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statistical aspects of design

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Abstract This article discusses some of the statistical aspects of design from an engineer's perspective. It reviews the commonly used statistical terms and distributions for providing some guidance on the practical engineering applications of these distributions. The article describes...
Image
Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 5 Statistical aspects of material design. (a) Weibull plot for reaction-bonded silicon nitride. (b) Improved Weibull distributions. (c) Modification of normal distribution by proof testing More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... requirements human factors life cycle analysis redesign program reliability in design statistical aspects of design DESIGN FACTORS described in this article have been somewhat arbitrarily grouped into three categories: functional requirements, analysis of total life cycle, and other major factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... be found in the section “Statistical Distributions Applied to Design” in the article “Statistical Aspects of Design” in this Volume. Reliability Testing Reliability tests measure or demonstrate the ability of equipment to operate satisfactorily for a prescribed time period under specified...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on composite cure tooling that is fabricated from steel, aluminum, or high-temperature composite materials. The quality assurance for commercial applications is reviewed. The article concludes with a discussion on data fusion systems designed to provide nondestructive analysis data from fabrication...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... stress level fatigue fatigue analysis probability of failure uncertainty STATISTICAL METHODS and probability are useful tools when uncertainty influences important outcomes, which is why many fundamental mathematical aspects of statistical theory began with the casinos of Europe (e.g., Monte...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... and small assemblies, including guided iteration, optimization (see the article “Design Optimization” in this Volume), and statistical methods (see the articles “Statistical Aspects of Design” and “Robust Design” in this Volume). Tolerances at the Parametric Stage of Design At the configuration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003640
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... The role of experimental design in acquiring the knowledge of a process ( Fig. 1 ) emphasizes the iterative aspect of the process leading to the creation of realistic models. As expressed in this figure, the selection of an experimental strategy should precede and influence data acquisition. It is indeed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... These data serve as a statistical basis for procurement specification minima and/or acceptance testing conformity. Subsequent levels of the building block process (see Fig. 1 in the article “Overview of Testing and Certification” in this Section) are required for design allowable data, programmatic risk...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
..., and experimental design, including single-variable studies, multivariable studies, and Taguchi experiments. control charts sheet metal forming statistical process control statistics STATISTICS are extremely important tools in the operation of press shops, providing numerical process analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... As defined earlier, the factor of safety in the present case is simply S / P . The following example illustrates the use of the above concepts in design; additional discussion of statistical methods is provided in the article “Statistical Aspects of Design” in this Volume. Example 1: Estimating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... characteristics of probability distributions, such as normal distribution, log-normal distribution, exponential distribution, Poisson distribution, and extreme-value distribution. It also provides information on the statistical concepts to produce effective test programs. susceptibility stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., should be considered representative of a separate, discrete population under the existing conditions. However, the results may still be statistically tested for the significance of any apparent differences. A carefully designed sampling plan includes the possibility of unanticipated events...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Aspects of Design This section discusses what may be the most important aspects of a successful design: how the conceptual ideas are cost effectively converted into hardware. The majority of commonly used manufacturing processes are discussed in detail in a series of separate chapters, but ultimately...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Abstract Risk and hazard analysis can be effectively used during design reviews to provide valuable feedback to the design to avoid failures. This article discusses the types of risks, namely, real risk, statistical risk, predicted risk, and perceived risk. It describes the principle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... capability at least equal to that of the actual design team. Vendor participation is highly desirable, especially in conceptual and final design reviews. Design review checklists should be prepared well in advance of actual board meetings. These checklists should cover all aspects of the design...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005346
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... the advanced quality tools: advanced product quality planning, failure mode and effects analysis, control planning, measurement systems analysis, lean tools, statistical process control, production viability and tryout, and Six Sigma. advanced product quality planning control charts failure mode...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...” in Materials Selection and Design , Volume 20 of ASM Handbook . Some other aspects of products liability are perhaps less well known and require some comment. Prediction Methods Prediction methods are necessary in applying FMEA, FTA, and so on. From statistics it is possible to predict performance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... in identifying when corrective action needs to be taken. Training in statistical methods and quality philosophy are essential elements of a quality improvement program and should be provided. Designed experiments are a useful tool, where appropriate. Production people should be given the responsibility...
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... industry guidelines” may produce results that are nearly identical to the competition. This may be the safe and possibly only path to follow, but will seldom result in industry advances or a competitive edge over any other available product. The negative aspect is that implementing a unique design comes...