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statistical analysis

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of detection (POD). At any crack size, different cracks of the same size will have varying detectability. The event that spurred an updated statistical approach to POD, as described in Ref 3 , was the analysis of a large U.S. Air Force (USAF) study of the capability of inspectors/inspections...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005346
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... describes the advanced quality tools: advanced product quality planning, failure mode and effects analysis, control planning, measurement systems analysis, lean tools, statistical process control, production viability and tryout, and Six Sigma. advanced product quality planning control charts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... relationships. Other disadvantages consist of not knowing a priori what metallurgical or processing parameters influence the specific results of a process, and the issue that not all metallurgical processes and relationships are linear. A specific type of statistical analysis, known as artificial neural-network...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...% relative or 2% absolute, whichever is greater Sample preparation is tedious, and only small portions of the sample can be analyzed. Elemental chemical analysis cannot be readily done for elements with atomic numbers less than ∼7, and counting statistics are not as good as with EPMA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract This article briefly introduces the concepts of failure analysis, including root-cause analysis (RCA), and the role of failure analysis as a general engineering tool for enhancing product quality and failure prevention. It initially provides definitions of failure on several different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... procedure to deal with stress by determining maximum values through stress transformation is described. The article provides the stress analysis equations of typical component geometries and discusses some of the implications of the stress analysis relative to failure in components. It focuses on linear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-based image analysis system can measure and statistically analyze a variety of surface features over a number of fields of view very quickly and accurately. Table 1 provides a list of common image analysis features and field measurements. Table 1 Quantitative image analysis Field...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... analysis is not well defined in industry standards. The sampling frequency required in a typical statistical analysis is not always applicable to the coating failure. Generally, a statistical analysis is based on the assumption that there are a given number of units, and a sampling rate is predetermined...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the element mass can be combined into a single value by appropriate statistical procedures. Table 1 Typical instrumental neutron activation analysis sensitivities for elements in rock or soil samples 20 min after irradiation Element Radioisotope detected ( t 1/2 ) Indicator γ-rays...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Thermal analysis is a classical method of determining phase diagrams and can be used to analyze the deviation from solidification under equilibrium conditions. This article discusses the use of thermal analysis in industrial processes and in research. It describes the theoretical basis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fractal dimensions that result from these analyses appear to possess some generality for natural irregular nonplanar surfaces and their profiles. fractal analysis fracture surface quantitative fractography surface roughness RESEARCH into the field of quantitative fractography has progressed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... successfully, residual-stress measurements via XRD techniques can be applied with a high level of confidence. In general, a statistically representative population of specimens should be chosen for analysis to accurately determine if any of the microstructural effects (large grain size, local...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... Principal component analysis and advanced processing of the signal was required to determine correlated and statistically significant differences among the sample set. Even with high mass resolution, specific signals were compared with other fermentation literature (and methods using separation techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...; or one may represent the flight in a completely different way according to the needs of the design and analysis being performed. When viewing the representative profile in Fig. 1 relative to damage mechanisms, one may view the coupled ground idle/takeoff/climb excursions as well as the approach...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... spectrometry for electron probe microanalysis. Key concepts for performing qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis by electron-excited X-ray spectrometry are then presented. Several sources that lead to measurement uncertainties in the k-ratio/matrix corrections protocol are provided, along with the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Failure analysis is generally defined as the investigation and analysis of parts or structures that have failed or appeared to have failed to perform their intended duty. Methods of field inspection and initial examination are also critical factors for both reconstruction analysts and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article focuses on the principles and applications of high-sputter-rate dynamic secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) for depth profiling and bulk impurity analysis. It begins with an overview of various factors pertinent to sputtering. This is followed by a discussion on the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... functional requirements human factors life cycle analysis redesign program reliability in design statistical aspects of design DESIGN FACTORS described in this article have been somewhat arbitrarily grouped into three categories: functional requirements, analysis of total life cycle, and other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... analysis and prevention. Failure analysis and prevention processes to determine the root cause of failures that arise at different stages of the product life cycle are reviewed. The article describes the mechanisms of plastic product failure analysis. It discusses the trends in the use of medical polymers...