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stress-rupture failure

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract The principal types of elevated-temperature mechanical failure are creep and stress rupture, stress relaxation, low- and high-cycle fatigue, thermal fatigue, tension overload, and combinations of these, as modified by environment. This article briefly reviews the applied aspects...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Change in elastic modulus with temperature cannot be neglected at higher homologous temperatures. Parametric modeling of creep or stress-rupture behavior often normalizes the stress with the modulus. One way to avoid creep failure is to select the proper alloy based on parametric extrapolation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... fuel cells, and missile components. This article discusses high-temperature corrosion in boilers, diesel engines, gas turbines, and waste incinerators. Boilers are affected by stress rupture failures, waterside corrosion failures, fireside corrosion failures, and environmental cracking failures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... It is assumed that failure will occur when the effective strain reaches the uniaxial rupture strain value. The effective strain equation is almost identical with the respective stress equation ( Eq 2 ): (Eq 10) ε ¯ = 2 3 [ ( ε 1 − ε 2 ) 2 + ( ε 2 − ε 3 ) 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... 31 – 37 12. Broek D. , The Practical Use of Fracture Mechanics , Kluwer Academic Publishers , 1989 , p 433 – 434 13. Timmins P.F. , Fracture Mechanics and Failure Control for Inspectors and Engineers , ASM International , 1994 14. Murakami Y. , Stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., the principal design considerations are creep control, oxidation prevention through the use of oxidation-resistant materials or coatings, and selection of materials that have good stress-rupture and creep properties. The criteria for failure is (1) to not go below a minimum stress-rupture strength for a given...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... explains the failure of pressure vessels with emphasis on stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement, brittle and ductile fractures, creep and stress rupture, and fatigue with examples. brittle fracture composite creep rupture ductile fracture fabrication failure analysis fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... Failure mechanisms typically are classified according to temperature. At high temperature, damage mechanisms include embrittlement, creep, thermal fatigue, hot corrosion, oxidation, and erosion. At lower temperatures, corrosion, erosion, pitting, corrosion fatigue, stress corrosion, and hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that enable the failure analyst to determine the cause and suggest corrective action. The causes of failures include tube rupture, corrosion or scaling, fatigue, erosion, and stress-corrosion cracking. The article also describes the procedures for conducting a failure analysis. In steam-cooled tubes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... not. Because there was an applied tensile stress, liquid copper started to penetrate the austenite grain boundaries (liquid metal embrittlement). Meanwhile, the axle lost much of its strength, and the partially cracked axle ended its life as a hot torsion failure. In this case, rupture occurred about 17 miles...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... conditions, tensile and yield strengths often are insufficient requirements for design of failure-resistant structures. Brittle fracture also can occur if toughness, resistance to corrosion, stress corrosion, or fatigue resistance are reduced too much in achieving high strength. The fracture mechanic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... ASME) D , Vol 88 , Sept 1966 , p 624 – 636 10.1115/1.3645922 21. Martin J.A. et al. , Microstructural Alternations of Rolling Bearing Steel Undergoing Cyclic Stressing , J. Basic Eng. (Trans. ASME) D , Vol 88 , Sept 1966 , p 555 – 567 10.1115/1.3645902 22. Buchwald...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... at failure patterns ( Fig. 3 ). Early life failures are often associated with fabrication issues, quality-control issues, or initial “shakedown” stresses, while later life age-related failure rates would increase with time. This is discussed in more detail in the article “ Reliability-Centered Maintenance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to fracture of metals, including laps, seams, cold shuts, cracks, inclusions, porosity, fatigue, and stress corrosion cracking. failure analysis fractography macroscopic examination microscopic examination stress corrosion cracking surface defects visual examination EXAMINATION...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... may indeed have an imperfection or discontinuity, but it is not clear whether the imperfection is a defect (i.e., the cause of failure). For example, in some overload or fatigue failures the material performed to expectations, but it simply could not withstand the loads and stresses experienced during...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and Performance , Marcel Dekker, Inc. , 1994 10. Pilkey W.D. , Peterson’s Stress Concentration Factors , 2nd ed. , John Wiley & Sons, Inc. , 1997 10.1002/9780470172674 11. Hales C. and Pattin C. , Design Review for Failure Analysis and Prevention , Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mechanics fracture modes fracture surface lubricants macroscopic examination mechanical testing microscopic examination nondestructive inspection sampling simulated-service testing stress analysis wear failure ANALYZING the inevitable failures that occur during testing, manufacturing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... analysis stress-induced failure FAILURE ANALYSIS, like any analysis, is directed toward acquiring specified information. For the field engineer this may include the suitability of a particular material for an intended application, the appropriateness of the design of a part, the competence with which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2