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statistical risk

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., are ( Ref 14 ): Hazard identification Dose-response assessment Exposure assessment Risk characterization These four steps, when accurately defined and evaluated, result in a statistically-derived probability that an adverse effect will occur at a defined exposure level. Risk...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005346
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... failure modes, and it is used to quantify the effects of the failure modes in terms of the risk they pose to the end user or the integrity of the product prior to being put to use by the end customer. When done correctly, the FMEA is one of the most valuable tools for understanding potential variation and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... consequences of underspecification Consequences of overspecification Risk and hazard analysis Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) Safety analysis Design process/configuration Probabilistic or deterministic statistical approach Stress or load considerations Restrictions on size...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... are used to detect the crack before instability. To reduce risk, one would prefer 100% POD at crack sizes greater than the rogue defect size. Because 100% POD is not likely at any size of crack, a lesser threshold had to be chosen. Binomial statistics were in use to calculate POD and confidence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... pushing metal). There is a risk of damage to the specimen surface from the exciting vibration at the welder contact point and to the specimen as a whole by acoustic fatigue. Contact damage is often mitigated through the use of a coupling/protective material, such as cardstock, between welder tip and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
.... Companion knowledge of ongoing load history and detailed reinspections are intended to further mitigate operational risk, while extending service life. Likewise, other advances have raised challenges for nondestructive tests and their evaluation for life assessment. In aviation, the move from metallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... development of an experimental procedure to produce calibration data must avoid any significant risk of invalidating the model assumptions. During the calibration, it is useful to estimate the accuracy of the model parameters, based on instrumental precision, experimental variation, and variation from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... risk for aseptic loosening and revision. Cancellous-structured titanium also has applications in total knee arthroplasty. Hoffman et al. reported on 176 knees with the Natural-Knee CSTi porous-coated total knee implant (manufactured by Zimmer, Warsaw, IN) ( Fig. 5 ) at an average followup of 12 years...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... test for some components may be performed on a metal part fabricated to simulate the characteristics of the ceramic component. This practice permits the evaluation of selected critical environmental situations without major risk to either the simulated ceramic component or other rig or engine parts...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Reaching between the dies poses the unlikely risk that the dies will close while the operator is reaching between them, and also the more prevalent risk of the operator overreaching, causing back and shoulder injuries, and slipping and falling due to the die casting environment. Keeping the production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... increased amount of metal at risk, the latter figure was raised by a factor of 2.4, which represented the ratio of the per capita consumption of electricity for 1972 and 1955. The result was $925 million AUD/year. It was remarkable that the total annual corrosion costs updated from 1955 were virtually the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... production. This fact, possibly combined with the operating costs and risks associated with running a high-pressure process, makes outsourced HIP attractive for many foundries and end users. It is estimated that 70% of all castings HIPed in North America are HIPed using outsourced services. Hot isostatic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... operational risks, the failure should be investigated to determine the cause. The coating failure can be investigated by an owner's representative, the contractor, the coating manufacturer, or a consultant hired by any of the affected parties. The cost to remediate a coating failure is often substantial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... have been implemented, NDE system/process control must be maintained to ensure a consistent level of discrimination. Shortcuts in NDE engineering, NDE procedure development, and NDE system/process control increase risks in system performance, may not reduce the risk of engineering system failure, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... inspections fall into VI, and up to 70% of the total of rejected components contain visual discrepancies. Although a significant proportion of them are referred to as “soft issues,” many reasons justify their rejection as posing a risk to the performance of the structure or element. Lighting plays a crucial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...-containing solution Risk of clogging Adapted to hydrofluoric acid Concentric glass nebulizer ++ ++ Up to 10 g/L with argon humidifier High No Parallel-flow nebulizer + ++ Up to 40 g/L Low Yes Cross-flow nebulizer + + No High No V-groove nebulizer + + Up to 35...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003996
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.9781627081719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9