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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... are reviewed. These include scratches, fiber pull-out, matrix smears, streaks, erosion of different phases, and fiber and sample edge rounding and relief. References References 1. Hayes B.S. and Gammon L.M. , Microscopy , Composites , Vol 21 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2001...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and must be free of all oil, grease, dirt, mill scale, rust, corrosion products, oxides, old paint, stains, streaks, or any other foreign matter. Visual standards: SSPC-VIS 1—ASa3, BSa3, CSa3, and DSa3 (a) ; NACE 1 Commercial blast cleaning SSPC-SP6; NACE 3 Used to remove all contaminants from surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., pearlite, and bainitic segregation streaks, respectively. The magnification bar is 50 μm. (b) Specimen containing segregation etched with Klemm's I and viewed in polarized light plus sensitive tint. The normal structure is ferrite and pearlite, but bainite (arrow) is observed in the segregated regions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... by the arrow in Fig. 33 . Courtesy of T.J. Headley Fig. 35 Diffraction pattern from a specimen of shock-loaded Nitronic 40. The streaking is due to precipitation of a coherent second phase and deformation-induced twinning. The shape of the coherent precipitates and the elastic strain they induce...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of 1.59 mm (0.06 in.). The shell, bottom, and roof were made of A36 carbon steel. The operating pressure of the tank was 13.8 kPa (2.0 psi) at 93 °C (200 °F). Following an internal inspection of the equalization tank, scattered pitting in the shapes of grooves or streaks was found throughout the upper...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
..., the material exhibits very poor forming qualities. Due to the elaborate annealing and stabilizing treatment required, severe forming in its annealed O temper condition is impractical. Rubber forming or streaking is usually conducted at a temperature between 120 and 230 °C (250 and 450 °F). Solution...
Book Chapter

By Samuel M. Purdy
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003750
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... a large area, that is, structures such as columnar structure, flow lines, dendrites, and other features that may not be recognizable at normal microscopical magnifications. Chemical segregation, coring, inclusion streaks, and depth of decarburization, which would be missed in a microscopic specimen, can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... rinse additives are available that help to reduce the dragout and streaking problems caused by the high viscosity of the etchant. Heating the first alkaline rinse to 32 to 38 °C (90 to 100 °F) will aid in rinsing the highly viscous caustic. The second type of sodium hydroxide etch is the caustic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... operators performing cleaning operations in open and confined areas Dry residue Apply candidate cleaners to a cleaned reflective surface. Allow to evaporate. Observe for residue and/or streaking. Composition Chromatography, ASTM D 3545; infrared analysis, ASTM E 1252 Water content ASTM D 1364...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... the same strength as aluminum 3003 and can be formed easily in the softer tempers. Unlike other aluminum alloys high in magnesium, it does not have the usual dark coloration and is well suited for anodizing applications. It exhibits less tendency toward structural streaking and is clearer and lighter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... velocimeters ( Ref 11 ), streak photography ( Ref 12 , 13 ), pitot-static tube ( Ref 14 ), electromagnetic current meter ( Ref 15 ), hot-film anemometer ( Ref 11 ), and laser Doppler velocimetry ( Ref 8 , Ref 9 , Ref 10 , Ref 11 ). Although none of these methods are generally unsuitable for continuously...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... 75×. Courtesy of P.N. Mincer Fig. 22 Shear bands (light streaks) in electrolytic magnesium cold rolled 50%, photographed with polarized light through a blue interference filter. Acetic-picral etchant (ASTM 127). Original magnification 100×. Courtesy of S.L. Couling Fig. 24 Curly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... A small defect in design, installation, workmanship, or maintenance can result in water penetration. Evidence of moisture in uncoated or previously coated concrete can be seen by streaks of efflorescence or, in extreme cases, blistering and peeling of the coating film. Methods of moisture detection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., dirt, rust, coating, oxides, mill scale, corrosion products, and other foreign matter, except for random staining. Random staining shall be limited to no more than 33% of each unit area of surface and may consist of light shadows, slight streaks, or minor discolorations caused by stains of rust, stains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003694
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... and must be free of all oil, grease, dirt, mill scale, rust, corrosion products, oxides, old paint, stains, streaks, or any other foreign matter. Visual standards: SSPC-VIS I—ASa3, BSa3, CSa3, and DSa3 (a) ; NACE 1 Commercial blast cleaning SSPC-SP6; NACE 3 Used to remove all contaminants from surface...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... then formed around all these fronts. This fills the bottom area of the fractograph. Figure 10 shows light streaks arranged in a diagonal direction on the wire surface. The streaks are parallel to the wire axis. A darker depressed area is visible between the streaks and below the center...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... and classify the spreading defects into six different classes based on the process error that created that defect. The machine-learning algorithm was trained by using a database of image patches representing six types of defects: recoater hopping, recoater streaking, debris, superelevation, part failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...: Ref 10 Fig. 34 Rust-colored streaks transverse to horizontal weld seams in the sidewall of a type 316L stainless steel tank. Source: Ref 10 Fig. 35 Close-up of the rust-colored streaks shown in Fig. 34 . Source: Ref 10 Fig. 7 Effects of various welding techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... specimen. Direction of FCP is toward the top. This “streaking” in the FCP direction (and the major hot-rolling direction) is associated with inclusion formations present on the vertical faces of long protrusions or depressions, which also extend in the FCP direction. SEM, 53×. Fig. 580 : Same as Fig. 579...