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splined shaft

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., Metallurgical Consulting Services Ltd.) Fig. 375 Reversed torsional fatigue fracture of splined shaft due to overtempering. The SAE 4150 part was oil quenched and tempered to 34 HRC throughout—a hardness too soft for the application. Note the “starry” pattern characteristic of multiple fatigue cracks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... 1,216,300 2,647,578 Note: Shafts have 76.2 mm splines on each end. Material is SAE 1038 steel. JEL, Johnson elastic limit; NA, not applicable Case depth required for low-, medium-, and high-strength induction-hardened shafts Table 4 Case depth required for low-, medium-, and high-strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... vulnerable point in a dynamically stressed area—typically a stress raiser, which may be mechanical, metallurgical, or sometimes a combination of the two. Mechanical stress raisers include such features as small fillets, sharp corners, grooves, splines, keyways, nicks, and press or shrink fits. Shafts often...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... the requirements and characteristics of induction hardening of transmission parts, such as bearings, shafts, and different types of gears, including bevel gears, spur wheel gears, helical gears, and splines. It provides information on process monitoring and the economic aspects of induction hardening...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... 90 (15N scale) Internal gear 4350 8.9 0.35 0.36 0.8 245 475 2 54 min (b) Dual gear (f) 4815 (e) 9.4 0.37 2.13 4.7 260 500 2 62–63 (b) Drive coupling 4340 10.2 0.40 0.27 0.6 230 450 2 1 2 52 min (b) Spline shaft 8720 (e) 10.2 0.40 0.50 1.1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005871
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...× Fig. 17 (a) Microstructure of failed axle shaft, location A, transverse direction. (b) Microstructure of failed axle shaft, location B, transverse direction. (c) Microstructure of failed axle shaft at fracture location, longitudinal direction. (d) Microstructure of failed axle shaft at spline...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the splines, which would be detrimental both to the gear splines and to the shaft. Heat treating of the splined area must also be monitored closely for quench cracks. Grinding of the face against the end of the splines can also cause grinding checks to radiate from the corners of the root fillets...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.9781627081672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002375
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Stress Round Bore Splined Bores Shafts Spur gear teeth are cut straight across the face of the gear blank, and the mating teeth theoretically meet at a line of contact ( Fig. 1a ) parallel to the shaft. Straight teeth of bevel gears also make contact along a line ( Fig. 1b...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... observed (for example, Fig. 9 ) because longitudinal planes have the same magnitude of shear stress as transverse planes, and longitudinal planes usually have lower toughness, due to the shape and distribution of inclusions. Fig. 7 Splined shaft of 6118 steel that fractured from a single torsional...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as hooks, chains, wire rope, slings, beams, bales, and trunnions; and built-in members such as shafts, gears, and drums. chains cranes failed shafts hooks lifting equipment wire rope LIFTING EQUIPMENT is used for raising, lowering, and transporting materials, parts, and equipment, generally...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Longitudinal torsional fractures are sometimes observed (for example, Fig. 9 ) because longitudinal planes have the same magnitude of shear stress as transverse planes, and longitudinal planes usually have lower toughness, due to the shape and distribution of inclusions. Fig. 7 Splined shaft of 6118...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... planet gears to equalize the power shared between multiple planet gears. The sun pinion transmits its torque through a spline with external teeth that engage a spline with internal teeth in the hollow LS shaft. Typically, sun spline teeth are carburized and ground with a lengthwise crown to allow the sun...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003972
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... between surface roughness and tolerance for a variety of materials shaping and finishing processes. ECM, electrochemical machining; EDM, electrical discharge machining. Source: Ref 2 , 9 Fig. 20 (a) Gear-to-spline torque transmission shaft showing the material saved (shaded area) by cold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... and independent inspection of bath chemistries, rectifiers for developing current density in the parts, and standard operating procedures. It is an effective tool that can be employed when manufacturing highly reliable gears, splined shafts, and bearing surfaces. Because considerable variables come into play when...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , is an important design parameter for such applications as rotating shafts involving low-stress, high-frequency fatigue loading where no crack extension during service can be permitted. The fatigue-crack threshold is a function of a number of variables, including the material, the test conditions, the R-ratio...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... that introduce changes in their cross section. For example, shafts must have shoulders to take thrust loads at the bearings and must have keyways or splines to transmit torques to or from pulleys and gears mounted on them. Under load, such changes cause localized stresses that are higher than those based...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... that of the tooth tip and root region. Courtesy of Inductoheat, Inc. Fig. 31 Dual-frequency process for hardening of a shaft/helical wide-face internal gear from normalized AISI 4340. (a) Component with the teeth located on inside and an etched portion of as-hardened section. Minor gear diameter 175 mm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... growth. Example 1: Developing Inspection Criteria for Fan Shafts. Industrial fan shafts are typically forged from medium-carbon steels. Primary fatigue stresses are generated from gravity bending and are fully reversed during each revolution at rates of 900 to 1800 revolutions per minute or 15...