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steel automotive spindle

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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 1 Cross-section of a surface-hardened high-carbon steel automotive spindle More
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... bronze suction roll steel automotive spindle Introduction Failure analysis of cast components typically is conducted in accordance with the techniques described in several articles in Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 of the ASM Handbook ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ). The objective...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fracture, brittle fracture, and in-service rotary bending fatigue fracture of fractured roof-truss angles, pressure-vessel shells, automotive axle shafts, broken keyed spindles, crane gears, blooming-mill spindles, automotive bolts, and crane wheels of these steels. axle shafts brittle fracture...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Parameters An automotive parts supplier used a drill with disposable carbide-tipped inserts to machine a 27.43 mm (1.080 in.) hole in a forged-steel support arm using a four-spindle drilling machine at 2000 rev/min, at a speed of 172 m/min (565 sfm), and at a feed of 255 mm/min (10 in./min). Results...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... in either a through-hardened or a surface induction-hardened condition in special integral bearing configurations, such as the automotive wheel spindle shown in Fig. 1 . Low-carbon bearing steels are carburized to provide the necessary surface hardness while maintaining other desirable properties...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract This article provides information on the operating principle, tool material and design changes, and safety and protection of various multifunction machines as well as the cutting fluids used. These include single-spindle automatic lathes, manual turret lathes, single-spindle automatic...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... design. These heads are generally used for drilling holes 1.6 to 57 mm ( 1 16 to 2 1 4 in.) or more in diameter in cast irons and steels. Fixed-Center Drill Heads Fixed-center drill heads are used for dedicated, high-production machines. The number of spindles can vary from 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005994
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
..., knuckle spindles, and joint yokes. Bainitic steel with high strength and toughness has been developed for use in lower arms of automotive suspensions. The strength and mechanical properties of the steel are comparable to those of traditional quenched and tempered SAE 5140. The 900 MPa (130.5 ksi) grade...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001381
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... stored in a rotating flywheel. Direct-Drive Friction Welding Figure 1 shows the layout of a direct-drive FRW system. The spindle is first driven to a predetermined constant speed, and the two parts are brought together under a preset axial force. Both rotation and force are maintained...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... that supports the head and houses the motor. A hardened and ground steel ring about 0.5 mm (0.020 in.) larger in diameter than the bore of the head is pressed into the head so that the ring is in compression. The spindle, centrally located within the ring, is slotted to hold the backers and dies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... machining spindle speed surface cutting speeds FORGING DIES or inserts are machined from solid blocks or forged die steels. By using standard support components such as die holders and guide pins, which ensure the overall functionality of tooling assembly, the time necessary for manufacturing a die...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... and products. The process is also used for parts that were previously manufactured by extrusion processes. This use is limited, however, to parts that can be redesigned to have a constant wall thickness. Industries that use roll-formed products include the automotive; building; office furniture; home appliance...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... restriction on the size of the workpiece that can be turned. Turning is done on parts ranging in size from those used in watches to steel propeller shafts more than 25 m (80 ft) long. Aluminum parts (about one-third the density of steel or brass) over 3.0 m (10 ft) in diameter have been successfully turned...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... and steel are the materials most commonly honed, the process has been used for finishing materials ranging from the softer metals, like aluminum alloys, to extremely hard materials, like nitrided cases or tungsten carbide. Honing has also been used for finishing ceramics and plastics. Process Capabilities...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... to the overall growth of the MIM industry. Fig. 10 Heat treated nickel-alloy steel complex clevis—an example of early application of MIM in the automotive industry—used in a subassembly as part of an automobile steering system. Courtesy of MPIF Metal injection molding technology also benefits from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... mechanized process. For welding most materials, exceedingly rigid welding fixtures and equipment are needed, large spindle drive motors are employed, and computer programming is required. As a result, the process is most convenient for repetitive, high-volume welding applications that can be structured...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... and scanning, the power required to single-shot harden a typical automotive fillet-hardened rear axle to 5 mm (0.2 in.) case depth requires 900 kW at 10 kHz for a single spindle, whereas a dual-spindle scanner with the same depth specification requires only 400 kW at 3 kHz. The single-shot production rate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., less rotating mass) and superior durability ( Ref 4 ). Even though considerable material must be machined off, the low volumes and the design flexibility make machining from a billet a reasonable process. The great majority of automotive crankshafts are cast or forged. Steel forgings, gray...
Book

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.9781627081870
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... as a surface generation process is broadly classified into four groups: finish machining, abrasive machining, nonabrasive finishing, and mass finishing. Finish Machining Methods Finish machining methods use tools of well-defined geometry for precision finishing cuts on steels, nonferrous alloys...