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spring bending limit

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Fig. 17 Arrangement and principles of operation of three-roll clusters in a seven-roll rotary straightener Fig. 18 Turk's-head rolls (a) positioned in line to form a rectangular cross section, and (b) offset to form a square section Fig. 19 Mechanism for winding springs that have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., automotive bolts, hydraulic jack shafts, crank handle collars, boiler tubes, drive shafts, bicycle pedal axles, lift-truck hydraulic-piston rods, and steel springs. boilers delayed fracture fatigue crack propagation fatigue fracture fractograph impact fracture intergranular fracture low-carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... these steels. The austenitic stainless steel components include spring wires, preheater-reactor slurry transfer lines and gas lines of coal-liquefaction pilot plants, oil feed tubes and suction couch rolls of paper machines, cortical screws and compression hip screws of orthopedic implants, and Jewett...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005967
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... article illustrates the use of carbon restoration on decarburized spring steels. Different geometric models for carbide formation are shown schematically. The article also describes the different microstructural features such as grain size, microcracks, microsegregation, and banding. carbides...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... screws or bolts, nuts and washers, molded-in threads, self-threading screws, rivets, spring-steel fasteners, press fits, and snap fits. The article explains solvent bonding used for thermoplastic parts, and tabulates the solvent types used with various plastics. It also describes the surface preparation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article begins with an overview of the fundamentals of adhesive technology, including functions, limitations, adhesive joint types, and the key factors in the selection of adhesives, including application, type of joint, process limitation, mechanical requirement, and service...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract This article discusses the principles and limitations of micromagnetic techniques, namely, magnetic Barkhausen noise (MBN) and magnetoacoustic emission (MAE). It also discusses various factors limiting the establishment of acceptance criteria for test components as they pertain to the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... embrittlement impact fracture inclusions intergranular fracture leaf springs rotating bending fatigue transgranular cleavage Fig. 319 Fracture due to corrosion fatigue of a 115-mm (4.5-in.) diam API 5A, grade E, seamless drill pipe. The fine-grained 0.4C-Mn alloy steel (∼AISI 1340) was used in the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... position Practical maximum of ∼54 MN (6000 tonf) Limited Higher than hydraulic, and can be varied. Highest at midstroke Full stroke is usually required before reversal. Preferred for operations requiring maximum pressure near the bottom of the stroke. Preferred for cutting operations such as blanking...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., however, that such threshold values are strongly dependent on the method of loading (i.e., dead weight or spring) and the specimen size and cannot be considered a materials property. Moreover, Fig. 6 shows that as a crack develops, the stress at the crack tip increases, possibly decreasing the time to...
Book Chapter

By Ted Kostilnik
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., 38 mm (1.5 in.) diam Reversed bending Turned (a) 7079-T6 Plain, 38 mm (1.5 in.) diam Reversed bending Turned (a) 7075-T6 Reversed bending Turned (a) Carbon and low-alloy steels 5160 spring steel (c) Flat leaf, 38 mm (1.5 in.) wide, 4.88 mm (0.192 in.) thick Unidirectional...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., through feed, planetary, and internal. This article focuses on the capabilities, limitations, and machines used for these methods. It describes the three characteristics, such as rollability, flaking, and seaming, used in evaluating and selecting metals for thread rolling. The article explores the factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... concentration points. Table 10 shows the effect of shot peening on the fatigue strength of machined 4340 alloy steel. Table 10 Effect of shot peening on fatigue strength of 4340 steel Machining operation Endurance limit in bending, 10 7 cycles Gentle grinding, % MPa ksi Gentle surface...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... computer-aided design in the forging industry. Additionally, the article reviews specific characteristics, process limitations, advantages, and disadvantages of the most common forging processes, namely hot upset forging, roll forging, radial forging, rotary forging, isothermal and hot-die forging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... advantages, limitations, and applications of vacuum deposition processes. Finally, it provides information on the gas evaporation process, its processing chamber, and related systems. evaporation process equipment gas evaporation process control process monitoring reactive evaporation thermal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 80% of the monotonic bending yield stress; solid symbols represent initial stress 50% of the bending yield stress. This alloy has adequate resistance to stress relaxation at temperatures up to 120 °C (250 °F), provided the initial stress is below the elastic limit. Fig. 6 Anisotropic stress...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and with problems involved in its fabrication. Among the factors governing the selection of spring wire are: (a) the load range through which the spring must operate; (b) the corresponding stress range for the wire; (c) weight and space limitations; (d) expected life of the spring; (e) temperatures...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... formed cold to a limited extent. Alloy Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V sheet can be cold formed to shallow shapes by standard methods, but the bends must be of larger radii than in hot forming and must have shallower stretch flanges. Cold forming of other alloys generally results in excessive springback, requires stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... repulsive force due to electronic orbital overlap with the atoms in the sample surface. The force acting on the tip causes a cantilever deflection that is measured by tunneling, capacitive, or optical detectors. The deflection can be measured to within 0.02 nm, so for a typical cantilever spring constant of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... modulus. In deformations beyond the elastic limit, the changes in bond lengths are sufficient to break the bonds. Post- yield deformation in metals takes place by propagating defects or dislocations by a succession of bond breakages, which result in slip along crystallographic planes. Similar analyses...