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structural laminates

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the unique characteristics of composites and laminated plates, including orthotropic, anisotropic, and unsymmetric plates. It discusses the stability issues associated with practical, structural laminates based on the finite stack effects and transverse...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article provides information on the thermoplastic resins used as matrix materials for continuous fiber reinforced composites. It focuses on the materials that are suitable for fabrication of structural laminates and used for aerospace applications. The article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...Abstract Abstract Knowledge of fatigue behavior at the laminate level is essential for understanding the fatigue life of a laminated composite structure. This article describes fatigue failure of composite laminates in terms of layer cracking, delamination, and fiber break and interface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... in structural performance can often be achieved. Because composite laminates are frequently laid up against the surface of a mold, the fibers will follow the contour of the mold and provide high in-plane strength and stiffness. However, maximum performance is not attained, and high matrix or fiber stresses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the basic components, such as laminate and ply, of continuous fiber composite. The article provides information on the core sample and ply analysis. It details producibility, flat-pattern evaluations, and laminate surface offset. The article discusses various interfaces, such as the structural analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... strand mat Fig. 8 Laminate consolidation using grooved metal roller After a curing 8 to 24 h at ambient temperature, the construction of the structural, or load- carrying, laminate can begin. Liquid resin, to which is added the recommended curing system, is applied onto the cured gel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... in compressive strength and tensile strength. The article reviews low velocity impacts in aircraft structures in terms of resin toughness, laminate thickness, specimen size and impactor mass, and post-impact fatigue. It explains the tension strength analysis, such as linear elastic fracture mechanics and R-curve...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... such as mechanistic or phenomenological, for composite materials under cyclic loading. composite structures damage tolerance delamination material degradation compression loading fatigue life bearing failure fatigue damage life prediction model quasi-isotropic laminate tension-compression fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article presents the basic guidelines considered in designing a composite structure, and the basic definitions of terms that apply to composites. It describes the analysis of a composite laminate based on stress-strain relationships, stress-strain load relationships...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... transverse compression damping capacity laminated plates woven fibrous composites sandwich laminates VIBRATIONAL AND DAMPING CHARACTERISTICS OF composites are important in many applications, including ground-based and airborne vehicles, space structures, and sporting goods. In response...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract Metal-matrix composites (MMCs) are used in structural applications, and in applications requiring wear resistance, thermal management, and weight savings. This article summarizes the mechanical and thermal properties of discontinuously reinforced aluminum MMCs, laminated...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... discusses the various parameters influencing drilling of dissimilar-material laminates. aluminum-aluminum oxide metal matrix composites aluminum-boron metal matrix composites aluminum-SiC metal matrix composites honeycomb structures machining metal matrix composites titanium-SiC metal matrix...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... such as vacuum bag curing versus autoclave curing, shop machining versus portable-equipment dressing of the damaged area, and precured versus co-cured adherends; and, finally, a group of inherent features, including the laminate material thickness, stacking order, structural form, accessibility, and protrusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and applications in other industries as well. A Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) proposed policy for the certification of materials for other planes, including acrobatic and commuter aircraft, recognizes that key properties of structural laminates must include impact-damage element strengths. The FAA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... performance requirements through the use of lamination theory. Lamination theory can be considered a form of structural analysis but can also be used when a structural material is being designed. This adds another level of effort to the design process but allows the structural material to be tailored...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... toughness and elongation to failure result in fewer microcracks due to thermal cycling and a more stable structure. Figure 3 compares microcracking of several CE and epoxy resins, all of which are space-qualified systems. The laminates were made using XN- 70A, a 690 GPa (100 × 10 6 psi) modulus pitch...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... The most recent aircraft designs include graphite/epoxy solid composite laminates in primary structures such as floor beams and other critical substructures. These uses demonstrate continued confidence in the capabilities of composite materials. However, the effort needed to maintain composite components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... fiber reinforced composites is currently an area characterized by very low use but very high interest. This Section addresses continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastics. The focus is on materials suitable for fabrication of structural laminates such as might be used for aerospace. The Section also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... polymer composites matrix damage multidirectional laminates physics-based approach structural design THIS ARTICLE presents a comprehendable and comprehensive physics-based approach for characterizing the strength of fiber-reinforced polymer composites. It begins with background information...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., and catalysts—are combined with BMI to obtain a product suitable for the application considered. The application areas for BMI resins are reinforced composites for printed circuit boards (with glass fabric), structural laminates (with glass, carbon, and aramid fibers), and moldings (with short fibers...