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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... performance. This article describes the optical microscopy and bright-field illumination techniques involved in analyzing ply terminations, prepreg plies, splices, and fiber orientation to provide the insight necessary for optimizing composite structure and performance. bright-field illumination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., and honeycomb processing, including perimeter trimming, mechanical forming, heat forming, core splicing, contouring, and cleaning. The article presents basic steps involved in the adhesive-bonding process and concludes with a discussion on adhesive applications and tooling. adhesive adhesive bonded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., paper Typical tolerances for lay-up Table 3 Typical tolerances for lay-up Tolerance Orientation Fabric ±5° Tape ±3° Core (ribbon direction) ±5° Position Full plies Oversize Partial plies and doublers ±0.25 mm (±0.010 in.) Splicing Fabric  Butt...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the location of individual plies or repeating patterns of plies. Fig. 9 Natural run-out of fiber orientation If cutting and splicing are necessary to hold orientation, then the drawing or process specification must define the allowed cutting and splicing practice to avoid compromising structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... 11 Tapering of edges of splice plates to relieve adhesive peel stresses (slightly thicker tips permissible for aluminum) Fig. 14 Representations of adhesive nonlinear shear behavior Fig. 15 KGR-1 extensometer and thick-adherend adhesive test specimen. Source: Ref 30...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Draping simulation and flat pattern for an aircraft wheel cover Fig. 5 Core sample results Fig. 6 Draping simulation to evaluate ply producibility for an aircraft cowling Fig. 8 Flat patterns as a function of fiber orientations Fig. 7 Splicing of a full-body ply...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of each sheet being determined by the number of wraps desired. The bias sheets are then rotated 90° and spliced together to create a continuous bias tape that can then be cut into the desired patterns. Taping together the sides with the release paper is preferable. By exercising care in the cutting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... sandwhich panel structural efficiency Table 3 Honeycomb sandwhich panel structural efficiency Relative stiffness ( D ) 100 700 3700 Relative strength 100 350 925 Relative weight 100 103 106 Fig. 8 Basic sandwich structural criteria Fig. 6 Core splicing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... cleaning and coating application. Courtesy of KTA-Tator, Inc. Fig. 14 (a) Bolted splice plate with heavy rusting on bolt heads, edges, and in crevices, all difficult areas to coat. (b) Rusted rivet heads and bolts on an old truss bridge. These irregular surfaces are difficult to paint thoroughly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., is demonstrated. Fig. 8 Sustained stress levels due to pillowing. Corrosion pillowing and resulting bulging in a lap-splice skin were modeled for a four-square fastener pattern. Graph shows normal stress ( S xx ) in direction of applied in-plane hoop stress, for top and bottom faces of the outer skin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... mounted on P-3 aircraft) during service Fig. 9 A handheld microwave corrosion detector (MCD) scanner Fig. 10 Ultrasonic method for detecting poor bonding in a lap splice with ultrasonic guided waves. (a) Ultrasonic through-transmission approach for lap splice joint inspection. (b...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... (face) plies approximately 2 to 10 mm (0.08–0.4 in.) at all splice joints. The subsequent bulk plies are then butt spliced. Joint locations are then offset a minimum of 25 mm (1 in.) for each subsequent ply. Gaps between the butt joints can be filled with additional yarns if required to maximize fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-epoxy)-to-titanium splice joint, two cases are compared using an elastic analysis. In the first case, both adherends are a constant thickness; in the second case, the titanium adherend is tapered as if the titanium is a repair patch that could be tapered prior to bonding. For the first case (adherend...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
.... (a) Skin splices. (b) Stiffener runout. (c) Bonded doublers. (d) Shear clip Variables such as voids (lack of bond), inclusions, or variations in glue line thickness are present in adhesive-bonded joints and will affect joint strength. This article addresses the problem of how to inspect bonded...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in.) into the web of one of the main girders ( Fig. 1 ). Additional cracks, such as that shown in Fig. 3 , were detected between 1970 and 1981. The entire structural complex was retrofitted in 1981 by peening the weld toe at small cracks or uncracked details and by installing bolted splices at large cracks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... On certain surfaces of close-tolerance forging, draft allowance was 3° (+1 1 2 , − 1 2 °). (e) Stock removal from ribs was required on conventional forging. (f) Except on surfaces where prohibited Fig. 18 Close-tolerance longeron splice forging that substituted tilting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... serrations. Tension joint efficiency was 70%. S , serrate end of ply Having resolved the details of the splice, the repair itself could now be considered. The generic parent laminate was assumed to be loaded in shear as well as in longitudinal tension and compression. Therefore, one ply was added...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... c 1 0.7 0.9 Bar-buckling restraint t j b ∼ D E j × C b 1 1.6 6.0 Lap-splice clamping t j s ∼ D E j × C s 1 1.6 6.0 D , diameter of column; t j , minimum required jacket thickness for indicated parameter; C v...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... orthotropic fiber pattern for strength-to-weight and stiffness- to-weight advantages, bolt holes and cutout develop a higher stress concentration. Because the Harrier wing contains no major splices, being continuous from tip to tip, the design of the bolted joints could be performed according to a simple...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Wiring and Loads Solder Splices Crimp Connectors Electrical Contacts Printed Circuit Board Freshwater Tanks Piping Pumps Accumulator Tanks Hot Water Tanks Wastewater Systems Raw Water Systems Freshwater Cooling System Wet Exhaust System Dry Exhaust Systems...