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spin hardening

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Induction hardening of a sprocket, where induction heating at relatively low frequency results in more intense heating in the root and some current cancellation in the tip. Courtesy of Inductoheat, Inc. Fig. 18 Spin hardening is the most popular technique for induction hardening of gears with fine...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.../s mm/s in./min 1 95 313 3.6:1 3.4 8.0 61 30 2 99 324 3.1:1 2.5 6.0 50 41 3 137 451 3.1:1 1.7 4.0 57 50 4 124 407 4.2:1 1.9 4.5 55 38 5 156 511 3.3:1 2.5 6.0 60 52 Procedure for spin flame hardening a small converter gear hub (shown...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... for this consideration, bar and roller tools should be designed the same as those used for spinning copper or brass. Correct tool materials are essential for successful spinning. The most suitable material for bar tools is a highly polished, hard alloy bronze. Hardened tool steels are preferred for roller...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005945
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Tempering Metallurgical Aspects Surface-Hardening Methods Surface-Hardening Heating Methods Diffusion Hardening Spot Hardening Spin Hardening Progressive Hardening Four methods of heating for surface or localized quench hardening are employed: flame, induction, laser, and immersion...
Book Chapter

By B.P. Bewlay, D.U. Furrer
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... to the desired shape and hardening the working surfaces to a hardness of ∼60 HRC. The rollers also need to be polished when surface finish of the final part is important. Typically, the rollers are made of hardened tool steel or aluminum bronze. Manual metal spinning is extensively used for prototypes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in Fig. 12 ); a puller ring (for removing the workpiece from the mandrel); a drive ring (which can also be used as a puller ring); tracer styluses (two are required when a tracer is used); and tracer bars (two are required). Most rollers used for tube spinning are made from tool steels hardened to HRC 60...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...; NR, not recommended Lubricant Blanking and piercing Press- brake forming Press forming Multiple- slide forming Deep drawing Spinning Drop- hammer forming Contour roll forming Embossing Fatty oils and blends (a) C B C A C A C B B Soap-fat pastes (b) NR NR C A B B...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... generator. (e) For best metallurgical results. (f) For higher production when generator capacity is available. Fig. 4 Basic arrangements for quenching induction hardened parts. See text for details. Fig. 7 Combination progressive-spinning flame hardening Fig. 11...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... alloys using complex bending and spinning operations Fig. 8 Ammunition using a deep-drawn copper alloy cartridge case Fig. 11 Work-hardening behavior of copper alloys versus that of low-carbon steel, austenitic stainless steel, and aluminum. (a) Effect of cold work by rolling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... widely used in the forming. It also analyzes the various forming processes of aluminum alloys. The processes include blanking and piercing, bending, press-brake forming, contour roll forming, deep drawing, spinning, stretch forming, rubber-pad forming, warm forming, superplastic forming, explosive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Fig. 1 Parts classified into six classes based on severity of draw Fig. 4 The processes of (a) spinning and (b) shear spinning Fig. 2 Data on die wear and die life. The three plots in the bottom row relate to small instrument parts having a maximum area of 19 cm 2 (3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
...Typical values for strength coefficient, <italic>K</italic>, and strain-hardening exponent, <italic>n</italic>, (<xref rid="a0003258-e1" ref-type="disp-formula">Eq 1</xref>) at room temperature Table 1 Typical values for strength coefficient, K , and strain-hardening exponent, n , ( Eq 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... and the lubricants used in the processes. It discusses the various forming processes of magnesium alloys. These include press-brake forming, deep drawing, manual and power spinning, rubber-pad forming, stretch forming, drop hammer forming, and precision forging. cold forming deep drawing drop hammer forming...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of ferrous or nonferrous metals. The article reviews the various types of forming processes such as blanking, piercing, fine-edge blanking, press bending, press forming, forming by multiple-slide machines, deep drawing, stretch forming, spinning, rubber-pad forming, three-roll forming, contour roll forming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... forming, and kinematic incremental sheet forming. The article concludes with a discussion on spinning, warm forming, and superplastic forming. aluminum alloys bendability compression bending deep drawing formability forming hydroforming roll bending sheet forming spinning ALUMINUM...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Characteristics of stainless steel that affect its formability include yield strength, tensile strength, and ductility, in addition to the effect of work hardening on these properties. This article discusses the forming process of stainless steel, heat-resistant alloys...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... must be able to accelerate the mold to a predetermined speed, maintain smooth spinning, and decelerate to a stop in a reasonable time frame. The machine also should be able to change speeds during pour and solidification for some special applications. There must be a way to heat and coat the mold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
...-Hill , New York , 1960 106. Rudnev V. , Spin Hardening of Gears Revisited, Professor Induction Series , Heat Treat. Prog. , March/April 2004 , p 17 – 20 107. Rudnev V. et al. , Progress in Study of Induction Surface Hardening of Carbon Steels, Gray Irons and Ductile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., or hardener. The two components undergo reaction after mixing to provide the hardened final product. In this example, the type of chemistry involved in the epoxy curing (the reaction between the two components) can be established by using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic analysis of the uncured...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... to forming by this method. Most tools for the power spinning of titanium are made of high-speed steel and hardened to 60 HRC. Mandrels are heated for hot spinning, though. It may be advantageous to heat the workpiece also. Tube preforms can be heated by radiation. The hot power spinning of titanium...