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steam production

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract The corrosion issues in the compressor, combustor and turbine sections of industrial gas turbines used in steam production generally depend on the quality of the fuel, air, and water used in the engine than on the specific industrial application. This article focuses on the forms...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 12(a) Fracture surface of reheat steam pipe showing corrosion products covering early-fracture region and freshly exposed fracture surface of weld metal. More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 56 Failure of a reheat steam piping line at a power-generating station. (a) Fracture surface of reheat steam pipe showing corrosion products covering early fracture region and freshly exposed fracture surface of weld metal. (b) Closeup of weld metal showing intergranular cracks More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...), and chemical impurities, such as sulfides, which undergo modifications during combustion. Both of these classes of impurities can result in environmental problems. The incombustible physical impurities generate products called ash: the large particle forms of this can be collected and must be disposed...
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 66 The perforated screen supported a carbon bed through which solvent-laden gases pass. Subsequently, the gas stream switched to steam that strips the solvent from the carbon bed, which can then be used again. The screen failed because of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) resulting from More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 5 A steam-heated stainless steel pipe located along the floor of the cargo hold of a ship was found to be leaking at a connecting sleeve that had been fitted several months earlier during a maintenance repair at a foreign port. The steam pipe was used to keep the cargo, phosphoric acid More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 63 The strapped-on plate near the top of the 30 cm (12 in.) diameter pipe was intended to be a short-term palliative measure to contain water/steam that was escaping after a few months' service. The type 304 pipe first supplied water and then air to an adjacent process vessel via More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...-linking that produces a usable rubber product. Ethylene-propylene rubbers exhibit excellent heat, aging, and weathering resistance. The rubber exhibits excellent resistance to chemicals such as acids, alkalis, acetone, alcohol, hydraulic fluids, and steam. Service temperatures in the range of 82 to 93 °C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract This article provides an overview of surface contaminants that may affect the heat treatment processes and end-product quality. It presents information on the chemicals used to clean different surface contaminants of steels. The article discusses three types of cleaning methods, namely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and the coolant (air) is on the outside. The components are usually adequately protected against corrosion by normal steam and condensate chemistry ( Ref 11 ). However, when the chemistry is out of control (low pH, high O 2 ), large quantities of iron corrosion products are generated, which can be transported...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of hideout of impurity solutes that is responsible for serious corrosion problems on the secondary side of steam generator tubes. Influence of Corrosion on Primary Circuit Radiation Fields The primary source of radiation fields from PWR primary circuit components is from corrosion products generated...
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 2 The area of the same carbon steel pipe system as in Fig. 1 where the heater clips were placed in direct contact with the pipe, without insulation. This caused overheating because the pipe was in direct contact with the steam heater. The combined effect of waterline attack and elevated More