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stress relief

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... of quenching medium Oven stress-relief temperatures and times for wire Table 2 Oven stress-relief temperatures and times for wire Material Specification Temperature Time, min °C °F Beryllium-copper ASTM B134 or ASTM B197 315 600 120 Blue temper N/A 230 450 30 Brass wire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005506
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... behavior and trivial loading and boundary conditions. The article discusses approximate and advanced solution techniques that can be employed in practice for simulation of residual stress relief: finite-difference method and finite-element method. It also describes advanced techniques applicable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... described. The article shows why thermal stress relief is not a feasible stress-reduction technology for precipitation-hardened alloys. It examines the consequences of aging treatments on the residual stress, namely, annealing, precipitation heat treatment, and cryogenic treatment. The article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of and the strain basis for residual stress measurements and describes the nature of residual stress fields. A generic destructive stress relief procedure is described along with the issues generally involved in each procedural step. The article presents the stress reconstruction equations to be used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002493
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... with a discussion on the operations involved in thermal and mechanical stress-relief methods. distortions finite element method mechanical stress relief methods residual stress thermal stress-relief methods ALL THERMO-MECHANICAL manufacturing processes—such as forging, extrusion, casting, heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... 1170 170 1170 170 Source: Ref 17 Recommended stress-relief treatment for titanium and titanium alloys Table 7 Recommended stress-relief treatment for titanium and titanium alloys Alloy Temperature Time, h °C °F Commercially pure titanium (all grades) 480–595 900...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and solidification in the DC process are summarized. The article explains continuous processes, namely, twin-roll strip casting, slab casting, and wheel-belt processes. It concludes with information on postsolidification processes, including stress relief and scalping, and a discussion of safety practices for ingot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
.... It briefly discusses the Unified Numbering System designations, compositions, and classifications of wrought brasses and cast brasses. The article provides a discussion on annealing, recrystallization, and grain growth of wrought brasses. Stress relief of wrought brasses, which is typically conducted below...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... shear spun at 538 °C (1000 °F) Table 5 Results of pressure vessel tests on three titanium alloys shear spun at 538 °C (1000 °F) Alloy Anneal or stress relief 0.2% yield strength Calculated anisotropy parameter ( R ) Uniaxial 1:2 stress ratio °C °F MPa ksi MPa ksi Ti-5Al...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a detailed discussion on heat treatment of titanium alloys such as alpha alloys, alpha-beta alloys, and beta and near-beta alloys. Common processes include stress-relief, annealing, solution treating, aging, quenching, and age hardening. It provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
...Abstract Abstract Cold treating of steel can be used to enhance the transformation of austenite to martensite and improve the stress relief of castings and machined parts. Cryogenic treatment of steel is a distinct process that uses extreme cold to modify the performance of materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... the molten metal processing and ingot casting process in terms of open-mold casting and direct chill process. The article examines the continuous processes that provide commercial alternatives to conventional ingot casting. It reviews the postsolidification processes in terms of stress relief, homogenization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... aged to a substantially stable condition 2219, alclad 2219 Sheet; extruded tube, wire, rod, bar, and profiles T351 Solution heat treated, stretched a controlled amount for stress relief, and naturally aged (no further straightening after stretching) 2024, alclad 2024, 2124, 2219 Plate; rolled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... heat treatment is sometimes used to provide stress relief. Complete stress relief can be achieved with full solution anneal, which also gives the alloy an optimal metallurgical condition. Solution annealing will eliminate any prior cold work by recrystallization and will dissolve secondary M 23 C 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006531
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
..., and profiles (2024 only) T31 Solution heat treated, cold worked ∼1%, and naturally aged to a substantially stable condition 2219, alclad 2219 Sheet; extruded tube, wire, rod, bar, and profiles T351 Solution heat treated, stretched a controlled amount for stress relief, and naturally aged (no further...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... carbides with the retention of pearlite for strength and hardness 870–950 1600–1750 1–3 h plus 1 h/2.54 cm (1 in.) of cross section (c) Air cool from annealing temperature to below 480 °C (900 °F). May require subsequent stress relief (a) Preferred temperature of castings is dependent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005945
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... for gray and ductile iron castings Table 2 Examples of stress-relieving treatments for gray and ductile iron castings Type and class of casting Range of section thickness Recommended stress relief cycle (a) Unalloyed gray irons <50 mm (2 in.) 2 h at 565–579 °C (1050–1075 °F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006561
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... components due to harmful reactions of loose powder hidden in blind holes of the build plate blown throughout the furnace during the vacuum evacuation Fig. 2 Illustration of the effect of a stress-relief heat treatment on strain in laser-melted iron parts. Source: Ref 3 Fig. 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... data are in °R), t is time in hours, and C is a constant (from 15 to 25, and often set at 20 for nominal calculations). Thus, if a desired degree of stress relief is achieved in 6 h at 1100 °F (1560 °R, 593 °C, 866 K), then the Rankine-based Larson-Miller parameter for this stress-relief response...