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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract The steam turbine is the simplest and most efficient engine for converting large amounts of heat energy into mechanical work. This article discusses the primary corrosion mechanisms such as corrosion fatigue, stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), pitting, corrosion, and erosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract This article illustrates typical wear and friction issues encountered in gas and steam turbines and their consequences as well as commonly adopted materials solutions. It contains tables that present the summary of wear and friction related issues encountered in steam turbines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract The corrosion issues in the compressor, combustor and turbine sections of industrial gas turbines used in steam production generally depend on the quality of the fuel, air, and water used in the engine than on the specific industrial application. This article focuses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of the distinctions between the different forms of erosion. It discusses steam turbine blade erosion, aircraft rain erosion, and rain erosion of wind turbine blades. The article describes the mechanisms of liquid impact erosion and time dependence of erosion rate. It reviews critical empirical observations regarding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on common failures of the components associated with the flow path of industrial gas turbines. Examples of steam turbine blade failures are also discussed, because these components share some similarities with gas turbine blading. Some of the analytical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... steels with ferrite-pearlite and ferrite-bainite microstructures for use in boiler tubes, pressure vessels, and steam turbines. The selection of steels to be used at elevated temperatures generally involves compromise between the higher efficiencies obtained at higher operating temperatures and the cost...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in supercritical (SC) and ultrasupercritical (USC) power plants. These components include high-pressure steam piping and headers, superheater and reheater tubing, water wall tubing in the boiler, high-and intermediate-pressure rotors, rotating blades, and bolts in the turbine section. The article reviews...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Affected Systems and Materials Material degradation by liquid-droplet erosion is a significant problem in just a few kinds of engineering systems: blades in the low-pressure ends of steam turbines where the steam is “wet,” and aircraft, missiles, and helicopter rotors flying at high speeds through...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... This is called the Otto cycle. In the case of a steam turbine system, the combustion gas is used to boil water inside a heat exchanger; the compression is achieved by pumping the inlet water. The compressed steam is then allowed to expand through a turbine, and it is condensed by a condenser at the turbine...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... microjet within the pit. Among the components most susceptible to liquid impingement erosion are low-pressure turbine blades, low-temperature steam piping, and condenser or other heat-exchanger tubes that are subjected to direct impingement by wet steam. Liquid impingement erosion in tubing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... N. , Experimental Assessment of Droplet Impact Erosion Resistance of Steam Turbine Blade Materials , Wear , Vol 267 , 2009 , p 1605 – 1618 10.1016/j.wear.2009.06.012 27. Oka Y.I. and Miyata H. , Erosion Behaviour of Ceramic Bulk and Coating Materials Caused by Water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for steam turbine rotors/discs, carbon and alloy steel components in boilers Residential and industrial water-delivery systems: Stainless steel PEX clamps (described earlier) and brass components General Characteristics of Stress-Corrosion Cracking The phenomenological characteristics of SCC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... ceramics ABRADABLE CLEARANCE-CONTROL COATINGS are successfully used today (2013) in aero-engine, industrial and steam turbine, and various other types of turbomachinery applications. In most types of turbines, it is necessary to leave clearances beyond the free ends of the blades and vanes to provide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... effects of erosion have caused problems in a number of industries. In the power-generation industry, erosion damage has occurred to boiler tubes and waterwalls ( Ref 2 – 16 ), steam turbines ( Ref 17 – 19 ), land-based gas turbines ( Ref 20 – 22 ), solids-transport systems ( Ref 16 , 23 – 27 ), cyclones...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... … 0.3 0.4 … 1080 OQ/785 AC 210 30.5 120 17.4 60 8.7 TAF 0.18 0.5 0.3 … 10.5 1.5 … 0.2 0.15 0.3 B 1150 OQ/700 AC 373 54 216 31.3 137 20.0 Advanced 10–12% Cr steels for steam turbine rotors G.E. 0.19 0.65 0.3 0.6 10.5 1.0 … 0.20 0.085 0.06 N 1050 OQ/570 AC...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or inadvertent exposure of the part to a corrosive foreign substance, such as use of a steam line to feed concentrated caustic during chemical cleaning, the preventive measure may be no more complicated than exclusion of the corrodent from that region of the system. In many instances, however, reduction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Electrical and electronic X X X X X Electric utilities X X X X X Food processing X X X X X Forging X X X Glass manufacture X X X X Hydro-steam turbines X X X X X X Iron and steel casting X X X Iron and steel manufacture X X X X X...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... tube-to-tubesheet joint heater shell IN STEAM TURBINE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION PLANTS, turbine exhaust steam is condensed, and the condensate is reheated for return as feedwater to the boiler. Water from the condenser to the feedwater pump is called condensate, and from the pump to the boiler...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of dissolved solids always carry through with the steam. Also, at higher pressures, there is some vaporous carryover. Excessive carryover of impurities can damage superheaters, steam turbines, or downstream process equipment. Corrosion Control and Prevention Deposition and corrosion in boilers...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in understanding what properties should be typical. It is also very useful to examine the failed component in undamaged areas. For example, turbine blade roots in steam turbines are not exposed to service environment steam and temperature as airfoils are. Comparison of properties between the root and airfoil can...