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stress relaxation testing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... stress stress relaxation thermal gradient THE PRESENCE OF MACROSCOPIC RESIDUAL STRESSES in heat treatable aluminum alloys can give rise to machining distortion, dimensional instability, and increased susceptibility to in-service fatigue and stress-corrosion cracking. Residual stresses arise during...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Tensile-stress-relaxation data for selected types of copper wire Material Temper Length of test, h Temperature Initial stress Percent of initial stress remaining after: °C °F MPa ksi 10,000 h 40 years 0.25 mm (0.01 in.) diameter wire C10200, tinned O61 10,000 27 80 41.0...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... annealing ( Ref 6 and 7 ). Figure 6 illustrates these effects for copper alloyed with 5% Sn (C51000). Fig. 5 Stress relaxation in C17200 at two levels of initial stress. Data are for beryllium copper (1.9% Be) strip, 0.38 mm (0.015 in.) thick. Open symbols represent initial test stress equal to...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-relaxation testing. Shear testing, torsion testing, and formability testing are also discussed. The discussion of tension testing includes information about stress-strain curves and the properties described by them. compression testing fatigue testing formability testing fracture testing hardness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract The principal types of elevated-temperature mechanical failure are creep and stress rupture, stress relaxation, low- and high-cycle fatigue, thermal fatigue, tension overload, and combinations of these, as modified by environment. This article briefly reviews the applied aspects of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... XRD residual-stress measurement are then presented. The article provides information on measurement of subsurface stress gradients and stress relaxation caused by layer removal. The article concludes with a section on examples of applications of XRD residual-stress measurement that are typical of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and temperature dependence of the relationship between stress and strain may be superposable and therefore essentially equivalent ( Ref 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 ). Time- and temperature-dependent viscoelastic properties can be examined experimentally by creep and stress relaxation tests and by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... relative humidity at temperatures above 100 °C (212 °F) in an autoclave. Such tests are known as highly accelerated stress tests (HAST), or “pressure-cooker” tests. THB and HAST tests are rigorous; materials that pass them rarely fail in the field. However, it should be noted that failure mechanisms...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...: Identification of crystalline phases Quantitative analysis of mixtures of phases Precision measurement of lattice parameters Determination of the degree of preferred orientation in polycrystalline materials Estimation of mean size of very small crystalline particles, lattice strain, residual stresses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... residual stresses may have changed or relaxed considerably upon failure. In certain instances, a map of the residual stresses as a function of distance from the failure location using microstress measurement techniques can indicate the extent of the stress and/or stress gradients local to the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coatings. Furthermore, x-ray diffraction is inapplicable to amorphous coatings, and a large scatter in stress measurement is often encountered in coatings with large grain size. The hole-drilling method for measuring residual stresses involves drilling a shallow hole in the test specimen to a depth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... material necking in the simple cross section of a tensile testing specimen (for example, see Fig. 166 in “Medium-Carbon Steels: Atlas of Fractographs,” Fractography , Volume 12 of the ASM Handbook , 1987). The other fracture mode is plane-stress fracture (mode II fracture), which manifests itself as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... thermal stresses are expected to relax due to loss of stiffness of the system. Therefore, crack growth will result in decreasing stress magnitude of the relaxed stress due to crack growth. Thermal stresses closely approximate constant deflection conditions. Therefore, it was assumed that the crack mouth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... these fully evaluated the loads and stresses on the gusset plates nor correctly identified signs of excessive loads. If any of these had not assumed that the gussets were better than the members and performed calculations on the gusset plate stress, they would have quickly realized the error...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-corrosion cracking in various industrial and chemical environments. It concludes with a discussion on various corrosion testing methods, including aqueous corrosion testing, dynamic corrosion tests, and stress-corrosion testing. aqueous corrosion testing copper copper alloys dynamic corrosion tests...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005950
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... phenomena involved. Simulation results were commonly confirmed by microstructural analysis, hardness tests, and dimensional and x-ray diffraction (XRD) residual stress measurements. Although some results (such as prediction of temperature history, hardness distributions, and volume changes) were promising...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... “Stress Relief of Titanium Alloys ” in this article. X-ray diffraction is a common non-destructive testing method used to measure the efficiency of a stress relieve cycle. No significant changes in microstructure due to stress-relief heat treatments can be detected by optical microscopy. While x-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the metal is covered by a very thin protective metal fluoride film. As the substrate is consumed, a freestanding film is produced. The most direct way to obtain the stress-strain relations of thin films in tension is by uniaxial testing. In principle, this procedure is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... under uniaxial versus multiaxial tensile-stress conditions. Mesoscale models incorporate the influence of local microstructure and texture on cavitation. The article outlines the descriptions of cavity coalescence and shrinkage. It also describes the simulation of the tension test to predict tensile...