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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... +0.250 V −1.100 V (a) Standard hydrogen electrode (SHE), also called normal hydrogen electrode (NHE). See the article “Reference Electrodes” in Volume 13B for temperature coefficients. Industry standards for storage tanks Table 5 Industry standards for storage tanks Standard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... polyurethane N/A … Basins or structures Interior Concrete Abrasive blast or UV water blast clean to SSPC-SP 13 Epoxy Epoxy Epoxy … Steel water storage tanks Interior Steel Abrasive blast clean to SSPC-SP 5 Epoxy Epoxy Epoxy Refer to AWWA D102 Steel water storage tanks Interior Steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract A variety of electrochemical techniques are used to detect and monitor material deterioration in service or in the field. This article describes the static or direct current measurements in a number of applications, including buried pipelines and storage tanks. It reviews...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Fig. 1 (a) Ductile failure versus (b) brittle fracture. Source: Ref 2 . Used with permission from Hydrocarbon Processing , Gulf Energy Information Fig. 3 Photograph of Ashland Oil diesel storage tank failure in 1988. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 2 Photograph of Robert Jenkins...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... the lining. Common uses of neoprene are: Seawater piping Tumbling barrels Services that contain small amounts of oil or other hydrocarbons Caustic storage tanks Advantages of chlorobutyl are: Excellent oxidation and ozone resistance Very low permeation rate Low water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... “Standard Specifications for Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Polyester Underground Petroleum Storage Tanks,” D 4021-81, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM 10. Race T. , Kumar A. , Weber R. , and Stephenson L.D. , “Overcoating of Lead-Based Paint on Steel Structures,” ERDC-CERL TR-03...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... with anodic protection ( Ref 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 ). These organizations have applied anodic protection to storage vessels and heat exchangers in the manufacturing process. Anodic protection has also been applied in the pulp and paper industry. Digesters and storage tanks holding green and white kraft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... in the nuclear power plant Reactor component Reactor type BWR PWR Service water piping upstream of SR equipment • • Service water pump internal surfaces • • Service water heat exchanger internals • • Refuel cavity water storage tank lining • • Reactor condensate water storage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... of propellant tanks ( Ref 3 ) and storage tanks for liquid nitrogen and oxygen ( Ref 2 ). Its high temperature capability also makes it a candidate material for the fabrication of large molds for polymer casting ( Ref 4 ). Alloy plate can be specified per MIL-A-46192 (armor plate), and design allowable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... are described in Ref 2 . Additional safety information is available from the manufacturer. Concentrated HCl is transported and stored in rubber-lined or fiberglass-reinforced plastic (FRP) tanks, although plastic-fabricated polyester-reinforced thermoset plastic storage tanks have also been used. Pipelines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... monoxide and 25 ppm ammonia (TWA) Protection from poisoning by raw ammonia, methanol vapor, or contact with liquid ammonia or methanol is provided in part by the design of the storage and delivery system. Suppliers are excellent sources of detailed safety information on ammonia and methanol systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... the integrity of deaerator tanks. As a result, many operators have discovered serious cracking. The following example illustrates the problem ( Ref 11 ). Two deaerator vessels with associated boiler feedwater storage tanks operated in similar service at a refinery. The vertical deaerator vessels were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... was amended in 1984 with the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA), and it now controls the generation, treatment, storage, transportation, disposal, training, and labeling of waste. It also controls underground storage tanks, sumps, pollution prevention, recyclers, and transporters of waste...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... protection market is taken up by sacrificial anodes at $60 million, of which magnesium has the greatest market share. Major markets for sacrificial anodes are the water heater market and the underground storage tank market. The cost of installation of the various cathodic protection components...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of a Corrosion Failure of an Aboveground Storage Tank A failure of an aboveground storage tank occurred due to external corrosion of the tank floor. The liquid asphalt tank operated at elevated temperatures (approximately 177 °C, or 350 °F) and had been in service for six years. Cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... – 121 52. Cole P.T. , Acoustic Emission Technology and Economics Applied to Pressure Vessels and Storage Tanks , Proceedings of the Fourth European Conference on Nondestructive Testing , 1987 ( London ), Pergamon Press, p 2892 53. Carlyle J.M. , Evans R.S...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... temperatures, and the impact of winter darkness. Gratings used around fuel storage tanks and the stairs to living quarters should be designed and constructed so that there are no crevices or holding areas that will retain deicing chemicals or salt-laden moist marine air ( Ref 1 ). Chemicals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... the size of the cooler and to determine whether a storage tank is necessary. Adequate space should be provided around the workpiece to obtain quenchant circulation and maximum heat-removal rate from quenched parts. Hot and plastic workpieces should not be allowed to impact on a chute or conveyor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006701
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... kettles, pumps, stills, condensers, shipping drums, tanks for tank cars, and plant and field storage tanks. Equivalent designations include: UNS: A95254 Canada: CSA GR40 Alloy 5254 composition limits Table 1 Alloy 5254 composition limits Element Limits Si, Fe 0.45 Si max...
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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... (15,000 gal) upright storage tank. Although rotational molding produces uniform wall thickness, corners can have greater variation than the rest of the part. A sharp, inside corner, shown in Fig. 4 , tends to heat at a slower rate, and the plastic flows away from it, making it thinner. Sharp, outside...