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special-purpose glass fiber

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the types, oxide composition, as well as mechanical and physical properties of general-purpose and special-purpose glass fibers. It describes the glass melting and fiber forming processes and provides information on important commercial products...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., was the starting point in the effort to develop stronger and stiffer reinforcing fibers to meet military aerospace needs. For specialized applications, high-silica and quartz fibers are also used. High-silica fibers are made from typical fiberglass fibers by leaching out the impurities and then inducing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... structures, bolting, self-tapping screw bosses, snap fits, and riveting ( Fig. 5 ) Fig. 3 Examples of corrugations and complex rib structures in compression molded parts Fig. 4 Example of a compression molded part (a vehicle battery tray) incorporating special molded-in features...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... curing period of the gel coat, liquid resin and chopped fibers are simultaneously deposited onto the gel coated surface from specialized spray equipment and spray guns ( Fig. 10 ). Fig. 9 Gel coat spray-up Fig. 10 Resin/glass spray-up gun In fabricating laminates for use in marine...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... diversity of interest to the applications engineer will most likely be found among the more highly engineered glasses required for the specialized products. Selection of a material, be it glass or glass-ceramic, generally depends on the properties needed for the end-use application. These often include...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... ). E-Glass E-glass is a family of glasses with a calcium aluminoborosilicate composition and a maximum alkali content of 2.0%. E-glasses are used as a general-purpose fiber when strength and high electrical resistivity are required. ECR-glass is a modified E-glass that is chemically resistant. S...
Book Chapter

By Tim Pepper
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... caustic environments where the chemicals actually attack and dissolve glass. In this and other special cases, reinforcing materials, such as carbon fibers, may be preferred ( Ref 7 ). Corrosion resistance of glass fiber polyester resin composites Table 9 Corrosion resistance of glass fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... This article selects, from the many available composite fiber-resin combinations manufactured by conventional processing methods, a few that are representative of the common, high-volume types as well as a few of the more specialized types. These materials are identified and briefly described...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... spheres glass-ceramic/metal seals glass/metal seals grinding optical fibers polishing THE LARGE MAJORITY of the commercially important glasses are processed from a carefully calculated batch of raw materials that is then melted in special furnaces. There are various types of melting units used...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... reinforcement materials include the base fiber, which is a special variation of high-tenacity rayon tire cord reinforcement, pitch fibers, and polyacrylonitrile fibers. The base fiber is woven into plain, leno, and satin weaves and subsequently carbonized at below 1650 °C (3000 °F). Polyacrylonitrile fibers...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... … Thin brick veneer C 1088 Sculptured brick … Special shapes … Glazed brick C 126 Glazed structural tile C 126 Load-bearing units Building brick C 62 Hollow brick C 652 Face brick C 216 Structural tile facing C 212 Structural tile floor C 57 Structural tile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005920
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... corners may round off and flats may bow or sag in. Therefore, redraw requires a balance between how cold or hot the glass is redrawn. There are circumstances in which very specialized forming is required. Some glass compositions are reactive with water or oxygen, or both, and when formed should be done...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... terminations and splices that need special attention as to how they are integrated within the composite structure. It is common for these designs to have ply thickness variations within the composite part and other defects in the areas around the ply terminations. A low-magnification montage of a carbon fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... cloth. With special exceptions, this is the least favorable specimen preparation method. Fragile materials, multiple samples, or samples with surface features require support to ensure a flat planar surface. The use of a mounting medium such as epoxy, polyester, or acrylic resin is necessary...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.9781627082006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... characterization techniques for polymeric materials and other organic solids This table and chart is not intended to be all-inclusive but to identify the most commonly used techniques for the types of information needed. Many techniques that require special modifications or conditions to perform the desired...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to be used. The OEM repair instructions must be complied with in each individual case. Bolted repairs to solid laminates are similar in appearance and concept to metal repairs, but their execution requires the use of the correct and special fasteners. These special fasteners require the use of the correct...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... acceptance. The requirements of the vaulting pole have led to a specialized form of fishing rod, rather than a pole that bends uniformly from end to end. The major manufacturers have recently redesigned the poles to be nonlinear springs, which are stiffer at the butt end than at the other. Carbon fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Corrosion Glass-fiber laminates exhibit excellent corrosion resistance and may be used with most common metals without using special precautions to prevent corrosion. When carbon-fiber laminates are used in conjunction with metal parts, special care must be taken to prevent bimetallic corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Special techniques are needed to feed the bulky materials into the injection machine. This process is not widely used for bulk molding compounds because of the poor flow characteristics of many compounds. Properties A discussion of the effects of fiber type and length and matrix type on thermoset...