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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... describes the mechanism of film formation of acrylic latex polymers and its effect on final coating properties. It discusses the types of waterborne acrylic latex coatings based on chemical properties and based on applications such as primers, intermediate coats, topcoats, stains, and direct-to-substrate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... include bright-field illumination, dark-field illumination, polarized-light microscopy, interference and contrast microscopy, and fluorescence microscopy. The article also provides a discussion of sample preparation materials such as dyes, etchants, and stains for the analysis of composite materials using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., zirconium Produces strengthening by effect on grain boundaries and by precipitate formation; zirconium produces strengthening by formation of MC carbides Yttrium, lanthanum Increase oxidation resistance Staining and heat tinting procedures for identification of sigma phase and carbides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... the quality of the seal, namely, salt spray, modified dye stain, acid dissolution, impedance, copper accelerated acetic acid salt spray, high-alkaline resistance, SO 2 fog, and clorox tests. aluminum anodizing sealing hot deionized water sealing hot nickel acetate sealing midtemperature sealing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., tightly adherent annealing oxide, mold coating, and rust staining may remain on the surface, provided they cannot be removed by lifting with a dull putty knife. “Abrasive Blast Cleaning for Ductile Iron Pipe—Internal Pipe Surfaces” Shall result in the surface being free of all visible dirt, dust...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...: 8×. Blisters found are related to encapsulation of a carbonaceous material, such as a lubricant, during casting. Figure 11(a) is a macrograph of the fracture surface (of a gravity permanent mold aluminum casting) revealing a dark gray stained area covering approximately 40% of the cross...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... °C. Source: Ref 29 . Reprinted from Dou R, Wang T, Guo Y, Derby B. Ink-Jet Printing of Zirconia: Coffee Staining and Line Stability. J Am Ceram Soc. Wiley Online Library; 2011; 94: 3787–3792, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2011.04697.x , with permission from Wiley. Copyright © 2019...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... the structure gas tight and preventing staining and pore rounding on the metallographically prepared cross section. As a word of caution when using the thermosetting and thermoplastics, they require heat and pressure to form the mount, which may have adverse effects on some of materials to be prepared. Some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...) SSPC-SP 5 NACE 1 “White Metal Blast Cleaning” All mill scale, rust, and paint Nothing SSPC-SP 6 NACE 3 “Commercial Blast Cleaning” All mill scale, rust, and paint Up to 33% stains (c) SSPC-SP 7 NACE 4 “Brush-Off Blast Cleaning” Loosely adhering materials Tightly adhering materials (b...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... through to the undercoat or down to the substrate. Fig. 4 Staining of a paint film by diffusion of a soluble colored substance from the underlying paint to give undesirable discoloration or staining. Often seen where bituminous- or tar-based products are overcoated with topcoats in which the tar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... staining. Moreover, when properly formulated, polyaspartic coatings can be applied with simple brush and roller techniques. As mentioned previously, polyaspartic resins can be blended to provide different curing time and pot life requirements. Depending on ambient environmental conditions and the skill...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...-form, burn-in, and solder reflow. Tarnished Leads Caused by a Galvanic Corrosion Tarnishing due to Chemical Residues Tarnishing Caused by Base Metal Migration Tarnishing by Plating Additives Rusty and Multicolor Seen on the Leadframes and Package Body Rust Stain Seen at the Interface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003688
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...) atmospheres. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 3 Paint blistering and red rust staining at a scratch in painted cold-rolled sheet Fig. 1 Basic arrangement of the coating bath in a continuous hot-dip coating operation Fig. 2 Schematic drawing of the cross section of a hot-dip coated sheet...
Book Chapter

By Barry Law
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and maintenance thermoplastic coatings 650 5.4 Roof coatings 250 2.1 Rust preventative coatings 400 3.3 Sanding sealers (other than lacquer sanding sealers) 550 4.6 Sealers (including interior clear wood sealers) 400 3.3 Shellacs Clear 730 6.1 Opaque 550 4.6 Stains...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... all of the alloys in the aged condition, the glycol etchant is used; it is especially good for the magnesium-rare earth alloys and magnesium-thorium alloys. Acetic-picral etchants are used to selectively stain the grains, especially for viewing with sensitive-tint or polarized light...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... earth alloys and magnesium-thorium alloys. Acetic-picral etchants are used to selectively stain the grains, especially for viewing with sensitive-tint or polarized light. The preparation steps and macroetching procedures for these alloys are essentially the same as for steels. Resolution of detail...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... B B B C C C C C D A: Sample free from any corrosion; B: up to 1% of surface covered by stain or rust; C: 1 to 25% of surface covered by stain or rust; D: >25% of surface covered by stain or rust. Source: Ref 2 Effect of carbon content and cooling rate on the severity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002494
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... to minimize carryover Avoid features that could trap air and prevent surface chemical reactions from occurring or cause staining Mask areas not to be attacked Electrocleaning Allow for electrical contact to be made on nonsignificant surfaces Avoid features that would trap process chemicals...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to a marine atmosphere 250 m (800 ft) from the ocean at Kure Beach, NC. Materials containing molybdenum exhibited only extremely slight rust stain, and all grades were easily cleaned to reveal a bright surface. Type 304 stainless steel can provide satisfactory resistance in many marine applications, but more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... staining. If possible, it is advisable to place cold metal in a dry storage place until its temperature has increased substantially, before it is brought into a heated room with higher humidity. This can be accomplished by placing a newly arrived shipment of aluminum in temporary storage where its...