankshafts ductile fracture fatigue fracture fractograph grain boundaries hydrogen...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... referred to as MIG welding (or metal inert gas welding) Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), which is also commonly referred to as TIG welding (or tungsten inert gas welding) Plasma arc welding (PAW) Plasma-MIG welding Electrogas welding (EGW) Stud arc welding (SW) Of these, the shielded...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... loads. As shown in Fig. 9 , spring-steel fasteners are simply pushed on over a molded stud. The stud should have a minimum 0.38 mm (0.015 in.) radius at its base. Too large a radius could create a thick section, resulting in sinks or voids in the molding. Fig. 9 Spring-steel fasteners Press...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... with the gentle heat of a slightly reducing oxyacetylene flame. Stud welding has been used, but it is not satisfactory, because the alloy adjacent to the stud is weakened and may break. When appropriate, zinc die castings can be bonded with a range of modern high-strength adhesives, particularly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and the liquid metal diffusion of almost pure tin with a trace of cadmium at the grain boundaries (arrows C). Scanning electron micrograph. Original magnification: 320×. (g) Fractured studs due to cadmium-induced LMIE during service at 315 °C (600 °F). (h) Optical micrograph showing intergranular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... that friction heating is the primary heat source in the friction-stir welding process. Deformation, latent heat, and eddy current are the primary volume heat sources. Deformation heat is important for large, localized deformation and fast processes, because the adiabatic heat will increase the local...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... reclaimed or repaired by welding may be subsequently heat treated to relieve residual stresses. Heat treatment also may be necessary for restoring the mechanical properties of the casting when these have been impaired or modified by preheating prior to welding, or for heat treating the weld zone as such...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Cleaning Systems” in this Volume. Acid descaling, or pickling, is the removal of heavy, tightly adherent oxide films resulting from hot-forming operations, thermal treatments (such as annealing or hardening), or welding ( Ref 4 ). Because most stainless steel products received from the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... points for ease of handling. The attachment of face sheet to rib can be accomplished either by welding or with mechanically fastened clips. (Less common alternatives are hooks that are stud welded to the face sheet and loops that are bolted to the ribs.) The face sheet is typically 6.4 mm (0.25 in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... electrical contact and must be capable of carrying required current without excessive heating. Prod contacts Welds, for cracks, inclusions, open roots, or inadequate joint penetration Circular field can be selectively directed to weld area by prod placement. In conjunction with half-wave current and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... on raised bosses may also help avoid common electrolyte contact, as would use of nylon washers, spacers, or similar moisture-impermeable gaskets. The use of studs in place of bolts will reduce the area of dissimilar metal exposed by up to 50% provided the captive ends of the studs are located in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... hardness values. Although rather wide variations in hardness are observed, resistance of the alloys to abrasion varies by only ∼15 to 20%. When subjected to wear by rubbing, by frequent removal of studs, or by heavy bearing loads, magnesium can be protected by inserts of steel, bronze, or nonmetallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... ). Greater contrast is obtained if all room lights are off. Fig. 19 Lighting for deeply etched specimens to show grain flow and inclusions Fig. 20 Effect of direction of lighting in revealing grain flow in a deeply etched section through a 1010 steel stud that was attached to another part by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... susceptibility, microbial activity, and chloride concentration. Field tests were carried out in five wastewater-treatment plants used for the aerobic degradation of waste ( Ref 45 ). Coupons from three grades of stainless steel, each with a weld, were mounted in the final settling tanks, which operated at...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., axles, ball studs, high-strength fasteners, railroad wheels, and oil well drilling equipment. Often it is applied only at a critical area, such as a fillet radius. Fig. 1 Fatique curves for peened and unpeened and steel spring wires Parts requiring shot peening should be clean, dry, and free...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.9781627082907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7