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spinodal alloys

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Abstract Copper alloys are classified by the International Unified Numbering System designations to identify alloy groups by major alloying element. This article presents the designations and compositions of various copper alloys, such as brasses, nickel silvers, bronzes, beryllium coppers, and spinodal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
.... This article describes the order-disorder transformation that typically occurs on cooling from a disordered solid solution to an ordered phase. It provides a table that lists selected superlattice structures and alloy phases that order according to each superlattice. The article informs that spinodal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., producing uniform, fine-scale, two-phase mixtures that can enhance the physical and mechanical properties of commercial alloys. Spinodal decomposition has been particularly useful in the production of permanent magnet materials, because the morphologies favor high coercivities. The structure can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., and hardening treatments such as precipitation hardening, spinodal hardening, order hardening, and quench hardening and tempering. The article presents tables that list the compositions and mechanical properties of copper alloys. It also discusses two strengthening mechanisms of copper alloys, solid-solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... and growth (e.g., spinodal decomposition). To further complicate the classification of the transformations, crystallography influences most transformations (e.g., pearlite, bainite, martensite, and precipitation). Christian ( Ref 1 ) has classified solid-state transformations according to their growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000619
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... (at top center) appears to have formed by quasi-cleavage. SEM, 600× Fig. 906 Tensile-overload fracture in a fracture-toughness specimen of 64Cu-27Ni-9Fe alloy that underwent spinodal decomposition during heat treatment for 10 h at 775 °C (1425 °F). The surface contains many intergranular facets...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., and grain growth. The article also describes the various types of solid-state transformations such as isothermal transformation and athermal transformation, resulting from the heat treatment of nonferrous alloys. It provides information on the homogenization of chemical composition within a cast structure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Table 1 Some applications of SAS techniques Materials Subject Technique(s) References Metals Spinodal decomposition SAXS 32 , 33 , 34 Nucleation SAXS, SANS, TEM 2 , 9 , 10 Guinier-Preston zones SAXS 35 , 36 Miscibility SAXS, SANS 18 Dislocations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...) Schematic illustration of the α/β interface defect structure in near-α titanium alloy Ti-5Al-2.5Sn-0.5Fe (wt%), following Mills et al. ( Ref 85 ). Source: Ref 15 Fig. 4 Typical α + β microstructure during heat treatment of titanium alloys. Courtesy of H.L. Fraser Fig. 11 Schematic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
.... , Vol 105 ( No. 5 ), 1974 , p 99 , 100 , 102 64. Rudy E. , Spinodal Carbonitride Alloys for Tool and Wear Applications , U.S. Patent 3,971,656 , 1976 65. Wan Z.-H. , Machinable and Heat-Treatable Steel-Bonded Tungsten Carbide , in Modern Developments in Powder Metallurgy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Approach to Barrier Crossing in Multicomponent Nucleation , J. Chem. Phys. , 99 , 1993 , p 1990 12. Vehkamäki H. , Classical Nucleation Theory in Multicomponent Systems , Springer , Berlin , 2006 13. Cahn J.W. , Phase Separation by Spinodal Decomposition in Isotropic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Chemical compositions of wrought copper and copper alloys Table 6 Chemical compositions of wrought copper and copper alloys Composition values are given as maximum percentages, unless shown as a range or minimum. Coppers Copper No. Designation Description Composition, wt% Cu...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the different types of precipitation and transformation processes and their effects that can occur during heat treatment of various nonferrous alloys. The nonferrous alloys are aluminum alloys, copper alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel alloys, titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... 1731 251 1862 270 13 51 Copper beryllium 98Cu-2Be As flow formed 1310 190 1482 215 10 44 Toughmet AT110 77Cu-15Ni-8Sn Flow formed, heat treated 758 110 862 125 10 30 Spinodal alloy C900 77Cu-15Ni-8Sn Flow formed 1007 146 1110 161 5 36 Zirconium 2 99Zr Flow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract This article provides information on the general structural features and origins of metals. The characteristic structural features of single-phase metals and alloys, such as grain structure and substructure, are discussed. The article also describes the major types of multiphase...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... ). Periodic composition fluctuations in a spinodally decomposing alloy may be analyzed using a Fourier transformation of the data. In principle, this provides information on the spectrum of wavelengths present. However, AP data sequences are rarely long enough to exploit this approach fully. A more useful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... temperature and the temperature where the spinodal instability sets in. This condition limits the number of alloys that respond to magnetic aging. The addition of cobalt to FeNiAl promotes magnetic aging by moving the Curie temperature and decomposition temperature closer together. Because the magnetic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract Addition of beryllium, up to about 2 wt″, produces dramatic effects in copper, nickel, aluminum, magnesium, gold, zinc, and other base metal alloys. This article provides information on the chemical composition, microstructure, heat treatment, fabrication characteristics, production...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Basic temper designations for magnesium alloys Table 11 Basic temper designations for magnesium alloys Designation Explanation F As-fabricated O Annealed, recrystallized (wrought products only) H Strain hardened (wrought products only)  H1 Strain hardened only  H2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...). Guinier-Preston (GP) zones are solute-rich clusters resulting from phase separation or precipitation within a metastable miscibility gap in the alloy system. They may form by homogeneous nucleation and grow at small undercoolings or by spinodal decomposition at large undercoolings or supersaturations (see...