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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the influence of various work material properties, namely, hardness; toughness; stiffness; ductility; thermal, electrical, and magnetic properties; and microstructure effects on finishing methods. It also addresses the relative response of work materials, such...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Titanium and its alloys are used in various applications owing to its high strength, stiffness, good toughness, low density, and good corrosion resistance. This article discusses the applications of titanium and titanium alloys in gas turbine engine components, aerospace pressure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... alloys, including corrosion-resistant alloys (stress-corrosion cracking), elevated-temperature alloys, and low density/high-stiffness alloys. chemical composition corrosion-resistant alloys elevated-temperature alloys high-performance aluminum alloy low density/high-stiffness alloys powder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article examines the deformation processes in metal-forming operations and considers the effects introduced by scale factors when microforming. It discusses the process parameters and variables affecting surface interactions, including temperature, speed, reduction, stiffness, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Advanced thermoplastics are stiff, moldable plastics that compete with traditional engineering thermoplastics and thermosets owing to their good tensile, compressive, impact, and shear strength, electrical properties, and corrosion resistance. This article discusses commercial forms...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Carbon-carbon composites (CCCs) are introduced in fields that require their high specific strength and stiffness, in combination with their thermoshock resistance, chemical resistance, and fracture toughness, especially at high temperatures. The use of CCCs has expanded as the price of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003974
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Fig. 7 Variation of strokes per minute with the energy available for forming in a 500 ton mechanical press. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 8 Effect of press stiffness C on contact time under pressure t p . (a) Stiffer press (larger C ). (b) Less stiff press (smaller C ). S r and S th are...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... compared to a pattern determined from acceptable parts used in pattern-recognition training. Resonant frequencies are determined by the dimensions and material properties of the “whole part” according to Eq 1 : (Eq 1) f r = k / m where f r is the resonant frequency, k is the stiffness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...). Modulus as a function of time or temperature is measured and provides information on phase transitions. DMA technology is well suited for applications where maximum accuracy is required and the material has to be characterized over a wide range of stiffness and/or frequency. In addition, DMA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... stability, ethylene oxide sterilizable −40 (flexible) −40 Novablend, APEX 80–90 (rigid) 180–190 Polystyrene PS Albis, API, INEOS, Supreme Moisture and gamma radiation resistant, high stiffness 90–100 190–210 Polymethyl methacrylate PMMA ACRYLITE, CYROLITE Exceptional clarity, optical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... under constant pressure for materials development in order to achieve improved performance. Aluminum alloys, which provide high strength and fairly high stiffness at low weight, have provided good performance and have been the main materials used in aircraft structures over the years. However, World War...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... detectability depends on crack position and orientation (due to resonant mode shape and local stiffness), as well as crack morphology including closure state. In vibrothermography, a thermal camera detects crack and delamination heating. Heat from crack and delamination faces is conducted through the bulk...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... is an extremely lightweight structure that exhibits high stiffness and strength-to-weight ratios. Fig. 1 Example of a bonded sandwich assembly In addition to use in sandwich panels, honeycomb is used for energy absorption, radio frequency shielding, light diffusion, and to direct air flow...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... stiffness in the part, just as ribs are used for this purpose in injection molding. A tack point is formed when one of the surfaces is indented to meet the other surface during the blow-molding process. The two internal surfaces of the hot parison must meet with enough pressure to form a weld. A visible...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of providing higher-temperature operating limits than their base metal counterparts, and they can be tailored to give improved strength, stiffness, thermal conductivity, abrasion resistance, creep resistance, or dimensional stability. Unlike polymer-matrix composites, they are nonflammable, do not...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... processing characteristics, moderate stiffness, superior low-temperature impact strength, very good environmental stress-cracking (ESC) resistance, and excellent all-around toughness. High-density polyethylene (HDPE) is used in applications requiring hardness and stiffness characteristics, because it is the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... is directed toward optimizing the properties that might be attainable using the basic structure of the polymer. For example, special processing techniques are used to produce polymer fibers. Such fibers have substantially greater stiffness and strength along their length than do the unoriented...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... 383 aluminum alloy may be due to its higher silicon level (versus A356.2), which contributes to increased strength and stiffness by reducing the level of porosity (fluidity increases with increasing silicon) and pore size. Table 2 compares wear properties of select aluminum alloys and processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003986
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... machine stiffness Ram guidance During forging Workpiece temperature  Flow stress  Scale  Shrinkage Billet or preform volume Lubrication Die temperature Die wear After forging Trimming Heat treatments Cooling process Cleaning process Sizing Finish machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... desirable characteristics, including lightness, high strength and stiffness, adaptability, ease of prefabrication and mass production, dimensional stability (non-shrinking and noncreeping at ambient temperatures), durability (termite-proof, rot-proof), abrasion resistance, availability, uniform quality, and...